US (United States) Code. Title 16. Chapter 7: Protection of migratory game and insectivorous birds

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Conservation

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-CITE-

16 USC CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND

INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

-MISC1-

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERALLY

Sec.

701. Game and wild birds; preservation.

702. Importation of eggs of game birds for propagation.

SUBCHAPTER II - MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY

703. Taking, killing, or possessing migratory birds unlawful.

704. Determination as to when and how migratory birds may be taken,

killed, or possessed.

705. Transportation or importation of migratory birds; when

unlawful.

706. Arrests; search warrants.

707. Violations and penalties; forfeitures.

708. State or Territorial laws or regulations.

709. Omitted.

709a. Authorization of appropriations.

710. Partial invalidity; short title.

711. Breeding and sale for food supply.

712. Treaty and convention implementing regulations; seasonal

taking of migratory birds for essential needs of indigenous

Alaskans to preserve and maintain stocks of the birds; protection

and conservation of the birds.

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

715. Short title.

715a. Migratory Bird Conservation Commission; creation;

composition; duties; approval of areas of land and water

recommended for purchase or rental.

715b. Omitted.

715c. Areas recommended for approval; character.

715d. Purchase or rental of approved areas or interests therein;

gifts and devises; United States lands.

715-1 to 715d-3. Repealed or Omitted.

715e. Examination of title; easements and reservations.

715e-1. Omitted.

715f. Consent of State to conveyance in fee.

715g. Jurisdiction of State over areas acquired.

715h. Operation of State game laws.

715i. Administration.

(a) Treaty obligations; rules and regulations.

(b) Management and public and private agency

agreements authorization.

715j. ''Migratory birds'' defined.

715k. Authorization of appropriations for purposes of subchapter;

disposal; reservation protectors.

715k-1. Expenditures for personal services.

715k-2. Omitted.

715k-3. Authorization of appropriations for the preservation of

wetlands and other waterfowl habitat.

715k-4. Accounting and use of appropriations.

715k-5. Acquisition of lands.

715l, 715m. Repealed.

715n. ''Take'' defined.

715o. National forest and power sites; use for migratory bird

reservations.

715p. Cooperation of State in enforcement of provisions.

715q. Expenses of commission; authorization of appropriations.

715r. Partial invalidity; validity of remainder.

715s. Participation of local governments in revenue from areas

administered by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

(a) Separate fund in the United States Treasury;

availability of funds until expended;

''National Wildlife Refuge System'' defined.

(b) Deduction of expenses.

(c) Payments to counties.

(d) Authorization of appropriations equal to

difference between amount of net receipts and

aggregate amount of required payments.

(e) Transfer and use of excess of net receipts over

aggregate amount of required payments.

(f) Terms, conditions, and regulations for execution

of revenue producing activities; disposal of

animals.

(g) Definitions.

SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX

718. Definitions.

718a. Hunting and conservation stamp for taking migratory

waterfowl.

718b. Issuance and sale of stamps; deposit of funds in migratory

bird conservation fund; fees; validity; expiration; redemption;

''retail dealers'' and ''hunting year'' defined.

(a) Sales; fund disposition; unsold stamps.

(b) Cost of stamp.

718b-1. Disposition of unsold stamps; collectors' supply;

destruction of surplus.

718c. Compliance with treaty or convention regulations and State

game laws.

718d. Disposition of receipts from sale of stamps.

(a) Advance allotments to Postal Service.

(b) Acquisition of bird refuges.

(c) Waterfowl Production Areas.

(d) Promotion of stamp sales.

718e. Offenses.

(a) Loan or transfer of stamp.

(b) Alteration and counterfeiting of stamp.

(c) Reproduction of migratory bird hunting stamps;

regulation by Secretary of the Interior;

disposition of proceeds.

718f. Enforcement; authority of United States judges, magistrate

judges, and employees of Department of the Interior.

718g. Penalties.

718h. Cooperation with States and Territories.

718i. Repealed.

718j. Crediting of funds received as fees for entering

migratory-bird hunting and conservation stamp contest.

718k. Use of fees collected for Federal migratory bird permits.

SUBCHAPTER V - JUNIOR DUCK STAMP CONSERVATION AND DESIGN PROGRAM

719. Establishment of Program.

(a) In general.

(b) Program features.

(c) Effort to conduct Program in all States.

719a. Junior Duck Stamp.

(a) Competition.

(b) Licensing and marketing of design of Junior Duck

Stamps.

(c) Use of proceeds from licensing and marketing of

Junior Duck Stamps and Junior Duck Stamp

designs.

719b. Acceptance of gifts, devises, and bequests.

719b-1. Definition of State.

719c. Authorization of appropriations.

-CITE-

16 USC SUBCHAPTER I - GENERALLY 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERALLY

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERALLY

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 701 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERALLY

-HEAD-

Sec. 701. Game and wild birds; preservation

-STATUTE-

The duties and powers of the Department of the Interior include

the preservation, distribution, introduction, and restoration of

game birds and other wild birds. The Secretary of the Interior is

authorized to adopt such measures as may be necessary to carry out

the purposes of this Act, and to purchase such game birds and other

wild birds as may be required therefor, subject, however, to the

laws of the various States and Territories. The object and purpose

of this Act is to aid in the restoration of such birds in those

parts of the United States adapted thereto where the same have

become scarce or extinct, and also to regulate the introduction of

American or foreign birds or animals in localities where they have

not heretofore existed.

The Secretary of the Interior shall from time to time collect and

publish useful information as to the propagation, uses, and

preservation of such birds.

And the Secretary of the Interior shall make and publish all

needful rules and regulations for carrying out the purposes of this

Act, and shall expend for said purposes such sums as Congress may

appropriate therefor.

-SOURCE-

(May 25, 1900, ch. 553, Sec. 1, 31 Stat. 187; 1939 Reorg. Plan No.

II, Sec. 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This Act, referred to in text, is act May 25, 1900, section 1 of

which is classified to this section. Sections 2 to 4 of the Act

were repealed and restated by sections 241 to 244 of the Criminal

Code of 1909 (approved Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321) which were classified

to sections 391 to 394 of former Title 18. Such sections were

subsequently repealed and reenacted as sections 42 to 44 of Title

18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure. Section 5 of the Act which was

classified to section 667e of this title was repealed by Pub. L.

97-79, Sec. 9(b)(2), Nov. 16, 1981, 95 Stat. 1079.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, set out in the Appendix to Title 5,

Government Organization and Employees, transferred functions of

Secretary of Agriculture relating to conservation of wildlife,

game, and migratory birds to Secretary of the Interior.

-EXEC-

EX. ORD. NO. 13186. RESPONSIBILITIES OF FEDERAL AGENCIES TO PROTECT

MIGRATORY BIRDS

Ex. Ord. No. 13186, Jan. 10, 2001, 66 F.R. 3853, provided:

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution

and the laws of the United States of America, and in furtherance of

the purposes of the migratory bird conventions, the Migratory Bird

Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703-711), the Bald and Golden Eagle

Protection Acts (16 U.S.C. 668-668d), the Fish and Wildlife

Coordination Act (16 U.S.C. 661-666c), the Endangered Species Act

of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531-1544), the National Environmental Policy

Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321-4347), and other pertinent statutes, it

is hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1. Policy. Migratory birds are of great ecological and

economic value to this country and to other countries. They

contribute to biological diversity and bring tremendous enjoyment

to millions of Americans who study, watch, feed, or hunt these

birds throughout the United States and other countries. The United

States has recognized the critical importance of this shared

resource by ratifying international, bilateral conventions for the

conservation of migratory birds. Such conventions include the

Convention for the Protection of Migratory Birds with Great Britain

on behalf of Canada 1916, the Convention for the Protection of

Migratory Birds and Game Mammals-Mexico 1936, the Convention for

the Protection of Birds and Their Environment-Japan 1972, and the

Convention for the Conservation of Migratory Birds and Their

Environment-Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 1978.

These migratory bird conventions impose substantive obligations

on the United States for the conservation of migratory birds and

their habitats, and through the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (Act),

the United States has implemented these migratory bird conventions

with respect to the United States. This Executive Order directs

executive departments and agencies to take certain actions to

further implement the Act.

Sec. 2. Definitions. For purposes of this order:

(a) ''Take'' means take as defined in 50 C.F.R. 10.12, and

includes both ''intentional'' and ''unintentional'' take.

(b) ''Intentional take'' means take that is the purpose of the

activity in question.

(c) ''Unintentional take'' means take that results from, but is

not the purpose of, the activity in question.

(d) ''Migratory bird'' means any bird listed in 50 C.F.R. 10.13.

(e) ''Migratory bird resources'' means migratory birds and the

habitats upon which they depend.

(f) ''Migratory bird convention'' means, collectively, the

bilateral conventions (with Great Britain/Canada, Mexico, Japan,

and Russia) for the conservation of migratory bird resources.

(g) ''Federal agency'' means an executive department or agency,

but does not include independent establishments as defined by 5

U.S.C. 104.

(h) ''Action'' means a program, activity, project, official

policy (such as a rule or regulation), or formal plan directly

carried out by a Federal agency. Each Federal agency will further

define what the term ''action'' means with respect to its own

authorities and what programs should be included in the

agency-specific Memoranda of Understanding required by this order.

Actions delegated to or assumed by nonfederal entities, or carried

out by nonfederal entities with Federal assistance, are not subject

to this order. Such actions, however, continue to be subject to

the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.

(i) ''Species of concern'' refers to those species listed in the

periodic report ''Migratory Nongame Birds of Management Concern in

the United States,'' priority migratory bird species as documented

by established plans (such as Bird Conservation Regions in the

North American Bird Conservation Initiative or Partners in Flight

physiographic areas), and those species listed in 50 C.F.R. 17.11.

Sec. 3. Federal Agency Responsibilities. (a) Each Federal agency

taking actions that have, or are likely to have, a measurable

negative effect on migratory bird populations is directed to

develop and implement, within 2 years, a Memorandum of

Understanding (MOU) with the Fish and Wildlife Service (Service)

that shall promote the conservation of migratory bird populations.

(b) In coordination with affected Federal agencies, the Service

shall develop a schedule for completion of the MOUs within 180 days

of the date of this order. The schedule shall give priority to

completing the MOUs with agencies having the most substantive

impacts on migratory birds.

(c) Each MOU shall establish protocols for implementation of the

MOU and for reporting accomplishments. These protocols may be

incorporated into existing actions; however, the MOU shall

recognize that the agency may not be able to implement some

elements of the MOU until such time as the agency has successfully

included them in each agency's formal planning processes (such as

revision of agency land management plans, land use compatibility

guidelines, integrated resource management plans, and fishery

management plans), including public participation and NEPA

analysis, as appropriate. This order and the MOUs to be developed

by the agencies are intended to be implemented when new actions or

renewal of contracts, permits, delegations, or other third party

agreements are initiated as well as during the initiation of new,

or revisions to, land management plans.

(d) Each MOU shall include an elevation process to resolve any

dispute between the signatory agencies regarding a particular

practice or activity.

(e) Pursuant to its MOU, each agency shall, to the extent

permitted by law and subject to the availability of appropriations

and within Administration budgetary limits, and in harmony with

agency missions:

(1) support the conservation intent of the migratory bird

conventions by integrating bird conservation principles, measures,

and practices into agency activities and by avoiding or minimizing,

to the extent practicable, adverse impacts on migratory bird

resources when conducting agency actions;

(2) restore and enhance the habitat of migratory birds, as

practicable;

(3) prevent or abate the pollution or detrimental alteration of

the environment for the benefit of migratory birds, as practicable;

(4) design migratory bird habitat and population conservation

principles, measures, and practices, into agency plans and planning

processes (natural resource, land management, and environmental

quality planning, including, but not limited to, forest and

rangeland planning, coastal management planning, watershed

planning, etc.) as practicable, and coordinate with other agencies

and nonfederal partners in planning efforts;

(5) within established authorities and in conjunction with the

adoption, amendment, or revision of agency management plans and

guidance, ensure that agency plans and actions promote programs and

recommendations of comprehensive migratory bird planning efforts

such as Partners-in-Flight, U.S. National Shorebird Plan, North

American Waterfowl Management Plan, North American Colonial

Waterbird Plan, and other planning efforts, as well as guidance

from other sources, including the Food and Agricultural

Organization's International Plan of Action for Reducing Incidental

Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries;

(6) ensure that environmental analyses of Federal actions

required by the NEPA or other established environmental review

processes evaluate the effects of actions and agency plans on

migratory birds, with emphasis on species of concern;

(7) provide notice to the Service in advance of conducting an

action that is intended to take migratory birds, or annually report

to the Service on the number of individuals of each species of

migratory birds intentionally taken during the conduct of any

agency action, including but not limited to banding or marking,

scientific collecting, taxidermy, and depredation control;

(8) minimize the intentional take of species of concern by: (i)

delineating standards and procedures for such take; and (ii)

developing procedures for the review and evaluation of take

actions. With respect to intentional take, the MOU shall be

consistent with the appropriate sections of 50 C.F.R. parts 10, 21,

and 22;

(9) identify where unintentional take reasonably attributable to

agency actions is having, or is likely to have, a measurable

negative effect on migratory bird populations, focusing first on

species of concern, priority habitats, and key risk factors. With

respect to those actions so identified, the agency shall develop

and use principles, standards, and practices that will lessen the

amount of unintentional take, developing any such conservation

efforts in cooperation with the Service. These principles,

standards, and practices shall be regularly evaluated and revised

to ensure that they are effective in lessening the detrimental

effect of agency actions on migratory bird populations. The agency

also shall inventory and monitor bird habitat and populations

within the agency's capabilities and authorities to the extent

feasible to facilitate decisions about the need for, and

effectiveness of, conservation efforts;

(10) within the scope of its statutorily-designated authorities,

control the import, export, and establishment in the wild of live

exotic animals and plants that may be harmful to migratory bird

resources;

(11) promote research and information exchange related to the

conservation of migratory bird resources, including coordinated

inventorying and monitoring and the collection and assessment of

information on environmental contaminants and other physical or

biological stressors having potential relevance to migratory bird

conservation. Where such information is collected in the course of

agency actions or supported through Federal financial assistance,

reasonable efforts shall be made to share such information with the

Service, the Biological Resources Division of the U.S. Geological

Survey, and other appropriate repositories of such data (e.g, the

Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology);

(12) provide training and information to appropriate employees on

methods and means of avoiding or minimizing the take of migratory

birds and conserving and restoring migratory bird habitat;

(13) promote migratory bird conservation in international

activities and with other countries and international partners, in

consultation with the Department of State, as appropriate or

relevant to the agency's authorities;

(14) recognize and promote economic and recreational values of

birds, as appropriate; and

(15) develop partnerships with non-Federal entities to further

bird conservation.

