US (United States) Code. Title 15. Chapter 6: Weights and measures and standars time

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # Commerce and Trade

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-CITE-

15 USC CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

-MISC1-

SUBCHAPTER I - WEIGHTS, MEASURES, AND STANDARDS GENERALLY

Sec.

201. Sets of standard weights and measures for agricultural

colleges.

202. Repairs to standards.

203. Replacing lost standard weights and measures; cost.

204. Metric system authorized.

205. Authorized tables.

SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION

205a. Congressional statement of findings.

205b. Declaration of policy.

205c. Definitions.

205d. United States Metric Board.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Membership; Chairman; appointment of members;

term of office; vacancies.

(c) Compulsory powers.

(d) Termination.

205e. Functions and powers of Board.

205f. Duties of Board.

205g. Gifts, donations and bequests to Board.

(a) Authorization; deposit into Treasury and

disbursement.

(b) Federal income, estate, and gift taxation of

property.

(c) Investment of moneys; disbursement of accrued

income.

(d) Reversion to Treasury of unexpended funds.

205h. Compensation of Board members; travel expenses.

205i. Personnel.

(a) Executive Director; appointment; tenure; duties.

(b) Executive Director; salary.

(c) Staff personnel; appointment and compensation.

(d) Experts and consultants; employment and

compensation; annual review of contracts.

205j. Financial and administrative services; source and

reimbursement.

205j-1. Repealed.

205k. Authorization of appropriations; availability.

205l. Implementation in acquisition of construction services and

materials for Federal facilities.

(a) In general.

(b) Concrete masonry units.

(c) Recessed lighting fixtures.

(d) Limitation.

(e) Expiration.

(f) Agency ombudsman.

SUBCHAPTER III - STANDARD GAUGE FOR IRON AND STEEL

206. Standard gauge for sheet and plate iron and steel.

207. Preparation of standards by Secretary of Commerce.

208. Variations.

SUBCHAPTER IV - SCREW THREADS

208a to 212. Repealed.

SUBCHAPTER V - STANDARDS OF ELECTRICITY

221, 222. Repealed.

223. Units of electrical measure.

Resistance-ohm.

Current-ampere.

Electromotive force and electric potential- volt.

Quantity-coulomb.

Capacitance-farad.

Inductance-henry.

Power-watt.

Energy - joule; kilowatt - hour.

Intensity of light - candela.

Flux of light - lumen.

224. Establishment of values of primary electric and photometric

units in absolute measure; legal values.

SUBCHAPTER VI - STANDARD BARRELS

231. Standard barrel for apples; steel barrels.

232. Barrels below standard; marking.

233. Penalty for violations.

234. Standard barrel for fruits or other dry commodity.

235. Sale or shipment of barrel of less capacity than standard;

punishment.

236. Variations from standard permitted; prosecutions; law not

applicable to certain barrels.

237. Standard barrels for lime.

238. Penalty for selling in barrels not marked.

239. Sale in containers of less capacity than barrel.

240. Rules and regulations.

241. Penalty for selling lime in unmarked barrels and containers.

242. Duty of United States attorney to enforce law.

SUBCHAPTER VII - STANDARD BASKETS AND CONTAINERS

251 to 256. Repealed.

SUBCHAPTER VIII - STANDARD HAMPERS, ROUND STAVE BASKETS, AND SPLINT

BASKETS FOR FRUITS AND VEGETABLES

257 to 257i. Repealed.

SUBCHAPTER IX - STANDARD TIME

260. Congressional declaration of policy; adoption and observance

of uniform standard of time; authority of Secretary of

Transportation.

260a. Advancement of time or changeover dates.

(a) Duration of period; State exemption.

(b) State laws superseded.

(c) Violations; enforcement.

261. Zones for standard time; interstate or foreign commerce.

262. Duty to observe standard time of zones.

263. Designation of zone standard times.

264. Part of Idaho in third zone.

265. Transfer of certain territory to standard central-time zone.

266. Applicability of administrative procedure provisions.

267. ''State'' defined.

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15 USC SUBCHAPTER I - WEIGHTS, MEASURES, AND STANDARDS

GENERALLY 01/06/03

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TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER I - WEIGHTS, MEASURES, AND STANDARDS GENERALLY

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER I - WEIGHTS, MEASURES, AND STANDARDS GENERALLY

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15 USC Sec. 201 01/06/03

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TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER I - WEIGHTS, MEASURES, AND STANDARDS GENERALLY

-HEAD-

Sec. 201. Sets of standard weights and measures for agricultural

colleges

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Commerce is directed to cause a complete set of

all the weights and measures adopted as standards to be delivered

to the governor of each State in the Union for the use of

agricultural colleges in the States, respectively, which have

received a grant of lands from the United States, and also one set

of the same for the use of the Smithsonian Institution: Provided,

That the cost of each set shall not exceed $200.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 3, 1881, No. 26, 21 Stat. 521; Feb. 14, 1903, ch. 552, Sec.

4, 10, 32 Stat. 826, 829; Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 141, Sec. 1, 37 Stat.

736.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Act Mar. 4, 1913, created Department of Labor, and renamed

Department of Commerce and Labor as Department of Commerce.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Act Feb. 14, 1903, transferred National Bureau of Standards from

Treasury Department to Department of Commerce and Labor.

-MISC5-

APPROPRIATION

A sum sufficient to carry out the provisions of this section was

appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise

appropriated by act Mar. 3, 1881.

DISTRIBUTION TO STATES

The Secretary of the Treasury was directed to cause a complete

set of all the weights and measures adopted as standards to be

delivered to the governor of each state for the use of the states

by Res. June 14, 1836, No. 7, 5 Stat. 133, which provision was not

incorporated into the Revised Statutes.

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15 USC Sec. 202 01/06/03

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TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER I - WEIGHTS, MEASURES, AND STANDARDS GENERALLY

-HEAD-

Sec. 202. Repairs to standards

-STATUTE-

Such necessary repairs and adjustments shall be made to the

standards furnished to the several States and Territories as may be

requested by the governors thereof, and also to standard weights

and measures that have been or may be supplied to United States

customhouses and other offices of the United States under Act of

Congress, when requested by the Secretary of Commerce.

-SOURCE-

(July 11, 1890, ch. 667, Sec. 1, 26 Stat. 242; Feb. 14, 1903, ch.

552, Sec. 4, 10, 32 Stat. 826, 829; Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 141, Sec. 1,

37 Stat. 736.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Act Mar. 4, 1913, created Department of Labor and renamed

Department of Commerce and Labor as Department of Commerce.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Act Feb. 14, 1903, transferred National Bureau of Standards from

Treasury Department to Department of Commerce and Labor.

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15 USC Sec. 203 01/06/03

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TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER I - WEIGHTS, MEASURES, AND STANDARDS GENERALLY

-HEAD-

Sec. 203. Replacing lost standard weights and measures; cost

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Commerce is authorized and directed to furnish

precise copies of standard weights and measures, bearing the seal

of the National Institute of Standards and Technology and

accompanied by a suitable certificate, to any State, Territory, or

institution heretofore furnished with the same, upon application in

writing by the governor in the case of a State or Territory, or by

the official head in the case of an institution, setting forth that

the copies of standards applied for are to replace similar ones

heretofore furnished, in accordance with law, which have been lost

or destroyed: Provided, That the applicant shall, before the said

standards are delivered, first deposit with the Secretary of

Commerce the amount of money necessary to defray all expenses

incurred by the National Institute of Standards and Technology in

furnishing the same, which amount shall be covered into the

Treasury of the United States to the credit of miscellaneous

receipts as soon as the weights or measures are delivered for

transportation into the hands of such persons as are designated by

the officers ordering the same.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 18, 1894, ch. 301, Sec. 1, 28 Stat. 383; Mar. 3, 1901, ch.

872, Sec. 1, 31 Stat. 1449; Feb. 14, 1903, ch. 552, Sec. 10, 32

Stat. 829; Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 141, Sec. 1, 37 Stat. 736; Pub. L.

100-418, title V, Sec. 5115(c), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1433.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1988 - Pub. L. 100-418 substituted ''National Institute of

Standards and Technology'' for ''Bureau of Standards'' in two

places.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Act Mar. 4, 1913, created Department of Labor and renamed

Department of Commerce and Labor as Department of Commerce.

Act Mar. 3, 1901, provided that Office of Standard Weights and

Measures should thereafter be known as National Bureau of

Standards.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Act Feb. 14, 1903, transferred National Bureau of Standards from

Treasury Department to Department of Commerce and Labor.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 204 01/06/03

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TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER I - WEIGHTS, MEASURES, AND STANDARDS GENERALLY

-HEAD-

Sec. 204. Metric system authorized

-STATUTE-

It shall be lawful throughout the United States of America to

employ the weights and measures of the metric system; and no

contract or dealing, or pleading in any court, shall be deemed

invalid or liable to objection because the weights or measures

expressed or referred to therein are weights or measures of the

metric system.

-SOURCE-

(R.S. Sec. 3569.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

R.S. Sec. 3569 derived from act July 28, 1866, ch. 301, Sec. 1,

14 Stat. 339.

-MISC3-

STUDY OF METRIC SYSTEM BY THE SECRETARY OF COMMERCE

Pub. L. 90-472, Aug. 9, 1968, 82 Stat. 693, authorized the

Secretary of Commerce to conduct a program of investigation,

research, and survey to determine the impact of increasing

worldwide use of the metric system on the United States; to

appraise the desirability and practicability of increasing the use

of metric weights and measures in the United States; to study the

feasibility of retaining and promoting by international use of

dimensional and other engineering standards based on the customary

measurement units of the United States; and to evaluate the costs

and benefits of alternative courses of action which might be

feasible for the United States. The Secretary was directed to

submit to the Congress such interim reports as he deemed desirable,

and within three years after Aug. 9, 1968, a full and complete

report of the findings made under the study, together with such

recommendations as he considered to be appropriate and in the best

interests of the United States. By its own terms, the Act expired

thirty days after the submission of the final report.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 205a of this title.

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15 USC Sec. 205 01/06/03

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TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER I - WEIGHTS, MEASURES, AND STANDARDS GENERALLY

-HEAD-

Sec. 205. Authorized tables

-STATUTE-

The tables in the schedule annexed shall be recognized in the

construction of contracts and in all legal proceedings as

establishing, in terms of the weights and measures on June 22,

1874, in use in the United States, the equivalents of the weights

and measures expressed therein in terms of the metric system; and

the tables may lawfully be used for computing, determining, and

expressing in customary weights and measures the weights and

measures of the metric system.

-SOURCE-

(R.S. Sec. 3570.)

-MISC1-

MEASURES OF LENGTH

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Metric denominations and values Equivalents in denominations in

use

---------------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------

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Myriameter 10,000 meters 6.2137 miles.

