US (United States) Code. Title 16. Chapter 16B: Eastern Pacific tuna fishing

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Conservation

  • Enviado por: El remitente no desea revelar su nombre
  • Idioma: inglés
  • País: Estados Unidos Estados Unidos
  • 13 páginas
publicidad

-CITE-

16 USC CHAPTER 16B - EASTERN PACIFIC TUNA FISHING 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 16B - EASTERN PACIFIC TUNA FISHING

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 16B - EASTERN PACIFIC TUNA FISHING

-MISC1-

Sec.

972. Definitions.

972a. United States representation on the Council.

(a) Appointment by Secretary of State.

(b) Qualification.

(c) Compensation.

(d) Travel expenses.

972b. Secretary of State to act for United States.

972c. Application to other laws.

972d. Disposition of fees.

972e. Regulations.

972f. Prohibited acts.

(a) Unlawful acts.

(b) Penalties.

(c) Forfeiture.

(d) Application of laws relating to seizures and

forfeitures.

972g. Enforcement.

(a) Warrants.

(b) Joint responsibility for enforcement.

(c) Execution of warrants and process.

(d) Arrest; search.

(e) Seizure.

(f) Bond or stipulation for value of the property.

972h. Authorization of appropriations.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 972 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 16B - EASTERN PACIFIC TUNA FISHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 972. Definitions

-STATUTE-

As used in this chapter -

(1) The term ''Agreement'' means the Eastern Pacific Ocean Tuna

Fishing Agreement, signed in San Jose, Costa Rica, March 15,

1983.

(2) The term ''Agreement Area'' means the area within a

perimeter determined as follows: From the point on the mainland

where the parallel of 40 degrees north latitude intersects the

coast westward along the parallel of 40 degrees north latitude to

40 degrees north latitude by 125 degrees west longitude, thence

southerly along the meridian of 125 degrees west longitude to 20

degrees north latitude by 125 degrees west longitude, thence

easterly along the parallel of 20 degrees north latitude to 20

degrees north latitude by 120 degrees west longitude, thence

southerly along the meridian of 120 degrees west longitude to 5

degrees north latitude by 120 degrees west longitude, thence

easterly along the parallel of 5 degrees north latitude to 5

degrees north latitude by 110 degrees west longitude, thence

southerly along the meridian of 110 degrees west longitude to 10

degrees south latitude by 110 degrees west longitude, thence

easterly along the parallel of 10 degrees south latitude to 10

degrees south latitude by 90 degrees west longitude, thence

southerly along the meridian of 90 degrees west longitude to 30

degrees south latitude by 90 degrees west longitude, thence

easterly along the parallel of 30 degrees south latitude to the

point on the mainland where the parallel intersects the coast;

but the Agreement Area does not include the zones within twelve

nautical miles of the baseline from which the breadth of

territorial sea is measured and the zones within two hundred

nautical miles of the baselines of Coastal States not signatories

to the Agreement, measured from the same baseline.

(3) The term ''designated species of tuna'' means yellowfin

tuna, Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre, 1788); bigeye tuna, Thunnus

obesus (Lowe, 1839); albacore tuna, Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre,

1788); northern bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758);

southern bluefin tuna, Thunnus maccoyil (Castelnau, 1872);

skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus (FOOTNOTE 1) 1578);

black skipjack, Euthynnus Lineatus (Kishinouye (FOOTNOTE 1)

1920); kawakawa, Euthynnus affinis (Cantor, 1849); bullet tuna,

Auxis rochei (Risso, 1810), (FOOTNOTE 2) frigate tuna, Ausix

(FOOTNOTE 3) thazard (Lacepede, 1800); eastern Pacific bonito,

Sarda chiliensis (Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831); and

Indo-Pacific bonito, Sarda orientalis (Temminck and Schlegel,

1844).

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Probably should be followed by a

comma.

(FOOTNOTE 2) So in original. The comma probably should be a

semicolon.

(FOOTNOTE 3) So in original. Probably should be ''Auxis''.

(4) The term ''Council'' means the body consisting of the

representatives from each Contracting Party to the Agreement

which is a Coastal State of the eastern Pacific Ocean or a member

of the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission at the time of

entry into force of the Agreement.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-445, Sec. 2, Oct. 4, 1984, 98 Stat. 1715.)

-MISC1-

SHORT TITLE

Section 1 of Pub. L. 98-445 provided: ''That this Act (enacting

this chapter) may be cited as the 'Eastern Pacific Tuna Licensing

Act of 1984'.''

-EXEC-

TERRITORIAL SEA OF UNITED STATES

For extension of territorial sea of United States, see Proc. No.

5928, set out as a note under section 1331 of Title 43, Public

Lands.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 972a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 16B - EASTERN PACIFIC TUNA FISHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 972a. United States representation on the Council

-STATUTE-

(a) Appointment by Secretary of State

The Secretary of State -

(1) shall appoint a United States representative to the

Council; and

(2) may appoint not more than three alternate United States

representatives to the Council.

(b) Qualification

An individual is not eligible for appointment as, or to serve as,

the United States representative under subsection (a)(1) of this

section unless the individual is an officer or employee of the

United States Government.