(f) Notwithstanding the requirement to finalize an MOU within 2

years, each agency is encouraged to immediately begin implementing

the conservation measures set forth above in subparagraphs (1)

through (15) of this section, as appropriate and practicable.

(g) Each agency shall advise the public of the availability of

its MOU through a notice published in the Federal Register.

Sec. 4. Council for the Conservation of Migratory Birds. (a) The

Secretary of Interior shall establish an interagency Council for

the Conservation of Migratory Birds (Council) to oversee the

implementation of this order. The Council's duties shall include

the following: (1) sharing the latest resource information to

assist in the conservation and management of migratory birds; (2)

developing an annual report of accomplishments and recommendations

related to this order; (3) fostering partnerships to further the

goals of this order; and (4) selecting an annual recipient of a

Presidential Migratory Bird Federal Stewardship Award for

contributions to the protection of migratory birds.

(b) The Council shall include representation, at the bureau

director/administrator level, from the Departments of the Interior,

State, Commerce, Agriculture, Transportation, Energy, Defense, and

the Environmental Protection Agency and from such other agencies as

appropriate.

Sec. 5. Application and Judicial Review. (a) This order and the

MOU to be developed by the agencies do not require changes to

current contracts, permits, or other third party agreements.

(b) This order is intended only to improve the internal

management of the executive branch and does not create any right or

benefit, substantive or procedural, separately enforceable at law

or equity by a party against the United States, its agencies or

instrumentalities, its officers or employees, or any other person.

William J. Clinton.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 702 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERALLY

-HEAD-

Sec. 702. Importation of eggs of game birds for propagation

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Interior shall have the power to authorize

the importation of eggs of game birds for purposes of propagation,

and he shall prescribe all necessary rules and regulations

governing the importation of eggs of said birds for such purposes.

-SOURCE-

(June 3, 1902, ch. 983, 32 Stat. 285; 1939 Reorg. Plan No. II, Sec.

4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433.)

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 701 of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC SUBCHAPTER II - MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER II - MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER II - MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY

-SECREF-

SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in sections 459a-1, 668d, 695b,

695p, 715j, 718, 718f, 2404, 2407, 2408, 2912, 3125, 4402 of this

title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 703 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER II - MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY

-HEAD-

Sec. 703. Taking, killing, or possessing migratory birds unlawful

-STATUTE-

Unless and except as permitted by regulations made as hereinafter

provided in this subchapter, it shall be unlawful at any time, by

any means or in any manner, to pursue, hunt, take, capture, kill,

attempt to take, capture, or kill, possess, offer for sale, sell,

offer to barter, barter, offer to purchase, purchase, deliver for

shipment, ship, export, import, cause to be shipped, exported, or

imported, deliver for transportation, transport or cause to be

transported, carry or cause to be carried, or receive for shipment,

transportation, carriage, or export, any migratory bird, any part,

nest, or eggs of any such bird, or any product, whether or not

manufactured, which consists, or is composed in whole or part, of

any such bird or any part, nest, or egg thereof, included in the

terms of the conventions between the United States and Great

Britain for the protection of migratory birds concluded August 16,

1916 (39 Stat. 1702), the United States and the United Mexican

States for the protection of migratory birds and game mammals

concluded February 7, 1936, the United States and the Government of

Japan for the protection of migratory birds and birds in danger of

extinction, and their environment concluded March 4, 1972 (FOOTNOTE

1) and the convention between the United States and the Union of

Soviet Socialist Republics for the conservation of migratory birds

and their environments concluded November 19, 1976.

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Probably should be followed by a

comma.

-SOURCE-

(July 3, 1918, ch. 128, Sec. 2, 40 Stat. 755; June 20, 1936, ch.

634, Sec. 3, 49 Stat. 1556; Pub. L. 93-300, Sec. 1, June 1, 1974,

88 Stat. 190; Pub. L. 101-233, Sec. 15, Dec. 13, 1989, 103 Stat.

1977.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1989 - Pub. L. 101-233 struck out ''and'' after ''1936,'' and

inserted before period at end ''and the convention between the

United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics for the

conservation of migratory birds and their environments concluded

November 19, 1976''.

1974 - Pub. L. 93-300 substituted ''any part, nest, or eggs of

any such bird, or any product, whether or not manufactured, which

consists, or is composed in whole or part, of any such bird or any

part, nest, or egg thereof'' for ''any part, nest, or egg of any

such birds'', and included the convention between the United States

and the Government of Japan concluded March 4, 1972.

1936 - Act June 20, 1936, made changes in phraseology.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1974 AMENDMENT

Section 3 of Pub. L. 93-300 provided that: ''The amendments made

by this Act (amending this section) shall take effect on the date

on which the President proclaims the exchange of ratifications of

the convention between the United States and the Government of

Japan for the protection of migratory birds and birds in danger of

extinction, and their environment, concluded March 4, 1972, or on

the date of the enactment of this Act (June 1, 1974), whichever

date is later.''

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1936 AMENDMENT

Section 1 of act June 20, 1936, in conjunction with sections 2 to

5 of that act, provided that the amendment of this section and

sections 704, 705, 707, 708 and the enactment of section 709a of

this title by that act, are effective as of the day on which the

President shall proclaim the exchange of ratifications of the

convention between the United States and the United Mexican States

for the protection of migratory birds and game mammals concluded

February 7, 1936, or on June 20, 1936, whichever date is later.

Such proclamation was made on June 30, 1937.

INCIDENTAL TAKING OF MIGRATORY BIRDS DURING MILITARY READINESS

ACTIVITIES

Pub. L. 107-314, div. A, title III, Sec. 315, Dec. 2, 2002, 116

Stat. 2509, provided that:

''(a) Interim Authority for Incidental Takings. - During the

period described in subsection (c), section 2 of the Migratory Bird

Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703) shall not apply to the incidental taking

of a migratory bird by a member of the Armed Forces during a

military readiness activity authorized by the Secretary of Defense

or the Secretary of the military department concerned.

''(b) Identification of Measures to Minimize Impact of

Activities. - During the periods described in subsections (c) and

(d), the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the

Secretary of the Interior, identify measures -

''(1) to minimize and mitigate, to the extent practicable, any

adverse impacts of authorized military readiness activities on

affected species of migratory birds; and

''(2) to monitor the impacts of such military readiness

activities on affected species of migratory birds.

''(c) Period of Application for Interim Authority. - The period

described in this subsection is the period beginning on the date of

the enactment of this Act (Dec. 2, 2002) and ending on the date on

which the Secretary of the Interior publishes in the Federal

Register a notice that -

''(1) regulations authorizing the incidental taking of

migratory birds by members of the Armed Forces have been

prescribed in accordance with the requirements of subsection (d);

''(2) all legal challenges to the regulations and to the manner

of their promulgation (if any) have been exhausted as provided in

subsection (e); and

''(3) the regulations have taken effect.

''(d) Incidental Takings After Interim Period. - (1) Not later

than the expiration of the one-year period beginning on the date of

the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior shall

exercise the authority of that Secretary under section 3(a) of the

Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 704(a)) to prescribe

regulations to exempt the Armed Forces for the incidental taking of

migratory birds during military readiness activities authorized by

the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of the military

department concerned.

''(2) The Secretary of the Interior shall exercise authority

under paragraph (1) with the concurrence of the Secretary of

Defense.

''(e) Limitation on Judicial Review. - An action seeking judicial

review of regulations prescribed pursuant to this section or of the

manner of their promulgation must be filed in the appropriate

Federal court by not later than the expiration of the 120-day

period beginning on the date on which such regulations are

published in the Federal Register. Upon the expiration of such

period and the exhaustion of any legal challenges to the

regulations pursuant to any action filed in such period, there

shall be no further judicial review of such regulations or of the

manner of their promulgation.

''(f) Military Readiness Activity. - (1) In this section the term

'military readiness activity' includes -

''(A) all training and operations of the Armed Forces that

relate to combat; and

''(B) the adequate and realistic testing of military equipment,

vehicles, weapons, and sensors for proper operation and

suitability for combat use.

''(2) The term does not include -

''(A) the routine operation of installation operating support

functions, such as administrative offices, military exchanges,

commissaries, water treatment facilities, storage facilities,

schools, housing, motor pools, laundries, morale, welfare, and

recreation activities, shops, and mess halls;

''(B) the operation of industrial activities; or

''(C) the construction or demolition of facilities used for a

purpose described in subparagraph (A) or (B).''

ARCTIC TUNDRA HABITAT EMERGENCY CONSERVATION

Pub. L. 106-108, Nov. 24, 1999, 113 Stat. 1491, provided that:

''SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

''This Act may be cited as the 'Arctic Tundra Habitat Emergency

Conservation Act'.

''SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.

''(a) Findings. - The Congress finds the following:

''(1) The winter index population of mid-continent light geese

was 800,000 birds in 1969, while the total population of such

geese is more than 5,200,000 birds today.

''(2) The population of mid-continent light geese is expanding

by over 5 percent each year, and in the absence of new wildlife

management actions it could grow to more than 6,800,000 breeding

light geese in 3 years.

''(3) The primary reasons for this unprecedented population

growth are -

''(A) the expansion of agricultural areas and the resulting

abundance of cereal grain crops in the United States;

''(B) the establishment of sanctuaries along the United

States flyways of migrating light geese; and

''(C) a decline in light geese harvest rates.

''(4) As a direct result of this population explosion, the

Hudson Bay Lowlands Salt-Marsh ecosystem in Canada is being

systematically destroyed. This ecosystem contains approximately

135,000 acres of essential habitat for migrating light geese and

many other avian species. Biologists have testified that

one-third of this habitat has been destroyed, one-third is on the

brink of devastation, and the remaining one-third is overgrazed.

''(5) The destruction of the Arctic tundra is having a severe

negative impact on many avian species that breed or migrate

through this habitat, including the following:

''(A) Canada Goose.

''(B) American Wigeon.

''(C) Dowitcher.

''(D) Hudsonian Godwit.

''(E) Stilt Sandpiper.

''(F) Northern Shoveler.

''(G) Red-Breasted Merganser.

''(H) Oldsquaw.

''(I) Parasitic Jaeger.

''(J) Whimbrel.

''(K) Yellow Rail.

''(6) It is essential that the current population of

mid-continent light geese be reduced by 50 percent by the year

2005 to ensure that the fragile Arctic tundra is not irreversibly

damaged.

''(b) Purposes. - The purposes of this Act are the following:

''(1) To reduce the population of mid-continent light geese.

''(2) To assure the long-term conservation of mid-continent

light geese and the biological diversity of the ecosystem upon

which many North American migratory birds depend.

''SEC. 3. FORCE AND EFFECT OF RULES TO CONTROL OVERABUNDANT

MID-CONTINENT LIGHT GEESE POPULATIONS.

''(a) Force and Effect. -

''(1) In general. - The rules published by the Service on

February 16, 1999, relating to use of additional hunting methods

to increase the harvest of mid-continent light geese (64 Fed.

Reg. 7507-7517) and the establishment of a conservation order for

the reduction of mid-continent light goose populations (64 Fed.

Reg. 7517-7528), shall have the force and effect of law.

''(2) Public notice. - The Secretary, acting through the

Director of the Service, shall take such action as is necessary

to appropriately notify the public of the force and effect of the

rules referred to in paragraph (1).

''(b) Application. - Subsection (a) shall apply only during the

period that -

''(1) begins on the date of the enactment of this Act (Nov. 24,

1999); and

''(2) ends on the latest of -

''(A) the effective date of rules issued by the Service after

such date of the enactment to control overabundant

mid-continent light geese populations;

''(B) the date of the publication of a final environmental

impact statement for such rules under section 102(2)(C) of the

National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C.

4332(2)(C)); and

''(C) May 15, 2001.

''(c) Rule of Construction. - This section shall not be construed

to limit the authority of the Secretary or the Service to issue

rules, under another law, to regulate the taking of mid-continent

light geese.

''SEC. 4. COMPREHENSIVE MANAGEMENT PLAN.

''(a) In General. - Not later than the end of the period

described in section 103(b) (probably means section 3(b)), the

Secretary shall prepare, and as appropriate implement, a

comprehensive, long-term plan for the management of mid-continent

light geese and the conservation of their habitat.

''(b) Required Elements. - The plan shall apply principles of

adaptive resource management and shall include -

''(1) a description of methods for monitoring the levels of

populations and the levels of harvest of mid-continent light

geese, and recommendations concerning long-term harvest levels;

''(2) recommendations concerning other means for the management

of mid-continent light goose populations, taking into account the

reasons for the population growth specified in section 102(a)(3)

(probably means section 2(a)(3));

''(3) an assessment of, and recommendations relating to,

conservation of the breeding habitat of mid-continent light

geese;

''(4) an assessment of, and recommendations relating to,

conservation of native species of wildlife adversely affected by

the overabundance of mid-continent light geese, including the

species specified in section 102(a)(5) (probably means section

2(a)(5)); and

''(5) an identification of methods for promoting collaboration

with the Government of Canada, States, and other interested

persons.

''(c) Authorization of Appropriations. - There is authorized to

be appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000 for each of

fiscal years 2000 through 2002.

''SEC. 5. DEFINITIONS.

''In this Act:

''(1) Mid-continent light geese. - The term 'mid-continent

light geese' means Lesser snow geese (Anser caerulescens

caerulescens) and Ross' geese (Anser rossii) that primarily

migrate between Canada and the States of Alabama, Arkansas,

Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana,

Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska,

New Mexico, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota,

Tennessee, Texas, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

''(2) Secretary. - The term 'Secretary' means the Secretary of

the Interior.

''(3) Service. - The term 'Service' means the United States

Fish and Wildlife Service.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 704 of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 704 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER II - MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY

-HEAD-

Sec. 704. Determination as to when and how migratory birds may be

taken, killed, or possessed

-STATUTE-

(a) Subject to the provisions and in order to carry out the

purposes of the conventions, referred to in section 703 of this

title, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized and directed,

from time to time, having due regard to the zones of temperature

and to the distribution, abundance, economic value, breeding

habits, and times and lines of migratory flight of such birds, to

determine when, to what extent, if at all, and by what means, it is

compatible with the terms of the conventions to allow hunting,

taking, capture, killing, possession, sale, purchase, shipment,

transportation, carriage, or export of any such bird, or any part,

nest, or egg thereof, and to adopt suitable regulations permitting

and governing the same, in accordance with such determinations,

which regulations shall become effective when approved by the

President.