Kilometer 1,000 meters 0.62137 mile, or

3,280 feet and 10

inches.

Hectometer 100 meters 328 feet and 1 inch.

Dekameter 10 meters 393.7 inches.

Meter 1 meter 39.37 inches.

Decimeter 1/10 of a meter 3.937 inches

Centimeter 1/100 of a meter 0.3937 inch.

Millimeter 1/1000 of a meter 0.0394 inch.

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MEASURES OF CAPACITY

Metric denominations and values

Names

Number of liters

Cubic measure

Equivalents in denominations in use

Dry measure

Liquor or wine measure

Kiloliter, or stere

--: 1,000

--: 1 cubic meter

--: 1.308 cubic yards.

--: 264.17 gallons.

Hectoliter

--: 100

--: 1/10 of a cubic meter.

--: 2 bushels and 3.35 pecks.

--: 26.417 gallons.

Dekaliter

--: 10

--: 10 cubic decimeters.

--: 9.08 quarts

--: 2.6417 gallons.

Liter

--: 1

--: 1 cubic decimeter.

--: 0.908 quart

--: 1.0567 quarts.

Deciliter

--: 1/10

--: 1/10 of a cubic decimeter.

--: 6.1022 cubic inches.

--: 0.845 gill.

Centiliter

--: 1/100

--: 10 cubic centimeters.

--: 0.6102 cubic inch.

--: 0.338 fluid ounce.

Milliliter

--: 1/1000

--: 1 cubic centimeter.

--: 0.061 cubic inch.

--: 0.27 fluid dram.

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MEASURES OF SURFACE

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Metric denominations and values Equivalents in denominations in

use

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-------------------------------

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Hectare 10,000 square meters 2.471 acres.

Are 100 square meters 119.6 square yards.

Centare 1 square meter 1,550 square inches.

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WEIGHTS

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Metric denominations and values

----------------

:Names :Number of grams:Weight of what

: : : quantity of

: : : water at

: : : maximum

: : : density

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Millier or :1,000,000 :1 cubic meter :2,204.6 pounds

tonneau : : :

Quintal :100,000 :1 hectoliter :220.46 pounds.

Myriagram :10,000 :10 liters :22.046 pounds.

Kilogram or :1,000 :1 liter :2.2046 pounds.

kilo : : :

Hectogram :100 :1 deciliter :3.5274 ounces.

Dekagram :10 :10 cubic :0.3527 ounce.

: : centimeters :

Gram :1 :1 cubic :15.432 grains.

: : centimeter :

Decigram : 1/10 : 1/10 of a :1.5432 grains.

: : cubic :

: : centimeter :

Centigram : 1/100 :10 cubic :0.1543 grain.

: : millimeters :

Milligram : 1/1000 :1 cubic :0.0154 grain.

: : millimeter :

-------------------------------

-COD-

CODIFICATION

R.S. Sec. 3570 derived from act July 28, 1866, ch. 301, Sec. 2,

14 Stat. 339, 340.

-MISC3-

U.S. CUSTOMARY SYSTEM OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES - COMMERCIAL WEIGHTS

AND MEASURES UNITS

A notice by the Director of the National Bureau of Standards (now

National Institute of Standards and Technology) dated July 15,

1968, and published in the Federal Register (33 F.R. 10755, July

27, 1968), provided that:

By virtue of the authority vested in the Secretary of Commerce by

15 U.S.C. 272 and delegated to the National Bureau of Standards by

Department Order 90-A, the Bureau is charged with the

responsibility for ''The custody, maintenance, and development of

the national standards of measurement, * * *.'' The method employed

for disseminating information on weights and measures units has

been through official National Bureau of Standards publications.

However, all such units have never been listed together in any

Federal legislation or in the Federal Register. On February 27,

1968, in the House Committee on Science and Astronautics Report No.

1107, accompanying H.R. 13058, legislation to repeal the Standard

Container Act of August 31, 1916 (39 Stat. 673; 15 U.S.C. 251-256),

and the Standard Container Act of May 21, 1928 (45 U.S.C. 685; 15

U.S.C. 257-257i), and amend the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act of

November 3, 1966 (80 Stat. 1296; 15 U.S.C. 1451), the following

Committee view was expressed:

Testimony revealed that although, standard weights and measures

are defined in publications by the Bureau of Standards, these

definitions are not defined by law nor have they been published in

the Federal Register. Consequently, the Committee recommends that

the Secretary of Commerce cause to be published in the Federal

Register a listing of the common weights and measures used in

normal commerce throughout the United States and relate them to the

standards developed in accordance with existing law, 15 U.S.C. 272.

Commercial units of weight and measure in common use are based on

the yard and the avoirdupois pound. The yard and avoirdupois pound

were last defined in the Federal Register of July 1, 1959, in terms

of the national standards of length and mass: The meter and the

National Prototype Kilogram. From the two units, the yard and the

pound, are derived all other U.S. Customary multiple and

submultiple units that will be found in ordinary commerce. They

are defined as:

1 yard=0.914 4 meter (FOOTNOTE 1)

(FOOTNOTE 1) Denotes exact figures.

1 pound (avoirdupois)=0.453 592 37 kilogram (FOOTNOTE 1)

LINEAR MEASURE

U.S. CUSTOMARY

12 inches=1 foot=0.304 8 meter (FOOTNOTE 1)

3 feet=1 yard=1.914 4 meter (FOOTNOTE 1)

5,280 feet=1 statute mile=1,609 kilometers

6,076.115 feet=1 International Nautical Mile=1.852 kilometers

(FOOTNOTE 1)

METRIC

10 millimeters=1 centimeter

10 centimeters=1 decimeter

10 decimeters=1 meter

10 meters=1 dekameter

10 dekameters=1 hectometer

10 hectometers=1 kilometer

AREA MEASURE

U.S. CUSTOMARY

144 square inches=1 square foot=.0.092 9 square meter

9 square feet=1 square yard=0.886 1 square meter

43,560 square feet=1 acre=0.404 7 hectare

640 acres=1 square mile=259 hectares

1 square mile=1 section=259 hectares

36 sections=1 township=932 4 hectares

METRIC

100 square millimeters=1 square centimeter

10,000 square centimeters=1 square meter

100 square meters=1 are

100 ares=1 hectare

100 hectares=1 square kilometer

WEIGHT

U.S. CUSTOMARY (AVOIRDUPOIS)

437.5 grains=1 ounce=28.349 5 grams

7,000 grains=1 pound=0.453 592 37 kilogram

16 ounces=1 pound=0.453 592 37 kilogram

2,000 pounds=1 short ton=0.907 2 metric ton

2,240 pounds=1 long ton=1.016 metric tons

METRIC

10 milligrams=1 centigram

10 centigrams=1 decigram

10 decigrams=1 gram

10 grams=1 dekagram

10 dekagrams=1 hectogram

10 hectograms=1 kilogram

1,000 kilograms=1 metric ton

CAPACITY, OR VOLUME, LIQUID MEASURE

U.S. CUSTOMARY

1 gallon=231 cubic inches=3.785 4 liters

4 fluid ounces=1 gill=0.118 3 liter

4 gills=1 pint=0.473 2 liter

2 pints=1 quart=0.946 4 liter

4 quarts=1 gallon=3.785 4 liters

METRIC

10 milliliters=1 centiliter

10 centiliters=1 deciliter

10 deciliters=1 liter

10 liters=1 dekaliter

10 dekaliters=1 hectoliter

10 hectoliters=1 kiloliter

CAPACITY, OR VOLUME, DRY MEASURE

U.S. CUSTOMARY

1 bushel=2,150.42 cubic inches=35.239 1 liters

2 dry pints=1 dry quart=1.101 2 liters

8 dry quarts=1 peck=8.809 8 liters

4 pecks=1 bushel=35.239 1 liters

The accepted volume of a barrel in the United States varies

significantly depending both on the commodity for which it is used

and on how it is defined in State law (varying from

State-to-State).

METRIC

The volumetric units are the same for both liquid and dry measure

in the Metric System.

CUBIC MEASURE

U.S. CUSTOMARY

1,728 cubic inches=1 cubic foot=0.028 316 8 cubic meter

27 cubic feet=1 cubic yard=0.764 554 9 cubic meter

METRIC

1,000 cubic millimeters=1 cubic centimeter

1,000 cubic centimeters=1 cubic decimeter

1,000 cubic decimeters=1 cubic meter

SPECIAL UNITS

The unit used for the sale of firewood is the cord of 128 cubic

feet.

The unit used for the sale of precious stones is the Metric Carat

of 200 milligrams.

The units used for over-the-counter sales of precious metals in

the United States are troy units.

TROY WEIGHT

24 grains=1 pennyweight=1.555 17 grams

20 pennyweights=1 ounce troy=31.103 47 grams

12 ounces troy=1 pound troy=0.373 242 kilogram

The apothecaries system of units, once widely used in the United

States for pharmaceutical purposes, is now used only very little.

Usage of the Metric System has replaced the apothecaries system at

the manufacturing level, and at most of the retail level.

ELECTRICITY AND NATURAL GAS

When a consumer is billed for having used electricity, what has

been sold is electrical energy, and that energy is expressed in

terms of kilowatt-hours. One kilowatt-hour equals 3,600,000 joules

(the joule is the unit of energy in the International System of

Units).

Consumption of natural gas normally is expressed in terms of

therms. One therm equals 105,480,400 joules.

-CITE-

15 USC SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION

-SECREF-

SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in section 3704 of this title;

title 22 section 3873.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 205a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION

-HEAD-

Sec. 205a. Congressional statement of findings

-STATUTE-

The Congress finds as follows:

(1) The United States was an original signatory party to the

1875 Treaty of the Meter (20 Stat. 709), which established the

General Conference of Weights and Measures, the International

Committee of Weights and Measures and the International Bureau of

Weights and Measures.

(2) Although the use of metric measurement standards in the

United States has been authorized by law since 1866 (Act of July

28, 1866; 14 Stat. 339), this Nation today is the only

industrially developed nation which has not established a

national policy of committing itself and taking steps to

facilitate conversion to the metric system.

(3) World trade is increasingly geared towards the metric

system of measurement.

(4) Industry in the United States is often at a competitive

disadvantage when dealing in international markets because of its

nonstandard measurement system, and is sometimes excluded when it

is unable to deliver goods which are measured in metric terms.

(5) The inherent simplicity of the metric system of measurement

and standardization of weights and measures has led to major cost

savings in certain industries which have converted to that

system.

(6) The Federal Government has a responsibility to develop

procedures and techniques to assist industry, especially small

business, as it voluntarily converts to the metric system of

measurement.

