US (United States) Code. Title 18. Chapter 11A: Child support

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Crimes and criminal procedure

  • Enviado por: El remitente no desea revelar su nombre
  • Idioma: inglés
  • País: Estados Unidos Estados Unidos
  • 3 páginas
publicidad

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18 USC CHAPTER 11A - CHILD SUPPORT 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 11A - CHILD SUPPORT

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CHAPTER 11A - CHILD SUPPORT

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Sec.

228. Failure to pay legal child support obligations.

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18 USC Sec. 228 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 11A - CHILD SUPPORT

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Sec. 228. Failure to pay legal child support obligations

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(a) Offense. - Any person who -

(1) willfully fails to pay a support obligation with respect to

a child who resides in another State, if such obligation has

remained unpaid for a period longer than 1 year, or is greater

than $5,000;

(2) travels in interstate or foreign commerce with the intent

to evade a support obligation, if such obligation has remained

unpaid for a period longer than 1 year, or is greater than

$5,000; or

(3) willfully fails to pay a support obligation with respect to

a child who resides in another State, if such obligation has

remained unpaid for a period longer than 2 years, or is greater

than $10,000;

shall be punished as provided in subsection (c).

(b) Presumption. - The existence of a support obligation that was

in effect for the time period charged in the indictment or

information creates a rebuttable presumption that the obligor has

the ability to pay the support obligation for that time period.

(c) Punishment. - The punishment for an offense under this

section is -

(1) in the case of a first offense under subsection (a)(1), a

fine under this title, imprisonment for not more than 6 months,

or both; and

(2) in the case of an offense under paragraph (2) or (3) of

subsection (a), or a second or subsequent offense under

subsection (a)(1), a fine under this title, imprisonment for not

more than 2 years, or both.

(d) Mandatory Restitution. - Upon a conviction under this

section, the court shall order restitution under section 3663A in

an amount equal to the total unpaid support obligation as it exists

at the time of sentencing.

(e) Venue. - With respect to an offense under this section, an

action may be inquired of and prosecuted in a district court of the

United States for -

(1) the district in which the child who is the subject of the

support obligation involved resided during a period during which

a person described in subsection (a) (referred to in this

subsection as an ''obliger'') failed to meet that support

obligation;

(2) the district in which the obliger resided during a period

described in paragraph (1); or

(3) any other district with jurisdiction otherwise provided for

by law.

(f) Definitions. - As used in this section -

(1) the term ''Indian tribe'' has the meaning given that term

in section 102 of the Federally Recognized Indian Tribe List Act

of 1994 (25 U.S.C. 479a);

(2) the term ''State'' includes any State of the United States,

the District of Columbia, and any commonwealth, territory, or

possession of the United States; and

(3) the term ''support obligation'' means any amount determined

under a court order or an order of an administrative process

pursuant to the law of a State or of an Indian tribe to be due

from a person for the support and maintenance of a child or of a

child and the parent with whom the child is living.

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(Added Pub. L. 102-521, Sec. 2(a), Oct. 25, 1992, 106 Stat. 3403;

amended Pub. L. 104-294, title VI, Sec. 607(l), Oct. 11, 1996, 110

Stat. 3512; Pub. L. 105-187, Sec. 2, June 24, 1998, 112 Stat. 618.)

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AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-187 reenacted section catchline without change

and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, section consisted

of subsecs. (a) to (d) relating to a description of the offense,

punishment for an offense, restitution upon conviction of an

offense, and definitions of terms used in this section.

1996 - Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 104-294 inserted ''commonwealth,''

before ''possession or territory of the United States''.

SHORT TITLE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 105-187, Sec. 1, June 24, 1998, 112 Stat. 618, provided

that: ''This Act (amending this section) may be cited as the

'Deadbeat Parents Punishment Act of 1998'.''

SHORT TITLE

Section 1 of Pub. L. 102-521 provided that: ''This Act (enacting

this section and sections 3796cc to 3796cc-6 of Title 42, The

Public Health and Welfare, amending section 3563 of this title and

section 3797 of Title 42, and enacting provisions set out as a note

under section 12301 of Title 42) may be cited as the 'Child Support

Recovery Act of 1992'.''

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SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 42 section 3515d.

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