(b) It shall be unlawful for any person to -

(1) take any migratory game bird by the aid of baiting, or on

or over any baited area, if the person knows or reasonably should

know that the area is a baited area; or

(2) place or direct the placement of bait on or adjacent to an

area for the purpose of causing, inducing, or allowing any person

to take or attempt to take any migratory game bird by the aid of

baiting on or over the baited area.

-SOURCE-

(July 3, 1918, ch. 128, Sec. 3, 40 Stat. 755; June 20, 1936, ch.

634, Sec. 2, 49 Stat. 1556; 1939 Reorg. Plan No. II, Sec. 4(f),

eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433; Pub. L. 105-312,

title I, Sec. 102, Oct. 30, 1998, 112 Stat. 2956.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-312 designated existing provisions as subsec.

(a) and added subsec. (b).

1936 - Act June 20, 1936, substituted ''conventions'' for

''convention'' wherever appearing.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1936 AMENDMENT

Section effective June 30, 1937, see section 1 of act of June 20,

1936, set out as a note under section 703 of this title.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan, No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 701 of this title.

DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS

For delegation to Secretary of the Interior of authority vested

in President, see Ex. Ord. No. 10752, Feb. 12, 1958, 23 F.R. 973,

set out as a note under section 715j of Title 15, Commerce and

Trade.

Secretary of the Interior empowered to promulgate regulations

under this section without approval, ratification, or other action

of President, see section 2(b) of Ex. Ord. No. 10250, June 5, 1951,

16 F.R. 5385, set out as a note under section 301 of Title 3, The

President.

-MISC5-

REPORT ON EFFECTS OF 1998 AMENDMENTS

Pub. L. 105-312, title I, Sec. 104, Oct. 30, 1998, 112 Stat.

2956, provided that: ''Not later than 5 years after the date of

enactment of this Act (Oct. 30, 1998), the Secretary of the

Interior shall submit to the Committee on Environment and Public

Works of the Senate and the Committee on Resources of the House of

Representatives a report analyzing the effect of the amendments

made by section 2 (probably should be section 102, which amended

this section), and the general practice of baiting, on migratory

bird conservation and law enforcement efforts under the Migratory

Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 701 et seq.) (16 U.S.C. 703 et seq.).''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 707, 708 of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 705 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER II - MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY

-HEAD-

Sec. 705. Transportation or importation of migratory birds; when

unlawful

-STATUTE-

It shall be unlawful to ship, transport, or carry, by any means

whatever, from one State, Territory, or district to or through

another State, Territory, or district, or to or through a foreign

country, any bird, or any part, nest, or egg thereof, captured,

killed, taken, shipped, transported, or carried at any time

contrary to the laws of the State, Territory, or district in which

it was captured, killed, or taken, or from which it was shipped,

transported, or carried. It shall be unlawful to import any bird,

or any part, nest, or egg thereof, captured, killed, taken,

shipped, transported, or carried contrary to the laws of any

Province of the Dominion of Canada in which the same was captured,

killed, or taken, or from which it was shipped, transported, or

carried.

-SOURCE-

(July 3, 1918, ch. 128, Sec. 4, 40 Stat. 755; June 20, 1936, ch.

634, Sec. 4, 49 Stat. 1556; 1939 Reorg. Plan No. II, Sec. 4(f),

eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433; Pub. L. 91-135,

Sec. 10, Dec. 5, 1969, 83 Stat. 282.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1969 - Pub. L. 91-135 repealed second par., which prohibited

shipment of wild game mammals or parts thereof by any person of the

United States to and from Mexico, except by permit from the

Secretary of the Interior.

1936 - Act June 20, 1936, inserted last sentence.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1969 AMENDMENT

Section 11 of Pub. L. 91-135 provided that: ''The provisions of

sections 1 through 10 of this Act (enacting sections 668cc-1 to

668cc-6 of this title and amending this section, sections 851, 852,

852a, and 852d of this title, and sections 43, 44, 3054, and 3112

of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure) shall be effective one

hundred and eighty days after the date of enactment of this Act

(Dec. 5, 1969).''

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1936 AMENDMENT

Section effective June 30, 1937, see section 1 of act June 20,

1936, set out as a note under section 703 of this title.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 701 of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 706 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER II - MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY

-HEAD-

Sec. 706. Arrests; search warrants

-STATUTE-

Any employee of the Department of the Interior authorized by the

Secretary of the Interior to enforce the provisions of this

subchapter shall have power, without warrant, to arrest any person

committing a violation of this subchapter in his presence or view

and to take such person immediately for examination or trial before

an officer or court of competent jurisdiction; shall have power to

execute any warrant or other process issued by an officer or court

of competent jurisdiction for the enforcement of the provisions of

this subchapter; and shall have authority, with a search warrant,

to search any place. The several judges of the courts established

under the laws of the United States, and United States magistrate

judges may, within their respective jurisdictions, upon proper oath

or affirmation showing probable cause, issue warrants in all such

cases. All birds, or parts, nests, or eggs thereof, captured,

killed, taken, sold or offered for sale, bartered or offered for

barter, purchased, shipped, transported, carried, imported,

exported, or possessed contrary to the provisions of this

subchapter or of any regulation prescribed thereunder shall, when

found, be seized and, upon conviction of the offender or upon

judgment of a court of the United States that the same were

captured, killed, taken, sold or offered for sale, bartered or

offered for barter, purchased, shipped, transported, carried,

imported, exported, or possessed contrary to the provisions of this

subchapter or of any regulation prescribed thereunder, shall be

forfeited to the United States and disposed of by the Secretary of

the Interior in such manner as he deems appropriate.

-SOURCE-

(July 3, 1918, ch. 128, Sec. 5, 40 Stat. 756; 1939 Reorg. Plan No.

II, Sec. 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433; Pub.

L. 90-578, title IV, Sec. 402(b)(2), Oct. 17, 1968, 82 Stat. 1118;

Pub. L. 95-616, Sec. 3(h)(1), Nov. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 3111; Pub. L.

101-650, title III, Sec. 321, Dec. 1, 1990, 104 Stat. 5117.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1978 - Pub. L. 95-616 made provisions respecting seizures and

judgment of court applicable to birds, or parts, nests, or eggs

sold or offered for sale, bartered or offered for barter,

purchased, imported and exported and substituted ''any regulation

prescribed thereunder'' in two places for ''any regulations made

pursuant thereto'' and ''any regulation made pursuant thereto'' and

provision for disposition of the birds, etc., by Secretary of the

Interior in such manner as he deems appropriate for prior provision

for such disposition as directed by court having jurisdiction.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

''United States magistrate judges'' substituted for ''United

States magistrates'' in text pursuant to section 321 of Pub. L.

101-650, set out as a note under section 631 of Title 28, Judiciary

and Judicial Procedure. Previously, ''United States magistrates''

substituted in text for ''United States commissioners'' pursuant to

Pub. L. 90-578. See chapter 43 (Sec. 631 et seq.) of Title 28.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Enforcement functions of Secretary or other official in

Department of the Interior related to compliance with protection of

certain birds under this subchapter with respect to

pre-construction, construction, and initial operation of

transportation system for Canadian and Alaskan natural gas

transferred to Federal Inspector, Office of Federal Inspector for

Alaska Natural Gas Transportation System, until first anniversary

of date of initial operation of Alaska Natural Gas Transportation

System, see Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1979, Sec. 102(e), 203(a), 44 F.R.

33663, 33666, 93 Stat. 1373, 1376, effective July 1, 1979, set out

in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Office of Federal Inspector for the Alaska Natural Gas

Transportation System abolished and functions and authority vested

in Inspector transferred to Secretary of Energy by section 3012(b)

of Pub. L. 102-486, set out as an Abolition of Office of Federal

Inspector note under section 719e of Title 15, Commerce and Trade.

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 701 of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 707 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER II - MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY

-HEAD-

Sec. 707. Violations and penalties; forfeitures

-STATUTE-

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, any person,

association, partnership, or corporation who shall violate any

provisions of said conventions or of this subchapter, or who shall

violate or fail to comply with any regulation made pursuant to this

subchapter shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon

conviction thereof shall be fined not more than $15,000 or be

imprisoned not more than six months, or both.

(b) Whoever, in violation of this subchapter, shall knowingly -

(1) take by any manner whatsoever any migratory bird with

intent to sell, offer to sell, barter or offer to barter such

bird, or

(2) sell, offer for sale, barter or offer to barter, any

migratory bird shall be guilty of a felony and shall be fined not

more than $2,000 or imprisoned not more than two years, or both.

(c) Whoever violates section 704(b)(2) of this title shall be

fined under title 18, imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both.

(d) All guns, traps, nets and other equipment, vessels, vehicles,

and other means of transportation used by any person when engaged

in pursuing, hunting, taking, trapping, ensnaring, capturing,

killing, or attempting to take, capture, or kill any migratory bird

in violation of this subchapter with the intent to offer for sale,

or sell, or offer for barter, or barter such bird in violation of

this subchapter shall be forfeited to the United States and may be

seized and held pending the prosecution of any person arrested for

violating this subchapter and upon conviction for such violation,

such forfeiture shall be adjudicated as a penalty in addition to

any other provided for violation of this subchapter. Such

forfeited property shall be disposed of and accounted for by, and

under the authority of, the Secretary of the Interior.

-SOURCE-

(July 3, 1918, ch. 128, Sec. 6, 40 Stat. 756; June 20, 1936, ch.

634, Sec. 2, 49 Stat. 1556; Pub. L. 86-732, Sept. 8, 1960, 74 Stat.

866; Pub. L. 99-645, title V, Sec. 501, Nov. 10, 1986, 100 Stat.

3590; Pub. L. 105-312, title I, Sec. 103, Oct. 30, 1998, 112 Stat.

2956.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-312, Sec. 103(1), substituted

''$15,000'' for ''$500''.

Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 105-312, Sec. 103(2), (3), added

subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsec. (c) as (d).

1986 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99-645 substituted ''shall

knowingly'' for ''shall'' in introductory provisions.

1960 - Pub. L. 86-732 designated existing provisions as subsec.

(a), inserted ''Except as otherwise provided in this section'', and

added subsecs. (b) and (c).

1936 - Act June 20, 1936, substituted ''conventions'' for

''convention''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1936 AMENDMENT

Section effective June 30, 1937, see section 1 of act June 20,

1936, set out as a note under section 703 of this title.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of certain enforcement functions of Secretary or

other official in Department of the Interior under this subchapter

to Federal Inspector, Office of Federal Inspector for the Alaska

Natural Gas Transportation System, and subsequent transfer to

Secretary of Energy, see Transfer of Functions note set out under

section 706 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 718g, 4406 of this title;

title 43 section 1474c.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 708 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER II - MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY

-HEAD-

Sec. 708. State or Territorial laws or regulations

-STATUTE-

Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed to prevent the

several States and Territories from making or enforcing laws or

regulations not inconsistent with the provisions of said

conventions or of this subchapter, or from making or enforcing laws

or regulations which shall give further protection to migratory

birds, their nests, and eggs, if such laws or regulations do not

extend the open seasons for such birds beyond the dates approved by

the President in accordance with section 704 of this title.

-SOURCE-

(July 3, 1918, ch. 128, Sec. 7, 40 Stat. 756; June 20, 1936, ch.

634, Sec. 2, 49 Stat. 1556.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1936 - Act June 20, 1936, substituted ''conventions'' for

''convention''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1936 AMENDMENT

Section effective June 30, 1937, see section 1 of act June 20,

1936, set out as a note under section 703 of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 709 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER II - MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY

-HEAD-

Sec. 709. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, act July 3, 1918, ch. 128, Sec. 8, 40 Stat. 756,

authorized taking and use of migratory birds, nests, or eggs for

scientific or propagating purposes until adoption and approval,

pursuant to section 704 of this title, of regulations dealing

therewith. Regulations were promulgated by Proc. July 31, 1918, 40

Stat. 1812.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 709a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER II - MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY

-HEAD-

Sec. 709a. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

There is hereby authorized to be appropriated, from time to time,

out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such

amounts as may be necessary to carry out the provisions and to

accomplish the purposes of said conventions and of this subchapter

and regulations made pursuant thereto, and the Secretary of the

Interior is authorized out of such moneys to employ in the city of

Washington and elsewhere such persons and means as he may deem

necessary for such purpose and may cooperate with local authorities

in the protection of migratory birds and make the necessary

investigations connected therewith.

-SOURCE-

(July 3, 1918, ch. 128, Sec. 9, as added June 20, 1936, ch. 634,

Sec. 5, 49 Stat. 1556; amended 1939 Reorg. Plan No. II, Sec. 4(f),

eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433.)

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective June 30, 1937, see section 1 of act June 30,

1936, set out as a note under section 703 of this title.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of certain enforcement functions of Secretary or

other official in Department of the Interior under this subchapter

to Federal Inspector, Office of Federal Inspector for Alaska

Natural Gas Transportation System, and subsequent transfer to

Secretary of Energy, see Transfer of Functions note set out under

section 706 of this title.

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 701 of this title.

-MISC5-

AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS

Section 6 of act June 20, 1936, provided: ''That all moneys now

or hereafter available for administration and enforcement of said

Act approved July 3, 1918 (this subchapter), shall be equally

available for the administration and enforcement of said Act as

hereby amended.''

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 710 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER II - MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY

-HEAD-

Sec. 710. Partial invalidity; short title

-STATUTE-

If any clause, sentence, paragraph, or part of this subchapter,

which shall be known by the short title of the ''Migratory Bird

Treaty Act'', shall, for any reason, be adjudged by any court of

competent jurisdiction to be invalid, such judgment shall not

affect, impair, or invalidate the remainder thereof, but shall be

confined in its operation to the clause, sentence, paragraph, or

part thereof directly involved in the controversy in which such

judgment shall have been rendered.

-SOURCE-

(July 3, 1918, ch. 128, Sec. 1, 10, 40 Stat. 755, 757.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

The provisions of this section relating to short title are from

section 1 of act July 3, 1918, and the provisions relating to

severability are from section 10 of that act.

-MISC3-

SHORT TITLE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 105-312, title I, Sec. 101, Oct. 30, 1998, 112 Stat.

2956, provided that: ''This title (amending sections 704 and 707 of

this title and enacting provisions set out as a note under section

704 of this title) may be cited as the 'Migratory Bird Treaty

Reform Act of 1998'.''

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 711 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER II - MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY

-HEAD-

Sec. 711. Breeding and sale for food supply

-STATUTE-

Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed to prevent the

breeding of migratory game birds on farms and preserves and the

sale of birds so bred under proper regulation for the purpose of

increasing the food supply.