(7) The metric system of measurement can provide substantial

advantages to the Federal Government in its own operations.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-168, Sec. 2, Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat. 1007; Pub. L.

100-418, title V, Sec. 5164(a), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1451.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Act of July 28, 1866; 14 Stat. 339, referred to in par. (2), is

predecessor of R.S. Sec. 3569 authorizing use of the metric system,

which is classified to section 204 of this title.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1988 - Pars. (3) to (7). Pub. L. 100-418 added pars. (3) to (7).

SHORT TITLE OF 1996 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 104-289, Sec. 1, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3411, provided

that: ''This Act (enacting section 205l of this title, amending

sections 205c and 205l of this title, and enacting provisions set

out as notes under this section and section 205c of this title) may

be cited as the 'Savings in Construction Act of 1996'.''

SHORT TITLE

Section 1 of Pub. L. 94-168, Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat. 1007,

provided: ''That this Act (enacting this subchapter) may be cited

as the 'Metric Conversion Act of 1975'.''

CONGRESSIONAL STATEMENT OF FINDINGS; METRIC CONVERSION IN FEDERAL

CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS

Pub. L. 104-289, Sec. 2, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3411, provided

that: ''The Congress finds the following:

''(1) The Metric Conversion Act of 1975 (15 U.S.C. 205a et

seq.) was enacted in order to set forth the policy of the United

States to convert to the metric system. Section 3 of that Act

(15 U.S.C. 205b) requires that each Federal agency use the metric

system of measurements in its procurement, grants, and other

business-related activities, unless that use is likely to cause

significant cost or loss of markets to United States firms, such

as when foreign competitors are producing competing products in

non-metric units.

''(2) In accordance with that Act and Executive Order 12770, of

July 25, 1991 (set out below), Federal agencies increasingly

construct new Federal buildings in round metric dimensions. As a

result, companies that wish to bid on Federal construction

projects increasingly are asked to supply materials or products

in round metric dimensions.

''(3) While the Metric Conversion Act of 1975 currently

provides an exemption to metric usage when impractical or when

such usage will cause economic inefficiencies, amendments are

warranted to ensure that the use of specific metric components in

metric construction projects do not increase the cost of Federal

buildings to the taxpayers.''

-EXEC-

EX. ORD. NO. 12770. METRIC USAGE IN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS

Ex. Ord. No. 12770, July 25, 1991, 56 F.R. 35801, provided:

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution

and the laws of the United States of America, including the Metric

Conversion Act of 1975, Public Law 94-168 (15 U.S.C. 205a et seq.)

(''the Metric Conversion Act''), as amended by section 5164 of the

Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988, Public Law 100-418

(''the Trade and Competitiveness Act''), and in order to implement

the congressional designation of the metric system of measurement

as the preferred system of weights and measures for United States

trade and commerce, it is hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1. Coordination by the Department of Commerce. (a) The

Secretary of Commerce (''Secretary'') is designated to direct and

coordinate efforts by Federal departments and agencies to implement

Government metric usage in accordance with section 3 of the Metric

Conversion Act (15 U.S.C. 205b), as amended by section 5164(b) of

the Trade and Competitiveness Act.

(b) In furtherance of his duties under this order, the Secretary

is authorized:

(1) to charter an Interagency Council on Metric Policy

(''ICMP''), which will assist the Secretary in coordinating Federal

Government-wide implementation of this order. Conflicts and

questions regarding implementation of this order shall be resolved

by the ICMP. The Secretary may establish such subcommittees and

subchairs within this Council as may be necessary to carry out the

purposes of this order.(;)

(2) to form such advisory committees representing other

interests, including State and local governments and the business

community, as may be necessary to achieve the maximum beneficial

effects of this order; and

(3) to issue guidelines, to promulgate rules and regulations, and

to take such actions as may be necessary to carry out the purposes

of this order. Regulations promulgated by the Secretary shall

function as policy guidelines for other agencies and departments.

(c) The Secretary shall report to the President annually

regarding the progress made in implementing this order. The report

shall include:

(1) an assessment of progress made by individual Federal agencies

towards implementing the purposes underlying this order;

(2) an assessment of the effect that this order has had on

achieving the national goal of establishing the metric system as

the preferred system of weights and measures for United States

trade and commerce; and

(3) on October 1, 1992, any recommendations which the Secretary

may have for additional measures, including proposed legislation,

needed to achieve the full economic benefits of metric usage.

Sec. 2. Department and Agency Responsibilities. All executive

branch departments and agencies of the United States Government are

directed to take all appropriate measures within their authority to

carry out the provisions of this order. Consistent with this

mission, the head of each executive department and agency shall:

(a) use, to the extent economically feasible by September 30,

1992, or by such other date or dates established by the department

or agency in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, the

metric system of measurement in Federal Government procurements,

grants, and other business-related activities. Other

business-related activities include all use of measurement units in

agency programs and functions related to trade, industry, and

commerce.

(1) Metric usage shall not be required to the extent that such

use is impractical or is likely to cause significant inefficiencies

or loss of markets to United States firms.

(2) Heads of departments and agencies shall establish an

effective process for a policy-level and program-level review of

proposed exceptions to metric usage. Appropriate information about

exceptions granted shall be included in the agency annual report

along with recommendations for actions to enable future metric

usage.

(b) seek out ways to increase understanding of the metric system

of measurement through educational information and guidance and in

Government publications. The transition to use of metric units in

Government publications should be made as publications are revised

on normal schedules or new publications are developed, or as metric

publications are required in support of metric usage pursuant to

paragraph (a) of this section.

(c) seek the appropriate aid, assistance, and cooperation of

other affected parties, including other Federal, State, and local

agencies and the private sector, in implementing this order.

Appropriate use shall be made of governmental, trade, professional,

and private sector metric coordinating groups to secure the maximum

benefits of this order through proper communication among affected

sectors.

(d) formulate metric transition plans for the department or

agency which shall incorporate the requirements of the Metric

Conversion Act and this order, and which shall be approved by the

department or agency head and be in effect by November 30, 1991.

Copies of approved plans shall be forwarded to the Secretary of

Commerce. Such metric transition plans shall specify, among other

things:

(1) the total scope of the metric transition task for that

department or agency, including firm dates for all metric

accomplishment milestones for the current and subsequent fiscal

year;

(2) plans of the department or agency for specific initiatives to

enhance cooperation with industry, especially small business, as it

voluntarily converts to the metric system, and with all affected

parties in undertaking the requirements of paragraph (a) of this

section; and

(3) specific steps and associated schedules through which the

department or agency will seek to increase understanding of the

metric system through educational information and guidance, and in

department or agency publications.

(e) designate a senior-level official as the Metric Executive for

the department or agency to assist the head of each executive

department or agency in implementing this order. The

responsibilities of the Metric Executive shall include, but not be

limited to:

(1) acting as the department's or agency's policy-level

representative to the ICMP and as a liaison with other government

agencies and private sector groups:

(2) management oversight of department or agency outreach and

response to inquiries and questions from affected parties during

the transition to metric system usage; and

(3) management oversight of preparation of the department's or

agency's metric transition plans and progress reports, including

the Annual Metric Report required by 15 U.S.C. 205j and OMB

Circular A-11.

(4) preparation by June 30, 1992, of an assessment of agency

progress and problems, together with recommendations for steps to

assure successful implementation of the Metric Conversion Act. The

assessment and recommendations shall be approved by the head of the

department or agency and provided to the Secretary by June 30,

1992, for inclusion in the Secretary's October 1, 1992, report on

implementation of this order.

Sec. 3. Application of Resources. The head of each executive

department and agency shall be responsible for implementing and

applying the necessary resources to accomplish the goals set forth

in the Metric Conversion Act and this order.

Sec. 4. Judicial Review. This order is intended only to improve

the internal management of the executive branch and is not intended

to create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural,

enforceable at law by a party against the United States, its

agencies, its officers, or any other person. George Bush.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 205b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION

-HEAD-

Sec. 205b. Declaration of policy

-STATUTE-

It is therefore the declared policy of the United States -

(1) to designate the metric system of measurement as the

preferred system of weights and measures for United States trade

and commerce;

(2) to require that each Federal agency, by a date certain and

to the extent economically feasible by the end of the fiscal year

1992, use the metric system of measurement in its procurements,

grants, and other business-related activities, except to the

extent that such use is impractical or is likely to cause

significant inefficiencies or loss of markets to United States

firms, such as when foreign competitors are producing competing

products in non-metric units;

(3) to seek out ways to increase understanding of the metric

system of measurement through educational information and

guidance and in Government publications; and

(4) to permit the continued use of traditional systems of

weights and measures in non-business activities.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-168, Sec. 3, Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat. 1007; Pub. L.

100-418, title V, Sec. 5164(b), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1452.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1988 - Pub. L. 100-418 amended section generally. Prior to

amendment, section read as follows: ''It is therefore declared that

the policy of the United States shall be to coordinate and plan the

increasing use of the metric system in the United States and to

establish a United States Metric Board to coordinate the voluntary

conversion to the metric system.''

IMPLEMENTATION OF METRIC USAGE IN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

Secretary of Commerce designated to direct and coordinate

implementation of Government metric usage, see section 1 of Ex.

Ord. No. 12770, July 25, 1991, 56 F.R. 35801, set out as a note

under section 205a of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 205l of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 205c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION

-HEAD-

Sec. 205c. Definitions

-STATUTE-

As used in this subchapter, the term -

(1) ''Board'' means the United States Metric Board, established

under section 205d of this title;

(2) ''engineering standard'' means a standard which prescribes

(A) a concise set of conditions and requirements that must be

satisfied by a material, product, process, procedure, convention,

or test method; and (B) the physical, functional, performance

and/or conformance characteristics thereof;

(3) ''international standard or recommendation'' means an

engineering standard or recommendation which is (A) formulated

and promulgated by an international organization and (B)

recommended for adoption by individual nations as a national

standard;

(4) ''metric system of measurement'' means the International

System of Units as established by the General Conference of

Weights and Measures in 1960 and as interpreted or modified for

the United States by the Secretary of Commerce;

(5) ''full and open competition'' has the same meaning as

defined in section 403(6) of title 41;

(6) ''total installed price'' means the price of purchasing a

product or material, trimming or otherwise altering some or all

of that product or material, if necessary to fit with other

building components, and then installing that product or material

into a Federal facility;

(7) ''hard-metric'' means measurement, design, and manufacture

using the metric system of measurement, but does not include

measurement, design, and manufacture using English system

measurement units which are subsequently reexpressed in the

metric system of measurement;

(8) ''cost or pricing data or price analysis'' has the meaning

given such terms in section 254b of title 41; and

(9) ''Federal facility'' means any public building (as defined

under section 3301(a) of title 40 (FOOTNOTE 1) and shall include

any Federal building or construction project -

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Probably should be followed by a

closing parenthesis.