(c) Compensation

An individual is not entitled to compensation for serving as the

United States representative or an alternate United States

representative.

(d) Travel expenses

While away from home or a regular place of business in the

performance of service as the United States representative or an

alternate United States representative, an individual is entitled

to travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in

the same manner as individuals employed intermittently in

Government service are allowed expenses under section 5703(b)

(FOOTNOTE 1) of title 5.

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-445, Sec. 3, Oct. 4, 1984, 98 Stat. 1716.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 5703 of title 5, referred to in subsec. (d), was amended

generally by Pub. L. 94-22, Sec. 4, May 19, 1975, 89 Stat. 85, and,

as so amended, does not contain a subsec. (b).

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 972b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 16B - EASTERN PACIFIC TUNA FISHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 972b. Secretary of State to act for United States

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of State shall receive, on behalf of the United

States Government, reports, requests, recommendations and other

communications of the Council, and, in consultation with the

Secretary of Commerce, shall act directly thereon or by reference

to the appropriate authorities.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-445, Sec. 4, Oct. 4, 1984, 98 Stat. 1716.)

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 972c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 16B - EASTERN PACIFIC TUNA FISHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 972c. Application to other laws

-STATUTE-

(a) Notwithstanding section 4 of the Fishermen's Protective Act

of 1967 (22 U.S.C. 1974), such Act (22 U.S.C. 1971 et seq.) applies

with respect to a seizure by a Contracting Party to the Agreement

of a vessel of the United States within the Agreement Area for

violation of the Agreement if the Secretary of State determines

that the violation is not of such seriousness as to diminish the

effectiveness of the Agreement.

(b) The seizure by a Contracting Party to the Agreement of a

vessel of the United States shall not be considered to be a seizure

described in section 1825(a)(4)(C) of this title if the seizure is

consistent with the Agreement.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-445, Sec. 5, Oct. 4, 1984, 98 Stat. 1716; Pub. L.

104-208, div. A, title I, Sec. 101(a) (title II, Sec. 211(b)),

Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009, 3009-41.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Fishermen's Protective Act of 1967, referred to in subsec.

(a), is act Aug. 27, 1954, ch. 1018, 68 Stat. 883, as amended,

which is classified generally to chapter 25 (Sec. 1971 et seq.) of

Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 1971 of Title 22 and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-208 made technical amendment to

reference in original act which appears in text as reference to

section 1825(a)(4)(C) of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT

Section 101(a) (title II, Sec. 211(b)) of div. A of Pub. L.

104-208 provided that the amendment made by that section is

effective 15 days after Oct. 11, 1996.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 972d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 16B - EASTERN PACIFIC TUNA FISHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 972d. Disposition of fees

-STATUTE-

All fees accruing to the United States under Article III of the

Agreement shall be deposited into the Treasury of the United

States.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-445, Sec. 6, Oct. 4, 1984, 98 Stat. 1716.)

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 972e 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 16B - EASTERN PACIFIC TUNA FISHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 972e. Regulations

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Commerce, in cooperation with the Secretary of

State and the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard

is operating, shall issue such regulations as may be necessary to

carry out the purposes and objectives of the Agreement and this

chapter. Regulations may be made applicable as necessary to all

persons and vessels subject to the jurisdiction of the United

States, wherever located. Regulations concerning the conservation

of a designated species of tuna may be issued only to implement

conservation recommendations made by the Council under Article 3(D)

of the Agreement.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-445, Sec. 7, Oct. 4, 1984, 98 Stat. 1716.)

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of

the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the

Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of

Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see

sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic

Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization

Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under

section 542 of Title 6.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 972f, 972g of this title.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 972f 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 16B - EASTERN PACIFIC TUNA FISHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 972f. Prohibited acts

-STATUTE-

(a) Unlawful acts

It is unlawful for any person subject to the jurisdiction of the

United States -

(1) to engage in fishing for a designated species of tuna

within the Agreement Area unless issued a license under the

Agreement authorizing such fishing;

(2) to engage in fishing for a designated species of tuna

within the Agreement area (FOOTNOTE 1) in contravention of

regulations promulgated by the Secretary of Commerce under the

Agreement;

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Probably should be capitalized.

(3) knowingly to ship, transport, purchase, sell, offer for

sale, export, or have in custody, possession, or control any

designated species of tuna taken or retained in violation of

regulations issued under section 972e of this title;

(4) to fail to make, keep, or furnish any catch return,

statistical record, or other report required by regulations

issued under section 972e of this title;

(5) being a person in charge of a vessel of the United States,

to fail to stop upon being hailed by an authorized official of

the United States, or to refuse to permit officials of the United

States to board the vessel or inspect its catch, equipment,

books, documents, records, or other articles, or to question

individuals on board; or

(6) to import from any country, in violation of any regulation

issued under section 972e of this title, any designated species

of tuna.