-SOURCE-

(July 3, 1918, ch. 128, Sec. 12, 40 Stat. 757.)

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 712 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER II - MIGRATORY BIRD TREATY

-HEAD-

Sec. 712. Treaty and convention implementing regulations; seasonal

taking of migratory birds for essential needs of indigenous

Alaskans to preserve and maintain stocks of the birds;

protection and conservation of the birds

-STATUTE-

(1) In accordance with the various migratory bird treaties and

conventions with Canada, Japan, Mexico, and the Union of Soviet

Socialist Republics, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized to

issue such regulations as may be necessary to assure that the

taking of migratory birds and the collection of their eggs, by the

indigenous inhabitants of the State of Alaska, shall be permitted

for their own nutritional and other essential needs, as determined

by the Secretary of the Interior, during seasons established so as

to provide for the preservation and maintenance of stocks of

migratory birds.

(2) The Secretary of the Interior is authorized to issue such

regulations as may be necessary to implement the provisions of the

convention between the United States and Great Britain for the

protection of migratory birds concluded August 16, 1916, the

convention between the United States and the United Mexican States

for the protection of migratory birds and game mammals concluded

February 7, 1936, the convention between the United States and the

Government of Japan for the protection of migratory birds in danger

of extinction, and their environment concluded March 4, 1972, and

the convention between the United States and the Union of Soviet

Socialist Republics for the conservation of migratory birds and

their environment concluded November 19, 1976.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-616, Sec. 3(h)(2), (3), Nov. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 3112.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Par. (1) of section 3(h) of Pub. L. 95-616 amended section 706 of

this title. Pars. (2) and (3) of such section 3(h) were

redesignated (1) and (2) for codification purposes.

Section was enacted as part of the Fish and Wildlife Improvement

Act of 1978, and not as part of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act which

comprises this subchapter.

-CITE-

16 USC SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-SECREF-

SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in sections 668dd, 669b, 669d,

669g-1, 695p, 715s, 718, 718d, 1534, 2912, 3922 of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715. Short title

-STATUTE-

This subchapter shall be known by the short title of ''Migratory

Bird Conservation Act.''

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 1, 45 Stat. 1222.)

-MISC1-

SHORT TITLE OF 1976 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 94-215, Sec. 1, Feb 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 189, provided:

''That this Act (amending sections 668dd, 715a, 715k-3, 715k-5,

718a, 718b, and 718d of this title) may be cited as the 'Wetlands

Loan Extension Act of 1976'.''

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715a. Migratory Bird Conservation Commission; creation;

composition; duties; approval of areas of land and water

recommended for purchase or rental

-STATUTE-

A commission to be known as the Migratory Bird Conservation

Commission, consisting of the Secretary of the Interior, as

chairman, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency,

the Secretary of Agriculture and two Members of the Senate, to be

selected by the President of the Senate, and two Members of the

House of Representatives to be selected by the Speaker, is created

and authorized to consider and pass upon any area of land, water,

or land and water that may be recommended by the Secretary of the

Interior for purchase or rental under this subchapter, and to fix

the price or prices at which such area may be purchased or rented;

and no purchase or rental shall be made of any such area until it

has been duly approved for purchase or rental by said commission.

Any Member of the House of Representatives who is a member of the

commission, if reelected to the succeeding Congress, may serve on

the commission notwithstanding the expiration of a Congress. Any

vacancy on the commission shall be filled in the same manner as the

original appointment. The ranking officer of the branch or

department of a State to which is committed the administration of

its game laws, or his authorized representative, and in a State

having no such branch or department, the governor thereof, or his

authorized representative, shall be a member ex officio of said

commission for the purpose of considering and voting on all

questions relating to the acquisition, under this subchapter, of

areas in his State. For purposes of this subchapter, the purchase

or rental of any area of land, water, or land and water includes

the purchase or rental of any interest in any such area of land,

water, or land and water.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 2, 45 Stat. 1222; 1939 Reorg. Plan

No. II, Sec. 4(f), (h), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat.

1433; Pub. L. 90-261, Mar. 2, 1968, 82 Stat. 39; Pub. L. 94-215,

Sec. 4, Feb. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 190; Pub. L. 101-233, Sec. 13, Dec.

13, 1989, 103 Stat. 1977.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1989 - Pub. L. 101-233 substituted ''Administrator of the

Environmental Protection Agency'' for ''Secretary of

Transportation''.

1976 - Pub. L. 94-215 inserted provision including in the

purchase or rental of any area of land, water, or land and water

the purchase or rental of any interest in any such area of land,

water, or land and water.

1968 - Pub. L. 90-261 substituted the Secretary of Transportation

for the Secretary of Commerce in the membership of the Commission.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, set out in the Appendix to Title 5,

Government Organization and Employees, transferred functions of

Secretary of Agriculture relating to conservation of wildlife,

game, and migratory birds to Secretary of the Interior, and

provided that Secretary of the Interior should be chairman of

Migratory Bird Conservation Commission and that Secretary of

Agriculture should be a member thereof.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 715b, 4402 of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715b. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, act Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 3, 45 Stat. 1223, which

required the commission created by section 715a of this title,

through its chairman, to annually report in detail to Congress on

operations of the commission, terminated, effective May 15, 2000,

pursuant to section 3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, as amended, set out as

a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance. See,

also, page 177 of House Document No. 103-7.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715c. Areas recommended for approval; character

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Interior may not recommend any area for

purchase or rental under the terms of this subchapter unless the

Secretary of the Interior -

(1) has determined that such area is necessary for the

conservation of migratory birds; and

(2) has consulted with the county or other unit of local

government in which such area is located and with the Governor of

the State concerned or the appropriate State agency.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 4, 45 Stat. 1223; 1939 Reorg. Plan

No. II, Sec. 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433;

Pub. L. 89-669, Sec. 7(a), Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 929; Pub. L.

95-552, Sec. 2, Oct. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 2071.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1978 - Pub. L. 95-552 substituted ''may not recommend any area''

for ''shall recommend no area'', incorporated existing provision in

item (1) and added item (2).

1966 - Pub. L. 89-669 struck out ''game'' from ''migratory game

birds''.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 715a of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715d. Purchase or rental of approved areas or interests

therein; gifts and devises; United States lands

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Interior may -

(1) purchase or rent such areas or interests therein as have

been approved for purchase or rental by the Commission at the

price or prices fixed by the Commission; and

(2) acquire, by gift or devise, any area or interests therein;

which he determines to be suitable for use as an inviolate

sanctuary, or for any other management purpose, for migratory

birds. The Secretary may pay, when deemed necessary by him and

from moneys authorized to be appropriated for the purposes of this

subchapter (A) the purchase or rental price of any such area or

interest therein, and (B) the expenses incident to the location,

examination, survey, and acquisition of title (including options)

of any such area or interest therein. No lands acquired, held, or

used by the United States for military purposes shall be subject to

any provisions of this subchapter.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 5, 45 Stat. 1223; 1939 Reorg. Plan

No. II, Sec. 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433;

Pub. L. 95-616, Sec. 5(a), Nov. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 3113.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1978 - Pub. L. 95-616 incorporated existing provisions in pars.

(1) and (2) and cls. (A) and (B), made provisions applicable to

interests in approved areas, and inserted authority for purchase or

acquisition for other management purposes.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 715a of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715d-1, 715d-2 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715d-1, 715d-2. Repealed. Pub. L. 89-669, Sec. 8(a), Oct. 15,

1966, 80 Stat. 930

-MISC1-

Sections, act June 15, 1935, ch. 261, title III, Sec. 302, 303,

49 Stat. 382, provided for acceptance of land in exchange for other

land or timber, etc. rights and for acceptance of land in exchange

for patent to nonmineral public land. See section 668dd(b)(3) of

this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715d-3 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715d-3. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, act June 15, 1935, ch. 261, title V, Sec. 501, 49 Stat.

383, authorized President to allocate out of appropriation made to

him by resolution of April 8, 1935, a sum for acquisition of areas

for bird sanctuaries and refuges.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715e 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715e. Examination of title; easements and reservations

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Interior may do all things and make all

expenditures necessary to secure the safe title in the United

States to the areas which may be acquired under this subchapter,

but no payment shall be made for any such areas until the title

thereto shall be satisfactory to the Attorney General or his

designee, but the acquisition of such areas by the United States

shall in no case be defeated because of rights-of-way, easements,

and reservations which from their nature will in the opinion of the

Secretary of the Interior in no manner interfere with the use of

the areas so encumbered for the purposes of this subchapter, but

such rights-of-way, easements, and reservations retained by the

grantor or lessor from whom the United States receives title under

this subchapter or any other Act for the acquisition by the

Secretary of the Interior of areas for wildlife refuges shall be

subject to rules and regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the

Interior for the occupation, use, operation, protection, and

administration of such areas as inviolate sanctuaries for migratory

birds or as refuges for wildlife; and it shall be expressed in the

deed or lease that the use, occupation, and operation of such

rights-of-way, easements, and reservations shall be subordinate to

and subject to such rules and regulations as are set out in such

deed or lease or, if deemed necessary by the Secretary of the

Interior, to such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by him

from time to time.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 6, 45 Stat. 1223; June 15, 1935, ch.

261, title III, Sec. 301, 49 Stat. 381; 1939 Reorg. Plan No. II,

Sec. 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433; Pub. L.

91-393, Sec. 6, Sept. 1, 1970, 84 Stat. 835.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1970 - Pub. L. 91-393 inserted ''or his designee'' after

''Attorney General''.

1935 - Act June 15, 1935, inserted ''under said sections or any

other Act for the acquisition by the Secretary of Agriculture of

areas for wildlife refuges'' and ''or as refuges for wildlife'',

and inserted clause beginning ''as are set out in such deed or

lease or, if deemed necessary'' etc.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 715a of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715e-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715e-1. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, act June 15, 1935, ch. 261, title III, Sec. 304, 49

Stat. 382, applying section 715e of this title to exchanges

effected under former sections 715d-1 and 715d-2, has been omitted

due to the repeal of sections 715d-1 and 715d-2 by Pub. L. 89-669,

Sec. 8(a), Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 930.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715f 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715f. Consent of State to conveyance in fee

-STATUTE-

No deed or instrument of conveyance in fee shall be accepted by

the Secretary of the Interior under this subchapter unless the

State in which the area lies shall have consented by law to the

acquisition by the United States of lands in that State.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 7, 45 Stat. 1223; 1939 Reorg. Plan

No. II, Sec. 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433;

Pub. L. 103-434, title XIII, Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4565.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-434 inserted ''in fee'' after ''conveyance''.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 715a of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715g 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715g. Jurisdiction of State over areas acquired

-STATUTE-

The jurisdiction of the State, both civil and criminal, over

persons upon areas acquired under this subchapter shall not be

affected or changed by reason of their acquisition and

administration by the United States as migratory-bird reservations,

except so far as the punishment of offenses against the United

States is concerned.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 8, 45 Stat. 1224.)

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715h 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715h. Operation of State game laws

-STATUTE-

Nothing in this subchapter is intended to interfere with the

operation of the game laws of the several States applying to

migratory game birds insofar as they do not permit what is

forbidden by Federal law.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 9, 45 Stat. 1224.)

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715i 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715i. Administration

-STATUTE-

(a) Treaty obligations; rules and regulations

Areas of lands, waters, or interests therein acquired or reserved

pursuant to this subchapter shall, unless otherwise provided by

law, be administered by the Secretary of the Interior under rules

and regulations prescribed by him to conserve and protect migratory

birds in accordance with treaty obligations with Mexico, Canada,

Japan, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and other

species of wildlife found thereon, including species that are

listed pursuant to section 1533 of this title as endangered species

or threatened species, and to restore or develop adequate wildlife

habitat.

(b) Management and public and private agency agreements

authorization

In administering such areas, the Secretary is authorized to

manage timber, range, and agricultural crops; to manage other

species of animals, including but not limited to fenced range

animals, with the objectives of perpetuating, distributing, and

utilizing the resources; and to enter into agreements with public

and private agencies.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 10, 45 Stat. 1224; 1939 Reorg. Plan

No. II, Sec. 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433;

Pub. L. 89-669, Sec. 7(b), Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 929; Pub. L.

93-205, Sec. 13(b), Dec. 28, 1973, 87 Stat. 902; Pub. L. 95-616,

Sec. 5(b), Nov. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 3114.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1978 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95-616 provided for treaty

obligations with Japan and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

1973 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 93-205 substituted ''listed pursuant

to section 1533 of this title as endangered species or threatened

species,'' for ''threatened with extinction,''.

1966 - Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 89-669 added subsecs. (a) and

(b). Former paragraph prohibited acts on acquired areas and is now

covered by section 668dd(c) and (d)(1) of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1973 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 93-205 effective Dec. 28, 1973, see section

16 of Pub. L. 93-205, set out as a note under section 1531 of this

title.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 715a of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715j 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715j. ''Migratory birds'' defined

-STATUTE-

For the purposes of this subchapter and the Migratory Bird Treaty

Act (16 U.S.C. 703 et seq.), migratory birds are those defined as

such by the treaty between the United States and Great Britain for

the protection of migratory birds concluded August 16, 1916 (39

Stat. 1702), the treaty between the United States and the United

Mexican States for the protection of migratory birds and game

mammals concluded February 7, 1936 (50 Stat. 1311), the Convention

between the Government of the United States of America and the

Government of Japan for the Protection of Migratory Birds and Birds

in Danger of Extinction, and their Environment concluded March 4,

1972, and the Convention between the United States and the Union of

Soviet Socialist Republics for the Conservation of Migratory Birds

and their Environment concluded November 19, 1976.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 11, 45 Stat. 1224; Pub. L. 89-669,

Sec. 7(c), Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 930; Pub. L. 95-616, Sec. 5(c),

Nov. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 3114.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Migratory Bird Treaty Act, referred to in text, is act July

3, 1918, ch. 128, 40 Stat. 755, as amended, which is classified

generally to subchapter II (Sec. 703 et seq.) of this chapter. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 710 of

this title and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1978 - Pub. L. 95-616 defined migratory birds for purposes of the

Migratory Bird Treaty Act and to include those defined in the

Convention of Mar. 4, 1972, concluded with Government of Japan and

the Convention of Nov. 19, 1976, concluded with Union of Soviet

Socialist Republics.