(A) on lands in the public domain;

(B) on lands used in connection with Federal programs for

agriculture research, recreation, and conservation programs;

(C) on or used in connection with river, harbor, flood

control, reclamation, or power projects;

(D) on or used in connection with housing and residential

projects;

(E) on military installations (including any fort, camp,

post, naval training station, airfield, proving ground,

military supply depot, military school, or any similar facility

of the Department of Defense);

(F) on installations of the Department of Veteran (FOOTNOTE

2) Affairs used for hospital or domiciliary purposes; or

(FOOTNOTE 2) So in original. Probably should be ''Veterans''.

(G) on lands used in connection with Federal prisons,

but does not include (i) any Federal building or construction

project the exclusion of which the President deems to be

justified in the public interest, or (ii) any construction

project or building owned or controlled by a State government,

local government, Indian tribe, or any private entity.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-168, Sec. 4, Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat. 1007; Pub. L.

104-289, Sec. 3, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3411.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

''Section 3301(a) of title 40'' substituted in par. (9) for

''section 13 of the Public Buildings Act of 1959 (40 U.S.C. 612)''

on authority of Pub. L. 107-217, Sec. 5(c), Aug. 21, 2002, 116

Stat. 1303, the first section of which enacted Title 40, Public

Buildings, Property, and Works.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pars. (5) to (9). Pub. L. 104-289 added pars. (5) to (9).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT; SAVINGS PROVISION

Section 6 of Pub. L. 104-289 provided that:

''(a) Effective Date. - This Act (See Short Title of 1996

Amendment note set out under section 205a of this title) and the

amendments made by this Act shall take effect 90 days after the

date of enactment of this Act (Oct. 11, 1996).

''(b) Savings Provisions. - This Act shall not apply to contracts

awarded and solicitations issued on or before the effective date of

this Act, unless the head of a Federal agency makes a written

determination in his or her sole discretion that it would be in the

public interest to apply one or more provisions of this Act or its

amendments to these existing contracts or solicitations.''

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 205d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION

-HEAD-

Sec. 205d. United States Metric Board

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

There is established, in accordance with this section, an

independent instrumentality to be known as a United States Metric

Board.

(b) Membership; Chairman; appointment of members; term of office;

vacancies

The Board shall consist of 17 individuals, as follows:

(1) the Chairman, a qualified individual who shall be appointed

by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the

Senate;

(2) sixteen members who shall be appointed by the President, by

and with the advice and consent of the Senate, on the following

basis -

(A) one to be selected from lists of qualified individuals

recommended by engineers and organizations representative of

engineering interests;

(B) one to be selected from lists of qualified individuals

recommended by scientists, the scientific and technical

community, and organizations representative of scientists and

technicians;

(C) one to be selected from a list of qualified individuals

recommended by the National Association of Manufacturers or its

successor;

(D) one to be selected from lists of qualified individuals

recommended by the United States Chamber of Commerce, or its

successor, retailers, and other commercial organizations;

(E) two to be selected from lists of qualified individuals

recommended by the American Federation of Labor and Congress of

Industrial Organizations or its successor, who are

representative of workers directly affected by metric

conversion, and by other organizations representing labor;

(F) one to be selected from a list of qualified individuals

recommended by the National Governors Conference, the National

Council of State Legislatures, and organizations representative

of State and local government;

(G) two to be selected from lists of qualified individuals

recommended by organizations representative of small business;

(H) one to be selected from lists of qualified individuals

representative of the construction industry;

(I) one to be selected from a list of qualified individuals

recommended by the National Conference on Weights and Measures

and standards making organizations;

(J) one to be selected from lists of qualified individuals

recommended by educators, the educational community, and

organizations representative of educational interests; and

(K) four at-large members to represent consumers and other

interests deemed suitable by the President and who shall be

qualified individuals.

As used in this subsection, each ''list'' shall include the names

of at least three individuals for each applicable vacancy. The

terms of office of the members of the Board first taking office

shall expire as designated by the President at the time of

nomination; five at the end of the 2d year; five at the end of the

4th year; and six at the end of the 6th year. The term of office

of the Chairman of such Board shall be 6 years. Members, including

the Chairman, may be appointed to an additional term of 6 years, in

the same manner as the original appointment. Successors to members

of such Board shall be appointed in the same manner as the original

members and shall have terms of office expiring 6 years from the

date of expiration of the terms for which their predecessors were

appointed. Any individual appointed to fill a vacancy occurring

prior to the expiration of any term of office shall be appointed

for the remainder of that term. Beginning 45 days after the date

of incorporation of the Board, six members of such Board shall

constitute a quorum for the transaction of any function of the

Board.

(c) Compulsory powers

Unless otherwise provided by the Congress, the Board shall have

no compulsory powers.

(d) Termination

The Board shall cease to exist when the Congress, by law,

determines that its mission has been accomplished.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-168, Sec. 5, Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat. 1007.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 205c, 205g of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 205e 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION

-HEAD-

Sec. 205e. Functions and powers of Board

-STATUTE-

It shall be the function of the Board to devise and carry out a

broad program of planning, coordination, and public education,

consistent with other national policy and interests, with the aim

of implementing the policy set forth in this subchapter. In

carrying out this program, the Board shall -

(1) consult with and take into account the interests, views,

and conversion costs of United States commerce and industry,

including small business; science; engineering; labor; education;

consumers; government agencies at the Federal, State, and local

level; nationally recognized standards developing and

coordinating organizations; metric conversion planning and

coordinating groups; and such other individuals or groups as are

considered appropriate by the Board to the carrying out of the

purposes of this subchapter. The Board shall take into account

activities underway in the private and public sectors, so as not

to duplicate unnecessarily such activities;

(2) provide for appropriate procedures whereby various groups,

under the auspices of the Board, may formulate, and recommend or

suggest, to the Board specific programs for coordinating

conversion in each industry and segment thereof and specific

dimensions and configurations in the metric system and in other

measurements for general use. Such programs, dimensions, and

configurations shall be consistent with (A) the needs, interests,

and capabilities of manufacturers (large and small), suppliers,

labor, consumers, educators, and other interested groups, and (B)

the national interest;

(3) publicize, in an appropriate manner, proposed programs and

provide an opportunity for interested groups or individuals to

submit comments on such programs. At the request of interested

parties, the Board, in its discretion, may hold hearings with

regard to such programs. Such comments and hearings may be

considered by the Board;

(4) encourage activities of standardization organizations to

develop or revise, as rapidly as practicable, engineering

standards on a metric measurement basis, and to take advantage of

opportunities to promote (A) rationalization or simplification of

relationships, (B) improvements of design, (C) reduction of size

variations, (D) increases in economy, and (E) where feasible, the

efficient use of energy and the conservation of natural

resources;

(5) encourage the retention, in new metric language standards,

of those United States engineering designs, practices, and

conventions that are internationally accepted or that embody

superior technology;

(6) consult and cooperate with foreign governments, and

intergovernmental organizations, in collaboration with the

Department of State, and, through appropriate member bodies, with

private international organizations, which are or become

concerned with the encouragement and coordination of increased

use of metric measurement units or engineering standards based on

such units, or both. Such consultation shall include efforts,

where appropriate, to gain international recognition for metric

standards proposed by the United States, and, during the United

States conversion, to encourage retention of equivalent customary

units, usually by way of dual dimensions, in international

standards or recommendations;

(7) assist the public through information and education

programs, to become familiar with the meaning and applicability

of metric terms and measures in daily life. Such programs shall

include -

(A) public information programs conducted by the Board,

through the use of newspapers, magazines, radio, television,

and other media, and through talks before appropriate citizens'

groups, and trade and public organizations;

(B) counseling and consultation by the Secretary of

Education; the Secretary of Labor; the Administrator of the

Small Business Administration; and the Director of the National

Science Foundation, with educational associations, State and

local educational agencies, labor education committees,

apprentice training committees, and other interested groups, in

order to assure (i) that the metric system of measurement is

included in the curriculum of the Nation's educational

institutions, and (ii) that teachers and other appropriate

personnel are properly trained to teach the metric system of

measurement;

(C) consultation by the Secretary of Commerce with the

National Conference of Weights and Measures in order to assure

that State and local weights and measures officials are (i)

appropriately involved in metric conversion activities and (ii)

assisted in their efforts to bring about timely amendments to

weights and measures laws; and

(D) such other public information activities, by any Federal

agency in support of this subchapter, as relate to the mission

of such agency;

(8) collect, analyze, and publish information about the extent

of usage of metric measurements; evaluate the costs and benefits

of metric usage; and make efforts to minimize any adverse effects

resulting from increasing metric usage;

(9) conduct research, including appropriate surveys; publish

the results of such research; and recommend to the Congress and

to the President such action as may be appropriate to deal with

any unresolved problems, issues, and questions associated with

metric conversion, or usage, such problems, issues, and questions

may include, but are not limited to, the impact on workers (such

as costs of tools and training) and on different occupations and

industries, possible increased costs to consumers, the impact on

society and the economy, effects on small business, the impact on

the international trade position of the United States, the

appropriateness of and methods for using procurement by the

Federal Government as a means to effect conversion to the metric

system, the proper conversion or transition period in particular

sectors of society, and consequences for national defense;

(10) submit annually to the Congress and to the President a

report on its activities. Each such report shall include a

status report on the conversion process as well as projections

for the conversion process. Such report may include

recommendations covering any legislation or executive action

needed to implement the the (FOOTNOTE 1) programs of conversion

accepted by the Board. The Board may also submit such other

reports and recommendations as it deems necessary; and

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original.

(11) submit to the Congress and to the President, not later

than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Act making

appropriations for carrying out this subchapter, a report on the

need to provide an effective structural mechanism for converting

customary units to metric units in statutes, regulations, and

other laws at all levels of government, on a coordinated and

timely basis, in response to voluntary conversion programs

adopted and implemented by various sectors of society under the

auspices and with the approval of the Board. If the Board

determines that such a need exists, such report shall include

recommendations as to appropriate and effective means for

establishing and implementing such a mechanism.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-168, Sec. 6, Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat. 1008; Pub. L.

96-88, title III, Sec. 301, title V, Sec. 507, Oct. 17, 1979, 93

Stat. 677, 692.)

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

''Secretary of Education'' substituted for ''Secretary of Health,

Education, and Welfare'' in par. (7)(B) pursuant to sections 301

and 507 of Pub. L. 96-88, which are classified to sections 3441 and

3507 of Title 20, Education.

-MISC5-

TERMINATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions in par.