(b) Penalties

Any person who is convicted of violating -

(1) subsection (a)(1), (a)(2), or (a)(3) of this section shall

be fined or assessed a civil penalty not more than $25,000, and

for a subsequent violation shall be fined or assessed a civil

penalty not more than $50,000;

(2) subsection (a)(4) or (a)(5) of this section shall be fined

or assessed a civil penalty not more than $5,000, and for a

subsequent violation shall be fined or assessed a civil penalty

not more than $5,000; or

(3) subsection (a)(6) of this section shall be fined or

assessed a civil penalty not more than $100,000.

(c) Forfeiture

All designated species of tuna taken or retained in violation of

subsection (a)(1), (2), (3), or (6) of this section, or the

monetary value thereof, is subject to forfeiture.

(d) Application of laws relating to seizures and forfeitures

All provisions of law relating to the seizure, judicial

forfeiture, and condemnation of a cargo for violation of the

customs laws, the disposition of such cargo or the proceeds from

the sale thereof, and the remission or mitigation of such

forfeitures shall apply to seizures and forfeitures incurred, or

alleged to have been incurred, under this chapter, insofar as such

provisions of law are applicable and not inconsistent with the

provisions of this chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-445, Sec. 8, Oct. 4, 1984, 98 Stat. 1717.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The customs laws, referred to in subsec. (d), are classified

generally to Title 19, Customs Duties.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 972g 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 16B - EASTERN PACIFIC TUNA FISHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 972g. Enforcement

-STATUTE-

(a) Warrants

The judges of the United States district courts and United States

magistrate judges may, within their respective jurisdictions, upon

proper oath or affirmation showing probable cause, issue such

warrants or other process as may be required for enforcement of

this chapter and the regulations issued under section 972e of this

title.

(b) Joint responsibility for enforcement

The enforcement of this chapter and the regulations issued under

section 972e of this title shall be the joint responsibility of the

department in which the Coast Guard is operating, the Department of

Commerce, and the United States Customs Service. In addition, the

Secretary of Commerce may designate officers and employees of the

States of the United States, of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico,

and of American Samoa to carry out enforcement activities under

this section. When so designated, such officers and employees may

function as Federal law enforcement agents for these purposes.

(c) Execution of warrants and process

An individual authorized to carry out enforcement activities

under this section has power to execute any warrant or process

issued by any officer or court of competent jurisdiction for the

enforcement of this chapter.

(d) Arrest; search

An individual so authorized to carry out enforcement activities

under this section has power -

(1) with or without a warrant or other process, to arrest any

person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States at any

place within the jurisdiction of the United States committing in

his presence or view a violation of this chapter or the

regulations issued under section 972e of this title;

(2) with or without a warrant or other process, to search any

vessel subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, and, if,

as a result of the search he has reasonable cause to believe that

such vessel or any individual on board is engaging in operations

in violation of this chapter or any regulation issued thereunder

to arrest such person.

(e) Seizure

An individual authorized to enforce this chapter may seize,

whenever or wherever lawfully found, all species of designated tuna

taken or retained in violation of this chapter or the regulations

issued under section 972e of this title. Any species so seized may

be disposed of pursuant to the order of a court of competent

jurisdiction, under subsection (f) of this section or, if

perishable, in a manner prescribed by regulations of the Secretary

of Commerce.

(f) Bond or stipulation for value of the property

Notwithstanding the provisions of section 2464 of title 28, when

a warrant of arrest or other process in rem is issued in any cause

under this section, the marshal or other officer shall stay the

execution of such process, or discharge any species of designated

tuna seized if the process has been levied, on receiving from the

claimant of the species a bond or stipulation for the value of the

property with sufficient surety to be approved by a judge of the

district court having jurisdiction of the offense, conditioned to

deliver the species seized, if condemned, without impairment in

value or, in the discretion of the court, to pay its equivalent

value in money or otherwise to answer the decree of the court in

such cause. Such bond or stipulation shall be returned to the

court and judgment thereon against both the principal and sureties

may be recovered in event of any breach of the conditions thereof

as determined by the court. In the discretion of the accused, and

subject to the direction of the court, the species may be sold for

not less than its reasonable market value and the proceeds of such

sale placed in the registry of the court pending judgment in the

case.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-445, Sec. 9, Oct. 4, 1984, 98 Stat. 1717; Pub. L.

101-650, title III, Sec. 321, Dec. 1, 1990, 104 Stat. 5117.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

''United States magistrate judges'' substituted for ''United

States magistrates'' in subsec. (a) pursuant to section 321 of Pub.

L. 101-650, set out as a note under section 631 of Title 28,

Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of

the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the

Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of

Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see

sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic

Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization

Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under

section 542 of Title 6.

For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of

the United States Customs Service of the Department of the

Treasury, including functions of the Secretary of the Treasury

relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for

treatment of related references, see sections 203(1), 551(d),

552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department

of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as

modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

-CITE-

16 USC Sec. 972h 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 16 - CONSERVATION

CHAPTER 16B - EASTERN PACIFIC TUNA FISHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 972h. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

There are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal years after

fiscal year 1984 such sums as may be necessary to carry out this

chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-445, Sec. 10, Oct. 4, 1984, 98 Stat. 1719.)

-CITE-