1966 - Pub. L. 89-669 inserted ''(39 Stat. 1702)'' and defined

migratory birds to include those defined in the Treaty of Feb. 7,

1936 (50 Stat. 1311) with the United Mexican States.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715k 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715k. Authorization of appropriations for purposes of

subchapter; disposal; reservation protectors

-STATUTE-

For the acquisition, including the location, examination, and

survey, of suitable areas of land, water, or land and water, for

use as migratory bird reservations, and necessary expenses incident

thereto, and for the administration, maintenance, and development

of such areas and other preserves, reservations, or breeding

grounds frequented by migratory birds and under the administration

of the Secretary of the Interior, including the construction of

dams, dikes, ditches, flumes, spillways, buildings, and other

necessary improvements, and for the elimination of the loss of

migratory birds from alkali poisoning, oil pollution of waters, or

other causes, for cooperation with local authorities in wildlife

conservation, for investigations and publications relating to North

American birds, for personal services, printing, engraving, and

issuance of circulars, posters, and other necessary matter and for

the enforcement of the provisions of this subchapter, there are

hereby authorized to be appropriated, in addition to all other

amounts authorized by law to be appropriated, $200,000 for the

fiscal year ending June 30, 1940, and for each fiscal year

thereafter. No part of any appropriation authorized by this

section shall be used for payment of the salary, compensation, or

expenses of any United States protector, except reservation

protectors for the administration, maintenance and protection of

such reservations and the birds thereon: Provided, That reservation

protectors appointed under the provisions of this subchapter, shall

be selected, when practicable, from qualified citizens of the State

in which they are to be employed. The Secretary of the Interior is

authorized and directed to make such expenditures and to employ

such means, including personal services in the District of Columbia

and elsewhere, as may be necessary to carry out the foregoing

objects.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 12, 45 Stat. 1224; 1939 Reorg. Plan

No. II, Sec. 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433;

Pub. L. 89-669, Sec. 7(a), Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 929.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Provisions of this section which related to appropriations for

the fiscal year ending June 30, 1930, to June 30, 1939, were

omitted.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1966 - Pub. L. 89-669 substituted ''grounds frequented by

migratory birds'' for ''grounds frequented by migratory game

birds'', and ''United States protector'' for ''United States game

protector''.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 715a of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715k-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715k-1. Expenditures for personal services

-STATUTE-

In the execution of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior is

authorized to make such expenditures for personal services in the

District of Columbia and elsewhere as he shall deem necessary.

-SOURCE-

(June 15, 1935, ch. 261, title VII, Sec. 701, 49 Stat. 384; 1939

Reorg. Plan No. II, Sec. 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53

Stat. 1433.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This Act, referred to in text, probably means the act of June 15,

1935, ch. 261, 49 Stat. 378, as amended, which is classified in

part to certain sections of this subchapter and of subchapter IV of

this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code,

see Tables.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Act June 15, 1935, in addition to the provisions set out in the

text, made an appropriation for the acquisition of lands necessary

to provide for the restoration, rehabilitation and protection of

migratory waterfowl and other wildlife and for the erection and

construction of necessary buildings, dikes, dams, canals, and other

works.

Section was not enacted as part of the Migratory Bird

Conservation Act which comprises this subchapter.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 715a of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715k-2 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715k-2. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, acts June 29, 1937, ch. 404, title I, 50 Stat. 421; June

16, 1938, ch. 464, title I, 52 Stat. 736; June 30, 1939, ch. 253,

title I, 53 Stat. 965, made an earlier specific appropriation

available for maintenance and operation of motor-propelled

passenger-carrying vehicles.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715k-3 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715k-3. Authorization of appropriations for the preservation

of wetlands and other waterfowl habitat

-STATUTE-

In order to promote the conservation of migratory waterfowl and

to offset or prevent the serious loss of important wetlands and

other waterfowl habitat essential to the preservation of such

waterfowl, there is authorized to be appropriated for the period

beginning on July 1, 1961, and ending when all amounts authorized

to be appropriated have been expended, not to exceed $200,000,000.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-383, Sec. 1, Oct. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 813; Pub. L.

90-205, Sec. 1(a), Dec. 15, 1967, 81 Stat. 612; Pub. L. 94-215,

Sec. 2(a), Feb. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 189; Pub. L. 98-200, Sec. 1,

Dec. 2, 1983, 97 Stat. 1378; Pub. L. 98-548, title I, Sec. 101,

Oct. 26, 1984, 98 Stat. 2774; Pub. L. 99-645, title I, Sec. 101(a),

Nov. 10, 1986, 100 Stat. 3584; Pub. L. 100-653, title III, Sec.

301, Nov. 14, 1988, 102 Stat. 3827.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was not enacted as part of the Migratory Bird

Conservation Act which comprises this subchapter.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1988 - Pub. L. 100-653 substituted ''when all amounts authorized

to be appropriated have been expended'' for ''at the close of

September 30, 1988''.

1986 - Pub. L. 99-645 substituted ''September 30, 1988'' for

''September 30, 1986''.

1984 - Pub. L. 98-548 substituted ''September 30, 1986'' for

''September 30, 1984''.

1983 - Pub. L. 98-200 substituted ''September 30, 1984'' for

''September 30, 1983''.

1976 - Pub. L. 94-215 substituted ''period beginning on July 1,

1961, and ending at the close of September 30, 1983, not to exceed

$200,000,000'' for ''fifteen-year period beginning with fiscal year

1962, not to exceed $105,000,000''.

1967 - Pub. L. 90-205 substituted ''fifteen-year period'' for

''seven-year period''.

SHORT TITLE

Pub. L. 87-383, which enacted this section and sections 715k-4

and 715k-5 of this title, is popularly known as the ''Wetlands Loan

Act''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 715k-4 of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715k-4 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715k-4. Accounting and use of appropriations

-STATUTE-

Funds appropriated each fiscal year pursuant to sections 715k-3

to 715k-5 of this title shall be accounted for, added to, and used

for purposes of the migratory bird conservation fund established

pursuant to section 718d of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-383, Sec. 2, Oct. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 813.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was not enacted as part of the Migratory Bird

Conservation Act which comprises this subchapter.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715k-5 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715k-5. Acquisition of lands

-STATUTE-

No land shall be acquired with moneys from the migratory bird

conservation fund unless the acquisition thereof has been approved

by the Governor of the State or appropriate State agency.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-383, Sec. 3, Oct. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 813; Pub. L.

90-205, Sec. 1(b), Dec. 15, 1967, 81 Stat. 612; Pub. L. 94-215,

Sec. 2(b), Feb. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 189; Pub. L. 98-200, Sec. 2,

Dec. 2, 1983, 97 Stat. 1378; Pub. L. 98-548, title I, Sec. 102,

Oct. 26, 1984, 98 Stat. 2774; Pub. L. 99-645, title I, Sec. 101(b),

Nov. 10, 1986, 100 Stat. 3584.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was not enacted as part of the Migratory Bird

Conservation Act which comprises this subchapter.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1986 - Pub. L. 99-645 struck out first three sentences which read

as follows: ''Funds appropriated pursuant to sections 715k-3 to

715k-5 of this title shall be treated as an advance, without

interest, to the migratory bird conservation fund. Such

appropriated funds, beginning on October 1, 1986, shall be repaid

to the Treasury out of the migratory bird conservation fund, such

repayment shall be made in annual amounts comprising 75 per centum

of the moneys accruing annually to such fund. In the event the

full amount authorized by section 715k-3 of this title is

appropriated before October 1, 1986, the repayment of such funds

pursuant to this section shall begin with the next full fiscal

year.''

1984 - Pub. L. 98-548 substituted ''October 1, 1986'' for

''October 1, 1984'' in two places.

1983 - Pub. L. 98-200 substituted ''October 1, 1984'' for

''October 1, 1983'' in two places.

1976 - Pub. L. 94-215 substituted ''on October 1, 1983'' for

''with fiscal year 1977'', ''before October 1, 1983'' for ''prior

to the end of the aforesaid fifteen-year period'' and ''year. No''

for ''year: Provided further, That no''.

1967 - Pub. L. 90-205 made minor structural changes and

substituted ''1977'' for ''1969'' and ''fifteen-year period'' for

''seven-year period''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 715k-4 of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715l, 715m 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715l, 715m. Repealed. Pub. L. 89-669, Sec. 7(d), Oct. 15,

1966, 80 Stat. 930

-MISC1-

Sections, act Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 13, 14, 45 Stat. 1225,

related to: execution of provisions, powers and duties of United

States judges, commissioners and employees of Department of the

Interior; and penalty for violation of provisions. See section

668dd(f) and (e) of this title, respectively.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715n 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715n. ''Take'' defined

-STATUTE-

For the purposes of this subchapter the word ''take'' shall be

construed to mean pursue, hunt, shoot, capture, collect, kill, or

attempt to pursue, hunt, shoot, capture, collect, or kill, unless

the context otherwise requires.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 15, 45 Stat. 1225.)

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715o 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715o. National forest and power sites; use for migratory bird

reservations

-STATUTE-

Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed as authorizing or

empowering the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission herein

created, the Secretary of the Interior, or any other board,

commission, or officer, to declare, withdraw, or determine, except

heretofore designated, any part of any national forest or power

site, a migratory bird reservation under any of the provisions of

this subchapter, except by and with the consent of the legislature

of the State wherein such forest or power site is located.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 16, 45 Stat. 1225; 1939 Reorg. Plan

No. II, Sec. 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Herein created, referred to in text, means created by section

715a of this title.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 715a of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715p 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715p. Cooperation of State in enforcement of provisions

-STATUTE-

When any State shall, by suitable legislation, make provision

adequately to enforce the provisions of this subchapter and all

regulations promulgated thereunder, the Secretary of the Interior

may so certify, and then and thereafter said State may cooperate

with the Secretary of the Interior in the enforcement of this

subchapter and the regulations thereunder.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 17, 45 Stat. 1225; 1939 Reorg. Plan

No. II, Sec. 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433.)

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 715a of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715q 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715q. Expenses of commission; authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

A sum sufficient to pay the necessary expenses of the commission

and its members, not to exceed an annual expenditure of $7,500, is

authorized to be appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not

otherwise appropriated. Said appropriation shall be paid out on

the audit and order of the chairman of said commission, which audit

and order shall be conclusive and binding upon the General

Accounting Office as to the correctness of the accounts of said

commission.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 18, 45 Stat. 1225; Pub. L. 87-812,

Oct. 15, 1962, 76 Stat. 922.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1962 - Pub. L. 87-812 increased annual expenditures from not more

than $5,000 to not more than $7,500 and corrected a misspelling of

''commission''.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715r 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715r. Partial invalidity; validity of remainder

-STATUTE-

If any provision of this subchapter or the application thereof to

any person or circumstance is held invalid the validity of the

remainder of this subchapter and of the application of such

provision to other persons and circumstances shall not be affected

thereby.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, Sec. 19, 45 Stat. 1226.)

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 715s 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER III - MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 715s. Participation of local governments in revenue from areas

administered by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service

-STATUTE-

(a) Separate fund in the United States Treasury; availability of

funds until expended; ''National Wildlife Refuge System''

defined

Beginning with the next full fiscal year and for each fiscal year

thereafter, all revenues received by the Secretary of the Interior

from the sale or other disposition of animals, salmonoid carcassas,

(FOOTNOTE 1) timber, hay, grass, or other products of the soil,

minerals, shells, sand, or gravel, from other privileges, or from

leases for public accommodations or facilities incidental to but

not in conflict with the basic purposes for which those areas of

the National Wildlife Refuge System were established, during each

fiscal year in connection with the operation and management of

those areas of the National Wildlife Refuge System, National Fish

Hatcheries, or other areas, that are solely or primarily

administered by him, through the United States Fish and Wildlife

Service, shall be covered into the United States Treasury and be

reserved in a separate fund for disposition as hereafter

prescribed. Amounts in the fund shall remain available until

expended, and may be expended by the Secretary without further

appropriation in the manner hereafter prescribed. The National

Wildlife Refuge System (hereafter referred to as the ''system'')

includes those lands and waters administered by the Secretary as

wildlife refuges, lands acquired or reserved for the protection and

conservation of fish and wildlife that are listed pursuant to

section 1533 of this title as endangered species or threatened

species, wildlife ranges, game ranges, wildlife management areas,

and waterfowl production areas established under any law,

proclamation. Executive, or public land order.

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Probably should be ''carcasses,''.

(b) Deduction of expenses

The Secretary may pay from the fund any necessary expenses

incurred by him in connection with the revenue-producing and

revenue-sharing measures.

(c) Payment to counties

(1) The Secretary shall pay out the fund, for each fiscal year

beginning with the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979, to each

county in which is situated any fee area whichever of the following

amounts is greater:

(A) An amount equal to the product of 75 cents multiplied by

the total acreage of that portion of the fee area which is

located within such county.

(B) An amount equal to three-fourths of 1 per centum of the

fair market value, as determined by the Secretary, of that

portion of the fee area (excluding any improvements thereto made

after the date of Federal acquisition) which is located within

such county.

(C) An amount equal to 25 per centum of the net receipts

collected by the Secretary in connection with the operation and

management of such fee area during such fiscal year; but if a fee

area is located in two or more counties, the amount each such

county is entitled to shall be the amount which bears to such 25

per centum the same ratio as that portion of the fee area acreage

which is within such county bears to the total acreage of such

fee area.

(2) At the end of each fiscal year the Secretary shall pay out of

the fund for such fiscal year to each county in which any reserve

area is situated, an amount equal to 25 per centum of the net

receipts collected by the Secretary in connection with the

operation and management of such area during such fiscal year:

Provided, That when any such area is situated in more than one

county the distributive share to each county from the aforesaid

receipts shall be proportional to its acreage of such reserve area.

(3) For purposes of this section, the Commonwealth of Puerto

Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands shall each be treated as a

county.

(4)(A) For purposes of determining the fair market value of fee

areas under paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary shall -

(i) appraise before September 30, 1979, all fee areas for which

payments under this section were not authorized for fiscal years

occurring before October 1, 1977; and

(ii) appraise all other fee areas, within five years after

October 17, 1978, in the order in which such areas were first

established by the Service.

After initial appraisal under clause (i) or (ii), each fee area

shall thereafter be reappraised by the Secretary at least once

during each five-year period occurring after the date of the

initial appraisal. Until any fee area referred to in clause (ii)

is initially appraised under this subparagraph, the fair market

value of such area shall be deemed to be that adjusted cost of the

area which was used to determine payments under this subsection for

fiscal year 1977; and in no case may the amount of any payment to

any local government under paragraph (1)(B) with respect to any fee

area be less than the amount paid under paragraph (2)(A) of this

subsection (as in effect on September 30, 1977) with respect to

such area.