(10) of this section relating to annual report to Congress, see

section 3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, as amended, set out as a note under

section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance, and page 194 of House

Document No. 103-7.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 205f 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION

-HEAD-

Sec. 205f. Duties of Board

-STATUTE-

In carrying out its duties under this subchapter, the Board may -

(1) establish an Executive Committee, and such other committees

as it deems desirable;

(2) establish such committees and advisory panels as it deems

necessary to work with the various sectors of the Nation's

economy and with Federal and State governmental agencies in the

development and implementation of detailed conversion plans for

those sectors. The Board may reimburse, to the extent authorized

by law, the members of such committees;

(3) conduct hearings at such times and places as it deems

appropriate;

(4) enter into contracts, in accordance with the Federal

Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, (FOOTNOTE 1) as

amended, with Federal or State agencies, private firms,

institutions, and individuals for the conduct of research or

surveys, the preparation of reports, and other activities

necessary to the discharge of its duties;

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

(5) delegate to the Executive Director such authority as it

deems advisable; and

(6) perform such other acts as may be necessary to carry out

the duties prescribed by this subchapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-168, Sec. 7, Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat. 1011.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949,

referred to in par. (4), is act June 30, 1949, ch. 288, 63 Stat.

377, as amended. Except for title III of the Act, which is

classified generally to subchapter IV (Sec. 251 et seq.) of chapter

4 of Title 41, Public Contracts, the Act was repealed and reenacted

by Pub. L. 107-217, Sec. 1, 6(b), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1062,

1304, as chapters 1 to 11 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property,

and Works.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 205g 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION

-HEAD-

Sec. 205g. Gifts, donations and bequests to Board

-STATUTE-

(a) Authorization; deposit into Treasury and disbursement

The Board may accept, hold, administer, and utilize gifts,

donations, and bequests of property, both real and personal, and

personal services, for the purpose of aiding or facilitating the

work of the Board. Gifts and bequests of money, and the proceeds

from the sale of any other property received as gifts or requests,

shall be deposited in the Treasury in a separate fund and shall be

disbursed upon order of the Board.

(b) Federal income, estate, and gift taxation of property

For purpose of Federal income, estate, and gift taxation,

property accepted under subsection (a) of this section shall be

considered as a gift or bequest to or for the use of the United

States.

(c) Investment of moneys; disbursement of accrued income

Upon the request of the Board, the Secretary of the Treasury may

invest and reinvest, in securities of the United States, any moneys

contained in the fund authorized in subsection (a) of this

section. Income accruing from such securities, and from any other

property accepted to the credit of such fund, shall be dispersed

upon the order of the Board.

(d) Reversion to Treasury of unexpended funds

Funds not expended by the Board as of the date when it ceases to

exist, in accordance with section 205d(d) of this title, shall

revert to the Treasury of the United States as of such date.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-168, Sec. 8, Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat. 1011.)

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 205h 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION

-HEAD-

Sec. 205h. Compensation of Board members; travel expenses

-STATUTE-

Members of the Board who are not in the regular full-time employ

of the United States shall, while attending meetings or conferences

of the Board or while otherwise engaged in the business of the

Board, be entitled to receive compensation at a rate not to exceed

the daily rate currently being paid grade 18 of the General

Schedule (under section 5332 of title 5), including traveltime.

While so serving, on the business of the Board away from their

homes or regular places of business, members of the Board may be

allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence,

as authorized by section 5703 of title 5, for persons employed

intermittently in the Government service. Payments under this

section shall not render members of the Board employees or

officials of the United States for any purpose. Members of the

Board who are in the employ of the United States shall be entitled

to travel expenses when traveling on the business of the Board.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-168, Sec. 9, Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat. 1011.)

-MISC1-

REFERENCES IN OTHER LAWS TO GS-16, 17, OR 18 PAY RATES

References in laws to the rates of pay for GS-16, 17, or 18, or

to maximum rates of pay under the General Schedule, to be

considered references to rates payable under specified sections of

Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, see section 529

(title I, Sec. 101(c)(1)) of Pub. L. 101-509, set out in a note

under section 5376 of Title 5.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 205i 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION

-HEAD-

Sec. 205i. Personnel

-STATUTE-

(a) Executive Director; appointment; tenure; duties

The Board shall appoint a qualified individual to serve as the

Executive Director of the Board at the pleasure of the Board. The

Executive Director, subject to the direction of the Board, shall be

responsible to the Board and shall carry out the metric conversion

program, pursuant to the provisions of this subchapter and the

policies established by the Board.

(b) Executive Director; salary

The Executive Director of the Board shall serve full time and be

subject to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of

chapter 53 of title 5. The annual salary of the Executive Director

shall not exceed level III of the Executive Schedule under section

5314 of such title.

(c) Staff personnel; appointment and compensation

The Board may appoint and fix the compensation of such staff

personnel as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this

subchapter in accordance with the provisions of chapter 51 and

subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5.

(d) Experts and consultants; employment and compensation; annual

review of contracts

The Board may (1) employ experts and consultants or organizations

thereof, as authorized by section 3109 of title 5; (2) compensate

individuals so employed at rates not in excess of the rate

currently being paid grade 18 of the General Schedule under section

5332 of such title, including traveltime; and (3) may allow such

individuals, while away from their homes or regular places of

business, travel expenses (including per diem in lieu of

subsistence) as authorized by section 5703 of such title 5 for

persons in the Government service employed intermittently:

Provided, however, That contracts for such temporary employment may

be renewed annually.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-168, Sec. 10, Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat. 1012.)

-MISC1-

REFERENCES IN OTHER LAWS TO GS-16, 17, OR 18 PAY RATES

References in laws to the rates of pay for GS-16, 17, or 18, or

to maximum rates of pay under the General Schedule, to be

considered references to rates payable under specified sections of

Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, see section 529

(title I, Sec. 101(c)(1)) of Pub. L. 101-509, set out in a note

under section 5376 of Title 5.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 205j 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION

-HEAD-

Sec. 205j. Financial and administrative services; source and

reimbursement

-STATUTE-

Financial and administrative services, including those related to

budgeting, accounting, financial reporting, personnel, and

procurement, and such other staff services as may be needed by the

Board, may be obtained by the Board from the Secretary of Commerce

or other appropriate sources in the Federal Government. Payment for

such services shall be made by the Board, in advance or by

reimbursement, from funds of the Board in such amounts as may be

agreed upon by the Chairman of the Board and by the source of the

services being rendered.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-168, Sec. 11, Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat. 1012.)

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 205j-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION

-HEAD-

Sec. 205j-1. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-66, title III, Sec. 3001(e),

Dec. 21, 1995, 109 Stat. 734

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 94-168, Sec. 12, as added Pub. L. 100-418, title

V, Sec. 5164(c), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1452, related to agency

guidelines to carry out metric conversion policy.

A prior section 12 of Pub. L. 94-168 was renumbered section 13

and is classified to section 205k of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 205k 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION

-HEAD-

Sec. 205k. Authorization of appropriations; availability

-STATUTE-

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be

necessary to carry out the provisions of this subchapter.

Appropriations to carry out the provisions of this subchapter may

remain available for obligation and expenditure for such period or

periods as may be specified in the Acts making such appropriations.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-168, Sec. 13, formerly Sec. 12, Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat.

1012, renumbered Sec. 13, Pub. L. 100-418, title V, Sec. 5164(c),

Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1452.)

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 205l 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER II - METRIC CONVERSION

-HEAD-

Sec. 205l. Implementation in acquisition of construction services

and materials for Federal facilities

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

Construction services and materials for Federal facilities shall

be procured in accordance with the policies and procedures set

forth in chapter 137 of title 10, section 2377 of title 10, title

III of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949

(41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.), and section 205b(2) of this title.

Determination of a design method shall be based upon preliminary

market research as required under section 2377(c) of title 10 and

section 314B(c) of the Federal Property and Administrative Services

Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 264b(c)). If the requirements of this

subchapter conflict with the provisions of section 2377 of title 10

or section 314B of the Federal Property and Administrative Services

Act of 1949, then the provisions of (FOOTNOTE 1) 2377 or 314B shall

take precedence.

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Probably should be followed by

''section''.

(b) Concrete masonry units

In carrying out the policy set forth in section 205b of this

title (with particular emphasis on the policy set forth in

paragraph (2) of that section) a Federal agency may require that

specifications for the acquisition of structures or systems of

concrete masonry be expressed under the metric system of

measurement, but may not incorporate specifications, that can only

be satisfied by hard-metric versions of concrete masonry units, in

a solicitation for design or construction of a Federal facility

within the United States or its territories, or a portion of said

Federal facility, unless the head of the agency determines in

writing that -

(1) hard-metric specifications are necessary in a contract for

the repair or replacement of parts of Federal facilities in

existence or under construction upon the effective date of the

Savings in Construction Act of 1996; or

(2) the following 2 criteria are met:

(A) the application requires hard-metric concrete masonry

units to coordinate dimensionally into 100 millimeter building

modules; and

(B) the total installed price of hard-metric concrete masonry

units is estimated to be equal to or less than the total

installed price of using non-hard-metric concrete masonry

units. Total installed price estimates shall be based, to the

extent available, on cost or pricing data or price analysis,

using actual hard-metric and non-hard-metric offers received

for comparable existing projects. The head of the agency shall

include in the writing required in this subsection an

explanation of the factors used to develop the price estimates.

(c) Recessed lighting fixtures

In carrying out the policy set forth in section 205b of this

title (with particular emphasis on the policy set forth in

paragraph (2) of that section) a Federal agency may require that

specifications for the acquisition of structures or systems of

recessed lighting fixtures be expressed under the metric system of

measurement, but may not incorporate specifications, that can only

be satisfied by hard-metric versions of recessed lighting fixtures,

in a solicitation for design or construction of a Federal facility

within the United States or its territories unless the head of the

agency determines in writing that -

(1) the predominant voluntary industry consensus standards

include the use of hard-metric for the items specified; or

(2) hard-metric specifications are necessary in a contract for

the repair or replacement of parts of Federal facilities in

existence or under construction upon the effective date of the

Savings in Construction Act of 1996; or

(3) the following 2 criteria are met:

(A) the application requires hard-metric recessed lighting

fixtures to coordinate dimensionally into 100 millimeter

building modules; and

(B) the total installed price of hard-metric recessed

lighting fixtures is estimated to be equal to or less than the

total installed price of using non-hard-metric recessed

lighting fixtures. Total installed price estimates shall be

based, to the extent available, on cost or pricing data or

price analysis, using actual hard-metric and non-hard-metric

offers received for comparable existing projects. The head of

the agency shall include in the writing required in this

subsection an explanation of the factors used to develop the

price estimates.

(d) Limitation

The provisions of subsections (b) and (c) of this section shall

not apply to Federal contracts to acquire construction products for

the construction of facilities outside of the United States and its

territories.