(B) The Secretary shall make the determinations required under

this subsection in such manner as the Secretary considers to be

equitable and in the public interest. All such determinations

shall be final and conclusive.

(5)(A) Each county which receives payments under paragraphs (1)

and (2) with respect to any fee area or reserve area shall

distribute, under guidelines established by the Secretary, such

payments on a proportional basis to those units of local government

(including, but not limited to, school districts and the county

itself in appropriate cases) which have incurred the loss or

reduction of real property tax revenues by reason of the existence

of such area. In any case in which a unit of local government

other than the county acts as the collecting and distributing

agency for real property taxes, the payments under paragraphs (1)

and (2) shall be made to such other unit which shall distribute the

payments in accordance with the guidelines.

(B) The Secretary may prescribe regulations under which payments

under this paragraph may be made to units of local government in

cases in which subparagraph (A) will not effect the purposes of

this paragraph.

(C) Payments received by units of local government under this

subsection may be used by such units for any governmental purpose.

(d) Authorization of appropriations equal to difference between

amount of net receipts and aggregate amount of required

payments

If the net receipts in the fund which are attributable to revenue

collections for any fiscal year do not equal the aggregate amount

of payments required to be made for such fiscal year under

subsection (c) of this section to counties, there are authorized to

be appropriated to the fund an amount equal to the difference

between the total amount of net receipts and such aggregate amount

of payments.

(e) Transfer and use of excess of net receipts over aggregate

amount of required payments

If the net receipts in the fund which are attributable to revenue

collections for any fiscal year exceed the aggregate amount of

payments required to be made for such fiscal year under subsection

(c) of this section to counties, the amount of such excess shall be

transferred to the Migratory Bird Conservation Fund for use in the

acquisition of suitable areas for migratory bird refuges under the

provisions of the Migratory Bird Conservation Act (16 U.S.C.

715-715r).

(f) Terms, conditions, and regulations for execution of revenue

producing activities; disposal of animals

The Secretary shall carry out any revenue producing activity

referred to in subsection (a)(1), (2), and (3) of this section

within any fee area or reserve area subject to such terms,

conditions, or regulations, including sales in the open markets, as

the Secretary determines to be in the best interest of the United

States. The Secretary may, in accordance with such regulations as

the Secretary may prescribe, dispose of animals which are surplus

to any such area by exchange of the same or other kinds, gift or

loan to public institutions for exhibition or propagation purposes,

and for the advancement of knowledge and the dissemination of

information relating to the conservation of wildlife.

(g) Definitions

As used in this section -

(1) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of the Interior.

(2) The term ''fee area'' means any area which was acquired in

fee by the United States and is administered, either solely or

primarily, by the Secretary through the Service.

(3) The term ''reserve area'' means any area of land withdrawn

from the public domain and administered, either solely or

primarily, by the Secretary through the Service.

(4) The term ''Service'' means the United States Fish and

Wildlife Service.

(5) The term ''county'' means any county, parish, or organized

or unorganized borough.

-SOURCE-

(June 15, 1935, ch. 261, title IV, Sec. 401, 49 Stat. 383; 1939

Reorg. Plan No. II, Sec. 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53

Stat. 1433; 1940 Reorg. Plan No. III, Sec. 3, eff. June 30, 1940,

5 F.R. 2108, 54 Stat. 1232; Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 654, Sec. 2(13), 65

Stat. 707; Pub. L. 88-523, Aug. 30, 1964, 78 Stat. 701; Pub. L.

89-669, Sec. 8(b), Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 930; Pub. L. 93-205,

Sec. 13(b), Dec. 28, 1973, 87 Stat. 902; Pub. L. 93-509, Sec. 4,

Dec. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1603; Pub. L. 95-469, Sec. 1(a), Oct. 17,

1978, 92 Stat. 1319; Pub. L. 97-258, Sec. 5(b), Sept. 13, 1982, 96

Stat. 1068.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Beginning with the next full fiscal year and for each fiscal year

thereafter, referred to in subsec. (a), probably means the next

full fiscal year following Aug. 30, 1964, the date of enactment of

Pub. L. 88-523, which amended this section.

The Migratory Bird Conservation Act, referred to in subsec. (e),

is act Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, 45 Stat. 1222, as amended, which is

classified generally to this subchapter. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see section 715 of this

title and Tables.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

The reference in subsec. (f) to ''revenue producing activity

referred to in subsection (a)(1), (2), and (3) of this section'',

enacted as an amendment to subsec. (f) by section 1(a)(3) of Pub.

L. 95-469, is a reference to the proposed amendment as set out on

pg. 1 of House Report No. 95-1197 of the 95th Congress, 2d Session,

May 15, 1978, and reading in part:

''(a) All revenues received during each fiscal year by the

Secretary in connection with the operation and management of fee

areas and reserve areas from -

''(1) the sale or disposition of animals, salmonoid carcasses,

products of the soil (including, but not limited to, timber, hay,

and grass), minerals (including, but not limited to, crude

petroleum and natural gas), shells, sand, and gravel;

''(2) leases for public accommodations or facilities incidental

to, but not in conflict with, the major purposes of such areas;

and

''(3) other privileges;

shall be covered'' which was not enacted by the Congress but

subsec. (a) was amended as provided in the 1978 Amendment note

below.

Section was not enacted as part of the ''Migratory Bird

Conservation Act'' which comprises this subchapter.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1982 - Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 97-258 struck out subsec. (h) which

had provided for administration of payments to local governments

for entitlement lands, reserve areas as entitlement lands, and

payments received by any unit of local government to be deemed

payments under specified provisions. See sections 6901 and 6903 of

Title 31, Money and Finance.

1978 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95-469, Sec. 1(a)(1), authorized the

separate fund in the United States Treasury to include revenues

from sale or other disposition of salmonoid carcasses and extended

the operation and management provision to areas of National Fish

Hatcheries and other areas administered by the Secretary.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95-469, Sec. 1(a)(2), substituted

''revenue-producing and revenue-sharing measures'' for

''revenue-producing measures set forth in subsection (a) of this

section''.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95-469, Sec. 1(a)(3), in revising subsec.

(c), substituted pars. (1) to (5) for prior text consisting of:

introductory text authorizing expenditures solely for benefit of

public schools and roads, now covered in par. (5)(C); par. (1) of

first sentence, now included in par. (2); par. (2) of first

sentence, now covered in pars. (1)(B), (C) and (4) in part; and

second sentence now incorporated in par. (4)(B).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 95-469, Sec. 1(a)(3), substituted provision

for authorization of appropriations equal to difference between

amount of net receipts and aggregate amount of required payments

for prior provision limiting amount payable to the counties to

amount of net receipts in the fund for any fiscal year and a

proportionate reduction of payments when net receipts are

insufficient for aggregate amount of payments for any fiscal year.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 95-469, Sec. 1(a)(3), in revising subsec.

(e), substituted provision authorizing use of surplus funds for

acquisition of suitable areas for migratory bird refuges for prior

provision making remaining funds available for such land

acquisition and eliminated provision prohibiting funds available

for the Management of the National Wildlife Refuge System or for

enforcement of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act from being diminished

by the amendments made by Pub. L. 93-509 to this subsection unless

by specific congressional enactment.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 95-469, Sec. 1(a)(3), substituted ''The

Secretary shall carry out any revenue producing activity referred

to in subsection (a)(1), (2), and (3) of this section within any

fee area or reserve area subject to such terms, conditions, or

regulations, including sales in the open markets, as the Secretary

determines to be in the best interest of the United States.'' for

''The disposition or sale of surplus animals, minerals, and other

products, the grant of privileges, and the carrying out of any

other activities that result in the collection of revenues within

any areas of the System may be accomplished upon such terms,

conditions, or regulations, including sale in the open markets, as

the Secretary shall determine to be in the best interest of the

United States.'' and reenacted substance of second sentence,

setting out provision for regulations at beginning rather than end

of sentence.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 95-469, Sec. 1(a)(3), substituted

definitions of certain terms for prior provision for supersedure by

Pub. L. 88-523 of repealed paragraph of ''Management of National

Wildlife Refuges'' in the General Appropriation Act, 1951, approved

Sept. 6, 1950 (64 Stat. 595, 693 to 694).

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 95-469, Sec. 1(a)(4), added subsec. (h).

1974 - Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 93-509 substituted provisions that

moneys remaining in the fund after all payments under this section

are made for any fiscal year shall be transferred to the Migratory

Bird Conservation Fund and shall be available for land acquisition

under the Migratory Bird Conservation Act with exception that the

funds available for the management of the National Wildlife Refuge

System or for enforcement of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act shall

not be diminished for provisions that moneys remaining in the fund

after all payments are made for any fiscal year may be used by the

Secretary thereafter for management of the System, including but

not limited to the construction, improvement, repair, and

alteration of buildings, roads, and other facilities, and for

enforcement of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.

1973 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 93-205 substituted ''listed pursuant

to section 1533 of this title as endangered species or threatened

species,'' for ''threatened with extinction,''.

1966 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89-669 defined the National Wildlife

Refuge System to include lands acquired or reserved for the

protection and conservation of fish and wildlife that are

threatened with extinction.

1964 - Pub. L. 88-523 substituted provisions designated as

subsecs. (a) to (g) for former provisions constituting one

paragraph consisting of a first clause with three provisos and a

second clause; required in subsec. (a) all receipts from the

National Wildlife Refuge System to be covered into a separate fund

in the United States Treasury, made the fund available until

expended, provided for expenditures without further appropriation,

and defined the National Wildlife Refuge System; incorporated the

third proviso of the first clause and the second clause in subsec.

(b) and the parenthetical matter of subsec. (c); incorporated in

the reserved public lands provision of subsec. (c)(1) the formula

of the first clause for returning twenty-five per centum of the net

revenues from the System to the counties in which the producing

refuges are located for the benefit of the public schools and roads

therein; incorporated the first proviso of the first clause in

subsec. (c)(1) proviso; substituted subsec. (c)(2) providing an

option plan for payment of either 25 per centum of the net receipts

from lands acquired in fee by the United States to the counties in

which such acquired lands are located or three-fourths of 1 per

centum of the adjusted cost of the acquired lands, whichever is

higher, for the formula of the first clause for returning 25 per

centum of the revenues; inserted provisions of subsecs. (d), (e),

and (g); and incorporated the second proviso of the first clause in

subsec. (f).

1951 - Act Oct. 31, 1951, in second proviso, inserted reference

to application regulations of the Federal Property and

Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended, and, in third

proviso, inserted reference to section 485 of Title 40.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT; FISCAL YEAR OF AVAILABILITY OF

APPROPRIATION AUTHORIZATION

Section 2 of Pub. L. 95-469 provided that: ''The amendments made

by this Act (amending this section and sections 1603, 1605 and 1606

of former Title 31, Money and Finance), shall apply with respect to

payments made to counties under title IV of the Act of June 15,

1935 (this section), for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979,

and for fiscal years thereafter; except that the amendments made to

such title IV (this section) which amend section 401(a) and (g),

add paragraph (4) to section 401(c) (subsecs. (a) and (g), and

(c)(4) of this section), and amend the title heading (of this

section) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act

(Oct. 17, 1978). No authorization for appropriation shall be

available under this Act before the fiscal year ending September

30, 1980.''

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1973 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 93-205 effective Dec. 28, 1973, see section

16 of Pub. L. 93-205, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 1531 of this title.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and

agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to

Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan

No. 3 of 1950, Sec. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64

Stat. 1262, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees.

Reorg. Plan No. III of 1940, set out in the Appendix to Title 5,

consolidated Bureau of Fisheries and Bureau of Biological Survey,

with their respective functions, into one agency in Department of

the Interior to be known as the Fish and Wildlife Service.

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 715a of this title.

-MISC5-

REFUGE REVENUE SHARING

Pub. L. 105-83, title I, Sec. 132, Nov. 14, 1997, 111 Stat. 1570,

provided that: ''Notwithstanding any other provision of law,

hereafter the United States Fish and Wildlife Service may disburse

to local entities impact funding pursuant to Refuge Revenue Sharing

that is associated with Federal real property transferred to the

United States Geological Survey from the United States Fish and

Wildlife Service.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 666g, 1535 of this title;

title 31 sections 6901, 6903.

-CITE-

16 USC SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX

-SECREF-

SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in sections 668dd, 670b, 670i of

this title; title 18 section 504; title 25 section 564w-1.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 718 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX

-HEAD-

Sec. 718. Definitions

-STATUTE-

(a) Terms defined in the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703

et seq.), or the Migratory Bird Conservation Act (16 U.S.C. 715 et

seq.), shall, when used in this subchapter, have the meaning

assigned to such terms in such Acts, respectively.

(b) As used in this subchapter (1) the term ''migratory

waterfowl'' means the species enumerated in paragraph (a) of

subdivision 1 of article I of the treaty between the United States

and Great Britain for the protection of migratory birds concluded

August 16, 1916 (39 Stat. 1702); (2) the term ''State'' includes

the several States and Territories of the United States and the

District of Columbia; and (3) the term ''take'' means pursue, hunt,

shoot, capture, collect, or kill, or attempt to pursue, hunt,

shoot, capture, collect, or kill.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 16, 1934, ch. 71, Sec. 9, 48 Stat. 452.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Migratory Bird Treaty Act, referred to in subsec. (a), is act

July 3, 1918, ch. 128, 40 Stat. 755, as amended, which is

classified generally to subchapter II (Sec. 703 et seq.) of this

chapter 7 of this title. For complete classification of this Act

to the Code, see section 710 of this title and Tables.

The Migratory Bird Conservation Act, referred to in subsec. (a),

is act Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, 45 Stat. 1222, as amended, which is

classified generally to subchapter III (Sec. 715 et seq.) of

chapter 7 of this title. For complete classification of this Act

to the Code, see section 715 of this title and Tables.

-MISC2-

SHORT TITLE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 105-269, Sec. 1, Oct. 19, 1998, 112 Stat. 2381, provided

that: ''This Act (amending section 718d of this title) may be cited

as the 'Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp Promotion

Act'.''