(e) Expiration

The provisions contained in subsections (b) and (c) of this

section shall expire 10 years from the effective date of the

Savings in Construction Act of 1996.

(f) Agency ombudsman

(1) The head of each executive agency that awards construction

contracts within the United States and its territories shall

designate a senior agency official to serve as a construction

metrication ombudsman who shall be responsible for reviewing and

responding to complaints from prospective bidders, subcontractors,

suppliers, or their designated representatives related to -

(A) guidance or regulations issued by the agency on the use of

the metric system of measurement in contracts for the

construction of Federal buildings; and

(B) the use of the metric system of measurement for services

and materials required for incorporation in individual projects

to construct Federal buildings.

The construction metrication ombudsman shall be independent of the

contracting officer for construction contracts.

(2) The ombudsman shall be responsible for ensuring that the

agency is not implementing the metric system of measurement in a

manner that is impractical or is likely to cause significant

inefficiencies or loss of markets to United States firms in

violation of the policy stated in section 205b(2) of this title, or

is otherwise inconsistent with guidance issued by the Secretary of

Commerce in consultation with the Interagency Council on Metric

Policy while ensuring that the goals of this subchapter are

observed.

(3) The ombudsman shall respond to each complaint in writing

within 60 days and make a recommendation to the head of the

executive agency for an appropriate resolution thereto. In such a

recommendation, the ombudsman shall consider -

(A) whether the agency is adequately applying the policies and

procedures in this section;

(B) whether the availability of hard-metric products and

services from United States firms is sufficient to ensure full

and open competition; and

(C) the total installed price to the Federal Government.

(4) After the head of the agency has rendered a decision

regarding a recommendation of the ombudsman, the ombudsman shall be

responsible for communicating the decision to all appropriate

policy, design, planning, procurement, and notifying personnel in

the agency. The ombudsman shall conduct appropriate monitoring as

required to ensure the decision is implemented, and may submit

further recommendations, as needed. The head of the agency's

decision on the ombudsman's recommendations, and any supporting

documentation, shall be provided to affected parties and made

available to the public in a timely manner.

(5) Nothing in this section shall be construed to supersede the

bid protest process established under subchapter V of chapter 35 of

title 31.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-168, Sec. 14, as added and amended Pub. L. 104-289,

Sec. 4(a), 5, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3412, 3414.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949,

referred to in subsec. (a), is act June 30, 1949, ch. 288, 63 Stat.

377, as amended. Title III of the Act is classified generally to

subchapter IV (Sec. 251 et seq.) of chapter 4 of Title 41, Public

Contracts. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see

Tables.

The effective date of the Savings in Construction Act of 1996,

referred to in subsecs. (b)(1), (c)(2), and (e), is 90 days after

Oct. 11, 1996. See Effective Date of 1996 Amendment; Savings

Provision note set out under section 205c of this title.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-289, Sec. 5, added subsec. (f).

EFFECTIVE DATE; SAVINGS PROVISION

Section effective 90 days after Oct. 11, 1996, and inapplicable

to contracts awarded and solicitations issued on or before that

date, unless head of Federal agency makes written determination

that it would be in public interest to apply one or more provisions

of Pub. L. 104-289 to these existing contracts or solicitations,

see section 6(b) of Pub. L. 104-289, set out as an Effective Date

of 1996 Amendment; Savings Provision note under section 205c of

this title.

-CITE-

15 USC SUBCHAPTER III - STANDARD GAUGE FOR IRON AND STEEL 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER III - STANDARD GAUGE FOR IRON AND STEEL

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER III - STANDARD GAUGE FOR IRON AND STEEL

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 206 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER III - STANDARD GAUGE FOR IRON AND STEEL

-HEAD-

Sec. 206. Standard gauge for sheet and plate iron and steel

-STATUTE-

For the purpose of securing uniformity the following is

established as the only standard gauge for sheet and plate iron and

steel in the United States of America, namely:

--------------------------------------

Number of gauge

0000000

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 1/2

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .5

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 12.7

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 320

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 20.00

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 9.072

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 97.65

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 215.28

000000

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 15/32

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .46875

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 11.90625

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 300

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 18.75

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 8.505

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 91.55

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 201.82

00000

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 7/16

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .4375

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 11.1125

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 280

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 17.50

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 7.983

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 85.44

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 188.37

0000

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 13/32

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .40625

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 10.31875

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 260

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 16.25

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 7.371

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 79.33

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 174.91

000

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 3/8

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .375

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 9.525

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 240

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 15

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 6.804

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 73.24

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 161.46

00

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 11/32

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .34375

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 8.73125

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 220

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 13.75

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 6.237

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 67.13

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 148.00

0

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 5/16

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .3125

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 7.9375

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 200

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 12.50

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 5.67

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 61.03

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 134.55

1

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 9/32

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .28125

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 7.14375

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 180

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 11.25

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 5.103

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 54.93

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 121.09

2

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 17/64

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .265625

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 6.746875

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 170

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 10.625

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 4.819

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 51.88

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 114.37

3

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 1/4

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .25

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 6.35

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 160

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 10

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 4.536

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 48.82

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 107.64

4

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 15/64

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .234375

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 5.953125

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 150

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 9.375

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 4.252

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 45.77

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 100.91

5

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 7/32

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .21875

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 5.55625

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 140

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 8.75

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 3.969

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 42.72

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 94.18

6

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 13/64

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .203125

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 5.159375

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 130

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 8.125

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 3.685

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 39.67

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 87.45

7

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 3/16

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .1875

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 4.7625

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 120

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 7.5

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 3.402

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 36.62

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 80.72

8

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 11/64

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .171875

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 4.365625

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 110

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 6.875

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 3.118

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 33.57

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 74.00

9

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 5/32

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .15625

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 3.96875

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 100

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 6.25

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 2.835

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 30.52

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 67.27

10

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 9/64

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .140625

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 3.571875

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 90

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 5.625

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 2.552

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 27.46

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 60.55

11

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 1/8

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .125

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 3.175

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 80

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 5

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 2.268

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 24.41

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 53.82

12

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 7/64

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .109375

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 2.778125

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 70

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 4.375

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 1.984

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 21.36

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 47.09

13

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 3/32

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .09375

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 2.38125

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 60

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 3.75

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 1.701

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 18.31

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 40.36

14

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 5/64

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .078125

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 1.984375

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 50

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 3.125

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 1.417

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 15.26

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 33.64

15

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 9/128

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .0703125

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 1.7859375

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 45

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 2.8125

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 1.276

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 13.73

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 30.27

16

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 1/16

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .0625

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 1.5875

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 40

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 2.5

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 1.134

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 12.21

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 26.91

17

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 9/160

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .05625

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 1.42875

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 36

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 2.25

Weight per square foot in kilograms: 1.021

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 10.99

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 24.22

18

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 1/20

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .05

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 1.27

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 32

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 2

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .9072

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 9.765

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 21.53

19

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 7/160

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .04375

Approximate thickness in millimeters: 1.11125

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 28

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 1.75

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .7938

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 8.544

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 18.84

20

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 3/80

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .0375

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .9525

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 24

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 1.50

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .6804

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 7.324

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 16.15

21

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 11/320

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .034375

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .873125

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 22

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 1.375

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .6237

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 6.713

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 14.80

22

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 1/32

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .03125

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .793750

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 20

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 1.25

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .567

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 6.103

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 13.46

23

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 9/320

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .028125

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .714375

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 18

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 1.125

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .5103

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 5.493

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 12.11

24

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 1/40

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .025

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .635

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 16

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: 1

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .4536

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 4.882

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 10.76

25

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 7/320

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .021875

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .555625

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 14

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: .875

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .3969

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 4.272

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 9.42

26

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 3/160

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .01875

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .47625

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 12

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: .75

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .3402

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 3.662

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 8.07

27

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 11/640

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .0171875

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .4365625

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 11

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: .6875

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .3119

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 3.357

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 7.40

28

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 1/64

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .015625

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .396875

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 10

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: .625

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .2835

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 3.052

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 6.73

29

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 9/640

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .0140625

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .3571875

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 9

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: .5625

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .2551

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 2.746

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 6.05

30

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 1/80

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .0125

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .3175

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 8

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: .5

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .2268

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 2.441

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 5.38

31

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 7/640

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .0109375

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .2778125

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 7

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: .4375

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .1984

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 2.136

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 4.71

32

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 13/1280

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .01015625

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .25796875

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 6 1/2

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: .40625

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .1843

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 1.983

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 4.37

33

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 3/320

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .009375

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .238125

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 6

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: .375

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .1701

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 1.831

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 4.04

34

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 11/1280

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .00859375

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .21828125

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 5 1/2

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: .34375

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .1559

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 1.678

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 3.70

35

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 5/640

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .0078125

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .1984375

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 5

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: .3125

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .1417

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 1.526

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 3.36

36

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 9/1280

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .00703125

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .17859375

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 4 1/2

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: .28125

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .1276

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 1.373

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 3.03

37

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 17/2560

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .006640625

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .168671875

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 4 1/4

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: .265625

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .1205

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 1.297

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 2.87

38

Approximate thickness in fractions of an inch: 1/160

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch: .00625

Approximate thickness in millimeters: .15875

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois: 4

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois: .25

Weight per square foot in kilograms: .1134

Weight per square meter in kilograms: 1.221

Weight per square meter in pounds avoirdupois: 2.69

--------------------------------------

The same and no other shall be used in determining duties and

taxes levied by the United States of America on sheet and plate

iron and steel. But this subchapter shall not be construed to

increase duties upon any articles which may be imported.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 3, 1893, ch. 221, Sec. 1, 27 Stat. 746.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This subchapter, referred to in text, was in the original ''this

act'', meaning act Mar. 3, 1893, ch. 221, 27 Stat. 746, which is

classified to sections 206 to 208 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 207, 208 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 207 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER III - STANDARD GAUGE FOR IRON AND STEEL

-HEAD-

Sec. 207. Preparation of standards by Secretary of Commerce

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Commerce is authorized and required to prepare

suitable standards in accordance with section 206 of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 3, 1893, ch. 221, Sec. 2, 27 Stat. 746; Feb. 14, 1903, ch.

552, Sec. 10, 32 Stat. 829; Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 141, Sec. 1, 37 Stat.

736.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Act Mar. 4, 1913, created Department of Labor, and renamed

Department of Commerce and Labor as Department of Commerce.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Act Feb. 14, 1903, transferred National Bureau of Standards from

Treasury Department to Department of Commerce and Labor.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 206 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 208 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER III - STANDARD GAUGE FOR IRON AND STEEL

-HEAD-

Sec. 208. Variations

-STATUTE-

In the practical use and application of the standard gauge

esablished (FOOTNOTE 1) in section 206 of this title a variation of

2 1/2 percent, either way may be allowed.

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Probably should be

''established''.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 3, 1893, ch. 221, Sec. 3, 27 Stat. 746.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 206 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC SUBCHAPTER IV - SCREW THREADS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER IV - SCREW THREADS

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER IV - SCREW THREADS

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 208a to 212 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER IV - SCREW THREADS

-HEAD-

Sec. 208a to 212. Repealed. Pub. L. 89-554, Sec. 8(a), Sept. 6,

1966, 80 Stat. 644, 646

-MISC1-

Sections, acts July 18, 1918, ch. 156, Sec. 1-5, 40 Stat. 912,

913; Mar. 3, 1919, ch. 96, 40 Stat. 1291; Apr. 16, 1926, ch. 148,

44 Stat. 297, created Commission for the Standardization of Screw

Threads and provided for composition of Commission, its duties, and

pay.

-CITE-

15 USC SUBCHAPTER V - STANDARDS OF ELECTRICITY 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER V - STANDARDS OF ELECTRICITY

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER V - STANDARDS OF ELECTRICITY

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 221, 222 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER V - STANDARDS OF ELECTRICITY

-HEAD-

Sec. 221, 222. Repealed. July 21, 1950, ch. 484, Sec. 13, 64 Stat.

370

-MISC1-

Sections, act July 12, 1894, ch. 131, Sec. 1, 2, 28 Stat. 101,

102, related to units of electrical measure. See sections 223 and

224 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 223 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER V - STANDARDS OF ELECTRICITY

-HEAD-

Sec. 223. Units of electrical measure

-STATUTE-

From and after July 21, 1950, the legal units of electrical and

photometric measurement in the United States of America shall be

those defined and established as provided in the following

paragraphs.

Resistance-ohm

The unit of electrical resistance shall be the ohm, which is

equal to one thousand million units of resistance of the

centimeter-gram-second system of electromagnetic units.

Current-ampere

The unit of electric current shall be the ampere, which is

one-tenth of the unit of current of the centimeter-gram-second

system of electromagnetic units.

Electromotive force and electric potential-volt

The unit of electromotive force and of electric potential shall

be the volt, which is the electromotive force that, steadily

applied to a conductor whose resistance is one ohm, will produce a

current of one ampere.

Quantity-coulomb

The unit of electric quantity shall be the coulomb, which is the

quantity of electricity transferred by a current of one ampere in

one second.

Capacitance-farad

The unit of electrical capacitance shall be the farad, which is

the capacitance of a capacitor that is charged to a potential of

one volt by one coulomb of electricity.

Inductance-henry

The unit of electrical inductance shall be the henry, which is

the inductance in a circuit such that an electromotive force of one

volt is induced in the circuit by variation of an inducing current

at the rate of one ampere per second.

Power-watt

The unit of power shall be the watt, which is equal to ten

million units of power in the centimeter-gram-second system, and

which is the power required to cause an unvarying current of one

ampere to flow between points differing in potential by one volt.

Energy - joule; kilowatt - hour

The units of energy shall be (a) the joule, which is equivalent

to the energy supplied by a power of one watt operating for one

second, and (b) the kilowatt-hour, which is equivalent to the

energy supplied by a power of one thousand watts operating for one

hour.

Intensity of light - candela

The unit of intensity of light shall be the candela, which is

one-sixtieth of the intensity of one square centimeter of a perfect

radiator, known as a ''black body'', when operated at the

temperature of freezing platinum.

Flux of light - lumen

The unit of flux of light shall be the lumen, which is the flux

in a unit of solid angle from a source of which is the intensity is

one candela.

-SOURCE-

(July 21, 1950, ch. 484, Sec. 1-11, 64 Stat. 369; Pub. L. 88-165,

Nov. 4, 1963, 77 Stat. 299.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1963 - Pub. L. 88-165 substituted ''candela'' for ''candle''

wherever appearing.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 224 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER V - STANDARDS OF ELECTRICITY

-HEAD-

Sec. 224. Establishment of values of primary electric and

photometric units in absolute measure; legal values

-STATUTE-

It shall be the duty of the Secretary of Commerce to establish

the values of the primary electric and photometric units in

absolute measure, and the legal values for these units shall be

those represented by, or derived from, national reference standards

maintained by the Department of Commerce.

-SOURCE-

(July 21, 1950, ch. 484, Sec. 12, 64 Stat. 370.)

-CITE-

15 USC SUBCHAPTER VI - STANDARD BARRELS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VI - STANDARD BARRELS

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER VI - STANDARD BARRELS

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 231 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VI - STANDARD BARRELS

-HEAD-

Sec. 231. Standard barrel for apples; steel barrels

-STATUTE-

The standard barrel for apples shall be of the following

dimensions when measured without distention of its parts: Length of

stave, twenty-eight and one-half inches; diameter of head,

seventeen and one-eighth inches; distance between heads, twenty-six

inches; circumference of bulge, sixty-four inches outside

measurement, representing as nearly as possible seven thousand and

fifty-six cubic inches: Provided, That steel barrels containing the

interior dimensions provided for in this section shall be construed

as a compliance therewith.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 3, 1912, ch. 273, Sec. 1, 37 Stat. 250.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 232, 233 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 232 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VI - STANDARD BARRELS

-HEAD-

Sec. 232. Barrels below standard; marking

-STATUTE-

All barrels packed with apples shall be deemed to be below

standard if the barrel bears any statement, design, or device

indicating that the barrel is a standard barrel of apples, as

defined in section 231 of this title, and the capacity of the

barrel is less than the capacity prescribed by said section, unless

the barrel shall be plainly marked on end and side with words or

figures showing the fractional relation which the actual capacity

of the barrel bears to the capacity prescribed by said section.

The marking required by this section shall be in block letters of

size not less than seventy-two point (one-inch) gothic.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 3, 1912, ch. 273, Sec. 4, 37 Stat. 251.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 233 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 233 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VI - STANDARD BARRELS

-HEAD-

Sec. 233. Penalty for violations

-STATUTE-

Any person, firm, or corporation, or association who shall

knowingly pack or cause to be packed apples in barrels, or who

shall knowingly sell or offer for sale such barrels in violation of

the provisions of this Act shall be liable to a penalty of $1 and

costs for each such barrel so sold or offered for sale, to be

recovered at the suit of the United States in any court of the

United States having jurisdiction.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 3, 1912, ch. 273, Sec. 6, 37 Stat. 251.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This Act, referred to in text, is act Aug. 3, 1912, ch. 273, Sec.

1-6, 37 Stat. 250, 251, which is classified to sections 231 to 233

of this title and to sections 20 to 23 of Title 21, Food and Drugs.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

This section is also set out as section 23 of Title 21, Food and

Drugs.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 234 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VI - STANDARD BARRELS

-HEAD-

Sec. 234. Standard barrel for fruits or other dry commodity

-STATUTE-

The standard barrel for fruits, vegetables, and other dry

commodities other than cranberries shall be of the following

dimensions when measured without distention of its parts: Length of

stave, twenty-eight and one-half inches; diameter of heads,

seventeen and one-eighth inches; distance between heads, twenty-six

inches; circumference of bulge, sixty-four inches, outside

measurement; and the thickness of staves not greater than

four-tenths of an inch: Provided, That any barrel of a different

form having a capacity of seven thousand and fifty-six cubic inches

shall be a standard barrel. The standard barrel for cranberries

shall be of the following dimensions when measured without

distention of its parts: Length of staves, twenty-eight and

one-half inches; diameter of head, sixteen and one-fourth inches;

distance between heads, twenty-five and one-fourth inches;

circumference of bulge, fifty-eight and one-half inches, outside

measurement; and the thickness of staves not greater than

four-tenths of an inch.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 4, 1915, ch. 158, Sec. 1, 38 Stat. 1186.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 235, 236 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 235 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VI - STANDARD BARRELS

-HEAD-

Sec. 235. Sale or shipment of barrel of less capacity than

standard; punishment

-STATUTE-

It shall be unlawful to sell, offer, or expose for sale in any

State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, or to ship from any

State, Territory, or the District of Columbia to any other State,

Territory, or the District of Columbia or to a foreign country, a

barrel containing fruits or vegetables or any other dry commodity

of less capacity than the standard barrels defined in section 234

of this title, known as the third, half, and three-quarters barrel,

and any person guilty of a willful violation of any of the

provisions of sections 234 to 236 of this title shall be deemed

guilty of a misdemeanor and be liable to a fine not to exceed $500,

or imprisonment not to exceed six months, in the court of the

United States having jurisdiction: Provided, however, That no

barrel shall be deemed below standard within the meaning of said

sections when shipped to any foreign country and constructed

according to the specifications or directions of the foreign

purchaser if not constructed in conflict with the laws of the

foreign country to which the same is intended to be shipped.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 4, 1915, ch. 158, Sec. 2, 38 Stat. 1186.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 236 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 236 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VI - STANDARD BARRELS

-HEAD-

Sec. 236. Variations from standard permitted; prosecutions; law not

applicable to certain barrels

-STATUTE-

Reasonable variations shall be permitted and tolerance shall be

established by rules and regulations made by the Director of the

National Institute of Standards and Technology and approved by the

Secretary of Commerce. Prosecutions for offenses under this section

or sections 234 or 235 of this title may be begun upon complaint of

local sealers of weights and measures or other officers of the

several States and Territories appointed to enforce the laws of the

said States or Territories, respectively, relating to weights and

measures: Provided, however, That nothing in this section or

sections 234 and 235 of this title shall apply to barrels used in

packing or shipping commodities sold exclusively by weight or

numerical count.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 4, 1915, ch. 158, Sec. 3, 38 Stat. 1187; Pub. L. 100-418,

title V, Sec. 5115(c), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1433.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1988 - Pub. L. 100-418 substituted ''National Institute of

Standards and Technology'' for ''Bureau of Standards''.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of all other officers of Department of Commerce and

functions of all agencies and employees of such Department, with a

few exceptions, transferred to Secretary of Commerce, with power

vested in him to authorize their performance or performance of any

of his functions by any of such officers, agencies, and employees,

by Reorg. Plan No. 5 of 1950, Sec. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15

F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1263, set out in the Appendix to Title 5,

Government Organization and Employees.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 235 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 237 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VI - STANDARD BARRELS

-HEAD-

Sec. 237. Standard barrels for lime

-STATUTE-

There is established a large and a small barrel of lime, the

large barrel to consist of two hundred and eighty pounds and the

small barrel to consist of one hundred and eighty pounds, net

weight.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 23, 1916, ch. 396, Sec. 1, 39 Stat. 530.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 240, 241, 242 of this

title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 238 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VI - STANDARD BARRELS