SHORT TITLE

Act of Mar. 16, 1934, ch. 71, 48 Stat. 451, as amended, which is

classified generally to this subchapter, is popularly known as the

''Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act'' and also as the ''Duck Stamp

Act''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 718e of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 718a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX

-HEAD-

Sec. 718a. Hunting and conservation stamp for taking migratory

waterfowl

-STATUTE-

No person who has attained the age of sixteen years shall take

any migratory waterfowl unless at the time of such taking he

carries on his person an unexpired Federal migratory-bird hunting

and conservation stamp validated by his signature written by

himself in ink across the face of the stamp prior to his taking

such birds; except that no such stamp shall be required for the

taking of migratory waterfowl by Federal or State institutions or

official agencies, or for propagation, or by the resident owner,

tenant, or share cropper of the property or officially designated

agencies of the Department of the Interior for the killing, under

such restrictions as the Secretary of the Interior may by

regulation prescribe, of such waterfowl when found injuring crops

or other property. Any person to whom a stamp has been sold under

section 718b of this title shall upon request exhibit such stamp

for inspection to any officer or employee of the Department of the

Interior authorized to enforce the provisions of this subchapter or

to any officer of any State or any political subdivision thereof

authorized to enforce game laws.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 16, 1934, ch. 71, Sec. 1, 48 Stat. 451; June 15, 1935, ch.

261, title I, Sec. 1, 49 Stat. 378; 1939 Reorg. Plan No. II, Sec.

4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433; July 30,

1956, ch. 782, Sec. 1, 70 Stat. 722; Pub. L. 94-215, Sec. 3(a),

Feb. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 189.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1976 - Pub. L. 94-215 substituted ''hunting and conservation

stamp'' for ''hunting stamp'' in first sentence.

1956 - Act July 30, 1956, substituted ''no person who has

attained the age of sixteen years'', for ''no person over sixteen

years of age''.

1935 - Act June 15, 1935, substituted ''validated by his

signature written by himself in ink across the face of the stamp

prior to his taking such birds'' for ''issued to him in the manner

hereinafter provided,'' and struck out provisions which authorized

the Secretary of Agriculture to adopt and promulgate regulations

for the protection of private property in the injury of crops.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, set out in the Appendix to Title 5,

Government Organization and Employees, transferred functions of

Secretary of Agriculture relating to conservation of wildlife,

game, and migratory birds to Secretary of the Interior.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 670i, 718b, 718e of this

title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 718b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX

-HEAD-

Sec. 718b. Issuance and sale of stamps; deposit of funds in

migratory bird conservation fund; fees; validity; expiration;

redemption; ''retail dealers'' and ''hunting year'' defined

-STATUTE-

(a) Sales; fund disposition; unsold stamps

The stamps required by section 718a of this title shall be issued

and sold by the Postal Service and may be sold by the Department of

the Interior, pursuant to regulations prescribed jointly by the

Postal Service and the Secretary of the Interior, at (1) each post

office of the first- and second-class, and (2) any establishment,

facility, or location as the Postal Service and the Secretary of

the Interior shall direct or authorize. The funds received from

the sale of such stamps by the Department of the Interior shall be

deposited in the migratory bird conservation fund in accordance

with the provisions of section 718d of this title. Except as

provided in subsection (b) of this section, for each stamp sold

under the provisions of this section for any hunting year there

shall be collected by the Postal Service a sum of not less than $3

and not more than $5 as determined by the Secretary of the Interior

after taking into consideration, among other matters, the increased

cost of lands needed for the conservation of migratory birds. No

such stamp shall be valid under any circumstances to authorize the

taking of migratory waterfowl except in compliance with Federal and

State laws and regulations and then only when the person so taking

such waterfowl shall himself have written his signature in ink

across the face of the stamp prior to such taking. Such stamps

shall be usable as migratory-bird hunting stamps only during the

year for which issued. The Postal Service, pursuant to regulations

prescribed by it, shall provide for the redemption, on or before

the 30th day of June of each year, of blocks composed of two or

more attached unused stamps issued for such year (A) that were sold

on consignment to any person, including, but not limited to, retail

dealers for resale to their customers, and (B) that have not been

resold by any such person. As used in this section, the term

''retail dealers'' means persons regularly engaged in the business

of retailing hunting or fishing equipment, and persons duly

authorized to act as agents of a State or political subdivision

thereof for the sale of State or county hunting or fishing

licenses.

(b) Cost of stamp

The Postal Service shall collect $10.00 for each stamp sold under

the provisions of this section for hunting years 1987 and 1988,

$12.50 for hunting years 1989 and 1990, and $15.00 for each hunting

year thereafter, if the Secretary of the Interior determines, at

any time before February 1 of the calendar year in which such

hunting year begins, that all sums in the migratory bird

conservation fund available for obligation and attributable to -

(1) amounts appropriated pursuant to this subchapter for the

fiscal year ending in the immediately preceding calendar year;

and

(2) the sale of stamps under this section during such fiscal

year

have been obligated for expenditure. For purposes of this section,

the term ''hunting year'' means the 12-month period beginning on

July 1 of any such year.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 16, 1934, ch. 71, Sec. 2, 48 Stat. 451; June 15, 1935, ch.

261, title I, Sec. 2, 49 Stat. 379; Aug. 12, 1949, ch. 421, Sec. 1,

63 Stat. 599; July 30, 1956, ch. 782, Sec. 2, 3(b), 70 Stat. 722;

Pub. L. 85-585, Sec. 1, Aug. 1, 1958, 72 Stat. 486; Pub. L. 92-214,

Sec. 1, 2, Dec. 22, 1971, 85 Stat. 777; Pub. L. 94-215, Sec. 3(b),

(c), Feb. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 189; Pub. L. 94-273, Sec. 34, Apr. 21,

1976, 90 Stat. 380; Pub. L. 95-552, Sec. 1, Oct. 30, 1978, 92 Stat.

2071; Pub. L. 95-616, Sec. 7(a), Nov. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 3114; Pub.

L. 99-625, Sec. 3, Nov. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 3502; Pub. L. 99-645,

title II, Sec. 202, Nov. 10, 1986, 100 Stat. 3586.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1986 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99-645, Sec. 202(1), (2), in

introductory provisions, substituted ''$10.00 for each stamp sold

under the provisions of this section for hunting years 1987 and

1988, $12.50 for hunting years 1989 and 1990, and $15.00 for each

hunting year thereafter, if'' for ''$7.50 for each stamp sold under

the provisions of this section for any hunting year if''.

Pub. L. 99-625 and Pub. L. 99-645, Sec. 202(3), amended subsec.

(b) identically, inserting ''available for obligation'' before

''attributable to''.

1978 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95-616 substituted ''June'' for

''September'' in sixth sentence.

Pub. L. 95-552, Sec. 1(1), (2), designated existing provisions as

subsec. (a), inserted in third sentence introductory text ''Except

as provided in subsection (b) of this section,'' and ''for any

hunting year'' before ''there shall be collected''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95-552, Sec. 1(3), added subsec. (b).

1976 - Pub. L. 94-273 substituted ''the year'' for ''the fiscal

year'' and ''each year'' for ''each fiscal year''.

Pub. L. 94-215 authorized sale of stamps by the Department of the

Interior, substituted provision for prescription of regulations

jointly by the Postal Service and the Secretary of the Interior for

prior provision for such prescription by the Postal Service and

provision for sale of stamps at any establishment, facility, or

location as the Postal Service and the Secretary of the Interior

shall direct and authorize for prior provision for sale of stamps

at such post offices other than first- and second-class post

offices as the Postal Service shall direct and inserted provision

respecting deposit of funds from sale of stamps by the Department

of the Interior in the migratory bird conservation fund; and

substituted ''September'' for ''June'' in relation to redemption of

blocks of stamps, designated existing provisions as cls. (A) and

(B), and substituted ''consignment to any person, including, but

not limited to, ''retail dealers'' for ''consignment to retail

dealers'' in cl. (A) and ''by any such person'' for ''by such

dealers'' in cl. (B), respectively.

1971 - Pub. L. 92-214 substituted ''Postal Service'' for ''Post

Office Department'' and ''Postmaster General'' and inserted

provisions authorizing the collection of up to $5 for each stamp

sold to be determined by the Secretary of the Interior after taking

into consideration, among other matters, the increased cost of

lands needed for the conservation of migratory birds.

1958 - Pub. L. 85-585 increased cost of stamp from $2 to $3.

1956 - Act July 30, 1956, Sec. 2, struck out in existing next to

last sentence requirement that stamps remaining unsold by the Post

Office Department subsequent to becoming void after the 30th day of

June next succeeding issuance be destroyed, substituted provisions

in existing last sentence relating to redemption of blocks of

unused stamps sold on consignment to retail dealers for resale to

their customers, for provisions prohibiting the redemption by the

Department in cash or kind of stamps sold under this Act, and

inserted sentence defining ''retail dealers''. For further

amendment of next to last sentence of this section, see section

3(b) of act July 30, 1956, set out below.

Act July 30, 1956, Sec. 3(b), substituted provisions in fourth

sentence authorizing use as migratory-bird stamps only during

fiscal year for which issued, for provisions requiring stamps to

expire and be void after the 30th day of June next succeeding

issuance. Amendment of fourth sentence by section 3(b) further

amends amendments made to next to last sentence by section 2 of act

July 30, 1956, as set out above.

1949 - Act Aug. 12, 1949, increased cost of stamp from $1 to $2.

1935 - Act June 15, 1935, amended section generally.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1958 AMENDMENT

Section 4 of Pub. L. 85-585 provided that: ''The amendment made

by the first section of this Act (amending this section) shall

become effective on July 1, 1959. The amendment made by section 2

of this Act (amending section 718d of this title) making available

the net proceeds of all moneys received in the migratory bird

conservation fund for the location, ascertainment, and acquisition

of Waterfowl Production Areas and suitable areas for migratory bird

refuges shall become effective on July 1, 1960. The remaining

amendments made by this Act (amending section 718d of this title)

shall become effective on the date of the enactment of this Act

(Aug. 1, 1958). Any unobligated balance remaining in the migratory

bird conservation fund on June 30, 1960, shall thereafter be

available for expenditure only for the purposes specified in the

Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act of March 16, 1934 (this

subchapter), as amended by this Act.''

SPENDING OF STAMP MONEY

Section 1 of act Aug. 12, 1949, provided in part: ''That the

moneys derived from the sale of such stamps shall be spent only

upon specific appropriation by the Congress.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 718a, 718e, 3911 of this

title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 718b-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX

-HEAD-

Sec. 718b-1. Disposition of unsold stamps; collectors' supply;

destruction of surplus

-STATUTE-

On or after July 30, 1956, such quantity of migratory-bird

hunting stamps, not sold at the end of the fiscal year for which

issued, as determined by the Postal Service to be (1) required to

supply the market for sale to collectors, and (2) in suitable

condition for such sale to collectors, shall be turned over to the

Philatelic Agency and therein placed on sale. Any surplus stock of

such migratory-bird hunting stamps may be destroyed in such manner

as the Postal Service shall direct.

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1956, ch. 782, Sec. 3(a), 70 Stat. 722; Pub. L. 92-214,

Sec. 3, Dec. 22, 1971, 85 Stat. 777.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was not enacted as part of act Mar. 16, 1934, which

comprises this subchapter.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1971 - Pub. L. 92-214 substituted ''Postal Service'' for

''Postmaster General''.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 718c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX

-HEAD-

Sec. 718c. Compliance with treaty or convention regulations and

State game laws

-STATUTE-

Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed to authorize any

person to take any migratory waterfowl otherwise than in accordance

with regulations adopted and approved pursuant to any treaty or

convention heretofore or hereafter entered into between the United

States and any other country for the protection of migratory birds,

nor to exempt any person from complying with the game laws of the

several States.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 16, 1934, ch. 71, Sec. 3, 48 Stat. 451; Pub. L. 95-616, Sec.

7(b), Nov. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 3114.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1978 - Pub. L. 95-616 provided for convention regulations.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 718e of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 718d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX

-HEAD-

Sec. 718d. Disposition of receipts from sale of stamps

-STATUTE-

All moneys received for such stamps shall be accounted for by the

Postal Service or the Department of the Interior, whichever is

appropriate, and paid into the Treasury of the United States, and

shall be reserved and set aside as a special fund to be known as

the migratory bird conservation fund, to be administered by the

Secretary of the Interior. All moneys received into such fund are

appropriated for the following objects and shall be available

therefor until expended:

(a) Advance allotments to Postal Service

So much as may be necessary shall be used by the Secretary of the

Interior to make advance allotments to the Postal Service at such

times and in such amounts as may be mutually agreed upon by the

Secretary of the Interior and the Postal Service for direct

expenditure by the Postal Service for engraving, printing, issuing,

selling, and accounting for migratory bird hunting stamps and

moneys received from the sale thereof, in addition to expenses for

personal services in the District of Columbia and elsewhere, and

such other expenses as may be necessary in executing the duties and

functions required of the Postal Service.

(b) Acquisition of bird refuges

Except as authorized in subsections (c) and (d) of this section,

the remainder shall be available for the location, ascertainment,

and acquisition of suitable areas for migratory bird refuges under

the provisions of the Migratory Bird Conservation Act (16 U.S.C.

715 et seq.) and for the administrative costs incurred in the

acquisition of such areas.

(c) Waterfowl Production Areas

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized to utilize funds made

available under subsection (b) of this section for the purposes of

such subsection, and such other funds as may be appropriated for

the purposes of such subsection, or of this subsection, to acquire,

or defray the expense incident to the acquisition by gift, devise,

lease, purchase, or exchange of, small wetland and pothole areas,

interests therein, and rights-of-way to provide access thereto.

Such small areas, to be designated as ''Waterfowl Production

Areas'', may be acquired without regard to the limitations and

requirements of the Migratory Bird Conservation Act (16 U.S.C. 715

et seq.), but all of the provisions of such Act which govern the

administration and protection of lands acquired thereunder, except

the inviolate sanctuary provisions of such Act, shall be applicable

to areas acquired pursuant to this subsection.

(d) Promotion of stamp sales

(1) The Secretary of the Interior may utilize funds from the sale

of migratory bird hunting and conservation stamps, not to exceed

$1,000,000 in each of fiscal years 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, and

2003, for the promotion of additional sales of those stamps, in

accordance with a Migratory Bird Conservation Commission approved

annual marketing plan. Such promotion shall include the

preparation of reports, brochures, or other appropriate materials

to be made available to the public that describe the benefits to

wildlife derived from stamp sales.

(2) The Secretary of the Interior shall include in each annual

report of the Commission under section 715b (FOOTNOTE 1) of this

title a description of activities conducted under this subsection

in the year covered by the report.

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 16, 1934, ch. 71, Sec. 4, 48 Stat. 451; June 15, 1935, ch.

261, title I, Sec. 3, 4, 49 Stat. 379, 380; 1939 Reorg. Plan No.

II, Sec. 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433; Aug.

12, 1949, ch. 421, Sec. 2, 63 Stat. 600; Oct. 20, 1951, ch. 520, 65

Stat. 451; Pub. L. 85-585, Sec. 2, 3, Aug. 1, 1958, 72 Stat. 486,

487; Pub. L. 89-669, Sec. 6, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 929; Pub. L.

92-214, Sec. 2, Dec. 22, 1971, 85 Stat. 777; Pub. L. 94-215, Sec.

3(d), Feb. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 190; Pub. L. 105-269, Sec. 2, Oct.

19, 1998, 112 Stat. 2381.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Migratory Bird Conservation Act, referred to in subsecs. (b)

and (c), is act Feb. 18, 1929, ch. 257, 45 Stat. 1222, as amended,

which is classified generally to subchapter III (Sec. 715 et seq.)

of chapter 7 of this title. For complete classification of this

Act to the Code, see section 715 of this title and Tables.

Section 715b of this title, referred to in subsec. (d)(2), was

omitted from the Code.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsecs. (b), (d). Pub. L. 105-242 substituted

''subsections (c) and (d)'' for ''subsection (c)'' in subsec. (b)

and added subsec. (d).

1976 - Pub. L. 94-215 inserted ''or the Department of the

Interior, whichever is appropriate,'' after ''Postal Service'' in

first sentence.

1971 - Pub. L. 92-214 substituted ''Postal Service'' for ''Post

Office Department'' in introductory provisions and ''Postal

Service'' for ''Post Office Department'' and ''Postmaster General''

in subsec. (a).

1966 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89-669 struck out provisos relating

to wildlife management areas and rule making for such areas which

are now covered by section 668bb(d) (1) of this title.

1958 - Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 85-585 earmarked proceeds from

sale of stamps, less expenses of Post Office Department in

connection with fish and wildlife matters, for the acquisition of

migratory bird refuges, and permitted hunting of resident game

birds in designated wildlife management areas.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 85-585 added subsec. (c).

1951 - Subsec. (a). Act Oct. 20, 1951, substituted ''85 per

centum'' for ''90 per centum''.

Subsec. (b). Act Oct. 20, 1951, inserted ''in enforcing'' after

''The remainder shall be available for expenses''.

1949 - Subsec. (a). Act Aug. 12, 1949, inserted proviso.

1935 - Act June 15, 1935, amended section generally.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1958 AMENDMENT

For effective date of amendment by Pub. L. 85-585, see section 4

of Pub. L. 85-585, set out as a note under section 718b of this

title.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 718a of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 715k-4, 718b, 718e, 3911,

3912 of this title; title 25 section 564w-1.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 718e 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX

-HEAD-

Sec. 718e. Offenses

-STATUTE-

(a) Loan or transfer of stamp

No person to whom has been sold a migratory-bird hunting stamp,

validated as provided in section 718a of this title, shall loan or

transfer such stamp to any person during the period of its

validity; nor shall any person other than the person validating

such stamp use it for any purpose during such period.

(b) Alteration and counterfeiting of stamp

Except as provided in clauses (i) and (ii) of section 504(1)(D)

of title 18, no person shall alter, mutilate, imitate, or

counterfeit any stamp authorized by this subchapter, or imitate or

counterfeit any die, plate, or engraving therefor, or make, print,

or knowingly use, sell, or have in his possession any such

counterfeit, die, plate, or engraving.

(c) Reproduction of migratory bird hunting stamps; regulation by

Secretary of the Interior; disposition of proceeds

Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of this section,

or the prohibition in section 474 of title 18, or other provisions

of law, the Secretary of the Interior may authorize, with the

concurrence of the Secretary of the Treasury,

(1) the color reproduction, or

(2) the black and white reproduction,

of migratory bird hunting stamps authorized by sections 718 to

718b, 718c, 718d, and 718f to 718h of this title, which otherwise

satisfies the requirements of clauses (ii) and (iii) of section

504(1) of title 18. Any such reproduction shall be subject to those

terms and conditions deemed necessary by the Secretary of the

Interior by regulation or otherwise and any proceeds received by

the Federal Government as a result of such reproduction shall be

paid, after deducting expenses for marketing, into the migratory

bird conservation fund established under section 718d of this

title.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 16, 1934, ch. 71, Sec. 5, 48 Stat. 452; June 15, 1935, ch.

261, title I, Sec. 5, 49 Stat. 380; Pub. L. 98-369, div. A, title

X, Sec. 1077(a), (b)(3), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1054, 1055; Pub.

L. 100-653, title III, Sec. 302, Nov. 14, 1988, 102 Stat. 3827.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1988 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100-653 inserted '', after deducting

expenses for marketing,'' after ''paid''.

1984 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98-369, Sec. 1077(b)(3), substituted

''Except as provided in clauses (i) and (ii) of section 504(1)(D)

of title 18, no person'' for ''No person''.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98-369, Sec. 1077(a), added subsec. (c).

1935 - Act June 15, 1935, amended section generally.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1984 AMENDMENT

Section 1077(c) of Pub. L. 98-369 provided that: ''The amendments

made by this section (amending this section and section 504 of

Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure) shall take effect on the

date of the enactment of this Act (July 18, 1984).''

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 718f 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX

-HEAD-

Sec. 718f. Enforcement; authority of United States judges,

magistrate judges, and employees of Department of the Interior

-STATUTE-

For the efficient execution of this subchapter, the judges of the

several courts, established under the laws of the United States,

United States magistrate judges, and persons appointed by the

Secretary of the Interior to enforce the provisions of this

subchapter, shall have, with respect thereto, like powers and

duties as are conferred upon said judges, magistrate judges, and

employees of the Department of the Interior by the Migratory Bird

Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703 et seq.), or any other Act to carry into

effect any treaty for the protection of migratory birds with

respect to that Act. Any bird or part thereof taken or possessed

contrary to this subchapter shall, when seized, be disposed of by

the Secretary in accordance with law.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 16, 1934, ch. 71, Sec. 6, 48 Stat. 452; 1939 Reorg. Plan No.

II, Sec. 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433; Pub.

L. 90-578, title IV, Sec. 402(b)(2), Oct. 17, 1968, 82 Stat. 1118;

Pub. L. 95-616, Sec. 3(i), Nov. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 3112; Pub. L.

101-650, title III, Sec. 321, Dec. 1, 1990, 104 Stat. 5117.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Migratory Bird Treaty Act, and ''that Act'', referred to in

text, is act July 3, 1918, ch. 128, 40 Stat. 755, as amended, which

is classified generally to subchapter II (Sec. 703 et seq.) of

chapter 7 of this title. For complete classification of this Act

to the Code, see section 710 of this title and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1978 - Pub. L. 95-616 substituted in last sentence ''contrary to

this subchapter shall, when seized, be disposed of by the Secretary

in accordance with law'' for ''contrary to such Acts shall, when

seized, be disposed of as provided by the Migratory Bird Treaty

Act, or Acts aforesaid''.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

''United States magistrate judges'' and ''magistrate judges''

substituted for ''United States magistrates'' and ''magistrates'',

respectively, in text pursuant to section 321 of Pub. L. 101-650,

set out as a note under section 631 of Title 28, Judiciary and

Judicial Procedure. Previously, ''magistrates'' substituted in text

for ''commissioners'' pursuant to Pub. L. 90-578. See chapter 43

(Sec. 631 et seq.) of Title 28.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 718a of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 716e of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 718g 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX

-HEAD-

Sec. 718g. Penalties

-STATUTE-

Any person who shall violate any provision of this subchapter, or

who shall violate or fail to comply with any regulation made

pursuant thereto shall be subject to the penalties provided in

section 707 of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 16, 1934, ch. 71, Sec. 7, 48 Stat. 452.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 718e of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 718h 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX

-HEAD-

Sec. 718h. Cooperation with States and Territories

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Interior is authorized to cooperate with the

several States and Territories in the enforcement of the provisions

of this subchapter.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 16, 1934, ch. 71, Sec. 8, 48 Stat. 452; 1939 Reorg. Plan No.

II, Sec. 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, 4 F.R. 2731, 53 Stat. 1433.)

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Transfer of functions of Secretary of Agriculture to Secretary of

the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, see Transfer of

Functions note set out under section 718a of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 718e of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 718i 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX

-HEAD-

Sec. 718i. Repealed. July 30, 1956, ch. 782, Sec. 3(c), 70 Stat.

722

-MISC1-

Section, act June 28, 1941, ch. 259, Sec. 1, 55 Stat. 356,

related to disposal of surplus stamps and restricted use of stamps

to the fiscal year for which issued. See sections 718b and 718b-1

of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 718j 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX

-HEAD-

Sec. 718j. Crediting of funds received as fees for entering

migratory-bird hunting and conservation stamp contest

-STATUTE-

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, moneys received by

the United States Fish and Wildlife Service in the form of fees for

entering the migratory-bird hunting and conservation stamp contest

shall be credited first to the appropriation account from which

expenditures for the administration of such contest are made, and

second, to the extent such moneys exceed the expenditures for

administration of the contest, to the migratory-bird conservation

fund.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 16, 1934, ch. 71, Sec. 10, as added Pub. L. 97-307, Oct. 14,

1982, 96 Stat. 1450.)

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 718k 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER IV - HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP TAX

-HEAD-

Sec. 718k. Use of fees collected for Federal migratory bird permits

-STATUTE-

On and after October 21, 1998, all fees collected for Federal

migratory bird permits shall be available to the Secretary, without

further appropriation, to be used for the expenses of the U.S. Fish

and Wildlife Service in administering such Federal migratory bird

permits, and shall remain available until expended.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(e) (title I), Oct. 21, 1998,

112 Stat. 2681-231, 2681-236.)

-CITE-

16 USC SUBCHAPTER V - JUNIOR DUCK STAMP CONSERVATION AND

DESIGN PROGRAM 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER V - JUNIOR DUCK STAMP CONSERVATION AND DESIGN PROGRAM

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER V - JUNIOR DUCK STAMP CONSERVATION AND DESIGN PROGRAM

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 719 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER V - JUNIOR DUCK STAMP CONSERVATION AND DESIGN PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 719. Establishment of Program

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary of the Interior (in this subchapter referred to as

the ''Secretary'') may carry out in accordance with this subchapter

a program to be known as the ''Junior Duck Stamp Conservation and

Design Program'' (in this subchapter referred to as the

''Program'') to accomplish the goals of -

(1) providing to school children environmental education

opportunities relating to the conservation and management of

migratory birds; and

(2) increasing the capacity for schools, States, and other

educational programs to conduct conservation and education

programs.

(b) Program features

The Program shall consist of -

(1) conducting in all interested States the activities which on

the day before October 6, 1994, are conducted under the program

known as the Junior Duck Stamp Conservation and Design Program;

(2) other activities authorized under the Program by this

subchapter or any other Act; and

(3) any other activity necessary to carry out the conservation

and education goals of the Program.

(c) Effort to conduct Program in all States

(1) In general

The Secretary shall take appropriate steps to seek to conduct

the Program in all of the States.

(2) Annual report

The Secretary shall annually submit a report to the Congress on

the status of the Program in each of the States.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-340, Sec. 2, Oct. 6, 1994, 108 Stat. 3119; Pub. L.

106-316, Sec. 2(1), Oct. 19, 2000, 114 Stat. 1276.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2000 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106-316 struck out ''50'' before

''States'' in pars. (1) and (2).

SHORT TITLE

Section 1 of Pub. L. 103-340 provided that: ''This Act (enacting

this subchapter and provisions listed in a table of National

Wildlife Refuges set out under section 668dd of this title) may be

cited as the 'Junior Duck Stamp Conservation and Design Program Act

of 1994'.''

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 719a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER V - JUNIOR DUCK STAMP CONSERVATION AND DESIGN PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 719a. Junior Duck Stamp

-STATUTE-

(a) Competition

As part of the Program, the Secretary may annually conduct a

competition to -

(1) solicit the submission by students at elementary and

secondary schools of designs relating to conservation of

migratory birds; and

(2) select winning designs from among those submissions for use

for licensing and marketing under subsection (b) of this section.

(b) Licensing and marketing of design of Junior Duck Stamps

As part of the Program, the Secretary may -

(1) license and market winning designs selected in competitions

under subsection (a) of this section; and

(2) license and market stamps bearing those designs, which

shall be known as Junior Duck Stamps.

(c) Use of proceeds from licensing and marketing of Junior Duck

Stamps and Junior Duck Stamp designs

Amounts received under subsection (b) of this section -

(1) shall be available to the Secretary until expended, without

further appropriations, solely for -

(A) awards and scholarships to individuals who submit designs

in competitions under subsection (a) of this section, that are

-

(i) selected in such a competition as winning designs; or

(ii) otherwise determined in such a competition to be

superior;

(B) awards to schools and other participants to further

education activities related to the conservation education

goals of the Program; and

(C) expenses for licensing and marketing under subsection (b)

of this section; and

(2) may not be used for administrative expenses of the Program.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-340, Sec. 3, Oct. 6, 1994, 108 Stat. 3119.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 719b of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 719b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER V - JUNIOR DUCK STAMP CONSERVATION AND DESIGN PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 719b. Acceptance of gifts, devises, and bequests

-STATUTE-

The Secretary may accept and use any gift, devise, or bequest of

personal property, or proceeds thereof, for the purpose of funding

the activities described in section 719a(c)(1)(A) and (B) of this

title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-340, Sec. 4, Oct. 6, 1994, 108 Stat. 3120.)

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 719b-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER V - JUNIOR DUCK STAMP CONSERVATION AND DESIGN PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 719b-1. Definition of State

-STATUTE-

For the purposes of this subchapter, the term ''State'' includes

the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, Guam,

the Virgin Islands, and any other territory or possession of the

United States.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-340, Sec. 5, as added Pub. L. 106-316, Sec. 2(3), Oct.

19, 2000, 114 Stat. 1276.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 5 of Pub. L. 103-340 was renumbered section 6 and

is classified to section 719c of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 719c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 7 - PROTECTION OF MIGRATORY GAME AND INSECTIVOROUS BIRDS

SUBCHAPTER V - JUNIOR DUCK STAMP CONSERVATION AND DESIGN PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 719c. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for

administrative expenses of the Program $250,000 for each of the

fiscal years 2001 through 2005.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-340, Sec. 6, formerly Sec. 5, Oct. 6, 1994, 108 Stat.

3120; renumbered Sec. 6 and amended Pub. L. 106-316, Sec. 1, 2(2),

Oct. 19, 2000, 114 Stat. 1276.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Another section 6 of Pub. L. 103-340 was renumbered section 7 and

enacted provisions listed in a table of National Wildlife Refuges

set out under section 668dd of this title.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

2000 - Pub. L. 106-316, Sec. 1, substituted ''for each of the

fiscal years 2001 through 2005'' for ''for each of the fiscal years

1995 through 2000''.

-CITE-