-HEAD-

Sec. 238. Penalty for selling in barrels not marked

-STATUTE-

It shall be unlawful for any person to sell or offer for sale

lime imported in barrels from a foreign country, or to sell or

offer for sale lime in barrels for shipment from any State or

Territory or the District of Columbia, to any other State or

Territory or the District of Columbia, unless there shall be

stenciled or otherwise clearly marked on one or both heads of the

small barrel the figures ''180 lbs. net'' and of the large barrel

the figures ''280 lbs. net'' before the importation or shipment,

and on either barrel in addition the name of the manufacturer of

the lime and where manufactured, and, if imported, the name of the

country from which it is imported.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 23, 1916, ch. 396, Sec. 2, 39 Stat. 530.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 240, 241, 242 of this

title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 239 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VI - STANDARD BARRELS

-HEAD-

Sec. 239. Sale in containers of less capacity than barrel

-STATUTE-

When lime is sold in interstate or foreign commerce in containers

of less capacity than the standard small barrel, it shall be sold

in fractional parts of said standard small barrel, and the net

weight of lime contained in such container shall by stencil or

otherwise be clearly marked thereon, together with the name of the

manufacturer thereof, and the name of the brand, if any, under

which it is sold, and, if imported, the name of the country from

which it is imported.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 23, 1916, ch. 396, Sec. 3, 39 Stat. 530.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 240, 241, 242 of this

title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 240 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VI - STANDARD BARRELS

-HEAD-

Sec. 240. Rules and regulations

-STATUTE-

Rules and regulations for the enforcement of sections 237 to 242

of this title, not inconsistent with the provisions of said

sections, shall be made by the Director of the National Institute

of Standards and Technology and approved by the Secretary of

Commerce, and such rules and regulations shall include reasonable

variations or tolerances which may be allowed.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 23, 1916, ch. 396, Sec. 4, 39 Stat. 531; Pub. L. 100-418,

title V, Sec. 5115(c), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1433.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1988 - Pub. L. 100-418 substituted ''National Institute of

Standards and Technology'' for ''Bureau of Standards''.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of all other officers of Department of Commerce and

functions of all agencies and employees of such Department, with a

few exceptions, transferred to Secretary of Commerce, with power

vested in him to authorize their performance or performance of any

of his functions by any of such officers, agencies, and employees,

by Reorg. Plan No. 5 of 1950, Sec. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15

F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1263, set out in the Appendix to Title 5,

Government Organization and Employees.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 241, 242 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 241 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VI - STANDARD BARRELS

-HEAD-

Sec. 241. Penalty for selling lime in unmarked barrels and

containers

-STATUTE-

It shall be unlawful to pack, sell, or offer for sale for

shipment from any State or Territory or the District of Columbia to

any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia, any

barrels or other containers of lime which are not marked as

provided in sections 238 and 239 of this title, or to sell, charge

for, or purport to deliver from any State or Territory or the

District of Columbia to any other State or Territory or the

District of Columbia, as a large or small barrel or a fractional

part of said small barrel of lime, any less weight of lime than is

established by the provisions of sections 237 to 242 of this title

and any person guilty of a violation of the provisions of said

sections shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and be liable to a

fine not exceeding $100.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 23, 1916, ch. 396, Sec. 5, 39 Stat. 531.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 240, 242 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 242 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VI - STANDARD BARRELS

-HEAD-

Sec. 242. Duty of United States attorney to enforce law

-STATUTE-

It shall be the duty of each United States attorney, to whom

satisfactory evidence of any violation of sections 237 to 242 of

this title is presented, to cause appropriate proceedings to be

commenced and prosecuted in the United States court having

jurisdiction of such offense.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 23, 1916, ch. 396, Sec. 6, 39 Stat. 531; June 25, 1948, ch.

646, Sec. 1, 62 Stat. 909.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Act June 25, 1948, eff. Sept. 1, 1948, substituted ''United

States attorney'' for ''district attorney''. See section 541 of

Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 240, 241 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC SUBCHAPTER VII - STANDARD BASKETS AND CONTAINERS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VII - STANDARD BASKETS AND CONTAINERS

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER VII - STANDARD BASKETS AND CONTAINERS

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 251 to 256 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VII - STANDARD BASKETS AND CONTAINERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 251 to 256. Repealed. Pub. L. 90-628, Sec. 1(a), Oct. 22,

1968, 82 Stat. 1320

-MISC1-

Section 251, acts Aug. 31, 1916, ch. 426, Sec. 1, 39 Stat. 673;

June 11, 1934, ch. 447, Sec. 1, 48 Stat. 930, set standards for

Climax baskets for grapes and other fruits and vegetables and for

mushrooms.

Section 252, act Aug. 31, 1916, ch. 426, Sec. 2, 39 Stat. 673,

set standards for standard basket or container for small fruits and

vegetables.

Section 253, acts Aug. 31, 1916, ch. 426, Sec. 3, 39 Stat. 674;

June 11, 1934, c. 447, Sec. 2, 48 Stat. 930, set penalties for

failure to conform to standards.

Section 254, act Aug. 31, 1916, ch. 426, Sec. 4, 39 Stat. 674,

provided for examinations and tests by Department of Agriculture

and for promulgation of rules and regulations covering allowable

tolerances and variations.

Section 255, acts Aug. 31, 1916, ch. 426, Sec. 5, 39 Stat. 674;

June 25, 1948, ch. 646, Sec. 1, 62 Stat. 909, made United States

attorney responsible for commencing actions to enforce penalties.

Section 256, act Aug. 31, 1916, ch. 426, Sec. 6, 39 Stat. 674,

covered guaranty given by manufacturers or sellers of baskets as to

correctness of such containers.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Section 3 of Pub. L. 90-628 provided that: ''This Act (repealing

sections 251 to 257i of this title and amending section 1459 of

this title) shall become effective 60 days after enactment (Oct.

22, 1968).''

-CITE-

15 USC SUBCHAPTER VIII - STANDARD HAMPERS, ROUND STAVE

BASKETS, AND SPLINT BASKETS FOR FRUITS AND

VEGETABLES 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VIII - STANDARD HAMPERS, ROUND STAVE BASKETS, AND SPLINT

BASKETS FOR FRUITS AND VEGETABLES

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER VIII - STANDARD HAMPERS, ROUND STAVE BASKETS, AND SPLINT

BASKETS FOR FRUITS AND VEGETABLES

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 257 to 257i 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER VIII - STANDARD HAMPERS, ROUND STAVE BASKETS, AND SPLINT

BASKETS FOR FRUITS AND VEGETABLES

-HEAD-

Sec. 257 to 257i. Repealed. Pub. L. 90-628, Sec. 1(b), Oct. 22,

1968, 82 Stat. 1320

-MISC1-

Section 257, acts May 21, 1928, ch. 664, Sec. 1, 45 Stat. 685;

June 28, 1954, ch. 406, Sec. 1, 68 Stat. 301; Aug. 30, 1964, Pub.

L. 88-516, Sec. 1, 78 Stat. 697, set dimensions for standard

hampers and round stave baskets.

Section 257a, acts May 21, 1928, ch. 664, Sec. 2, 45 Stat. 685;

Aug. 30, 1964, Pub. L. 88-516, Sec. 2, 78 Stat. 697, set dimensions

for standard splint baskets.

Section 257b, act May 21, 1928, ch. 664, Sec. 3, 45 Stat. 686,

provided for promulgation of regulations allowing reasonable

variations in hampers and baskets.

Section 257c, act May 21, 1928, ch. 664, Sec. 4, 45 Stat. 686,

required approval by Secretary of Agriculture of manufacturer's

dimension specifications for hampers and baskets.

Section 257d, acts May 21, 1928, ch. 664, Sec. 5, 45 Stat. 686;

Aug. 30, 1964, Pub. L. 88-516, Sec. 3, 78 Stat. 697, set out

penalties for violations and covered guaranty given by

manufacturers and sellers of hampers and baskets as to their

correctness.

Section 257e, act May 21, 1928, ch. 664, Sec. 6, 45 Stat. 686,

provided for seizure of illegal hampers and baskets, and procedure

covering their condemnation.

Section 257f, act May 21, 1928, ch. 664, Sec. 7, 45 Stat. 687,

allowed manufacture of hampers and baskets for foreign sale in

conformity with foreign specifications.

Section 257g, acts May 21, 1928, ch. 664, Sec. 8, 45 Stat. 687;

June 25, 1948, ch. 646, Sec. 1, 62 Stat. 909, placed upon the

United States Attorney the duty to prosecute for violations of

sections 257 to 257i of this title.

Section 257h, act May 21, 1928, ch. 664, Sec. 9, 45 Stat. 687,

provided for promulgation of regulations covering examinations and

tests by Secretary of Agriculture.

Section 257i, act May 21, 1968, ch. 664, Sec. 10, 45 Stat. 687,

authorized Secretary of Agriculture to cooperate with other

agencies in carrying out sections 257 to 257i of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective 60 days after Oct. 22, 1968, see section 3 of

Pub. L. 90-628, set out as a note under section 251 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC SUBCHAPTER IX - STANDARD TIME 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER IX - STANDARD TIME

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER IX - STANDARD TIME

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 260 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER IX - STANDARD TIME

-HEAD-

Sec. 260. Congressional declaration of policy; adoption and

observance of uniform standard of time; authority of Secretary

of Transportation

-STATUTE-

It is the policy of the United States to promote the adoption and

observance of uniform time within the standard time zones

prescribed by sections 261 to 264 of this title, as modified by

section 265 of this title. To this end the Secretary of

Transportation is authorized and directed to foster and promote

widespread and uniform adoption and observance of the same standard

of time within and throughout each such standard time zone.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 89-387, Sec. 2, Apr. 13, 1966, 80 Stat. 107; Pub. L.

97-449, Sec. 2(c), Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2439.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1983 - Pub. L. 97-449 substituted ''Secretary of Transportation''

for ''Interstate Commerce Commission''.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section 6 of Pub. L. 89-387 provided that: ''This Act (enacting

this section and sections 260a, 266, and 267 of this title and

amending sections 261 to 263 of this title) shall take effect on

April 1, 1967; except that if any State, the District of Columbia,

the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any possession of the United

States, or any political subdivision thereof, observes daylight

saving time in the year 1966, such time shall advance the standard

time otherwise applicable in such place by one hour and shall

commence at 2 o'clock antemeridian on the last Sunday in April of

the year 1966 and shall end at 2 o'clock antemeridian on the last

Sunday in October of the year 1966.''

SHORT TITLE

Section 1 of Pub. L. 89-387 provided: ''That this Act (enacting

this section and sections 260a, 266, and 267 of this title and

amending sections 261 to 263 of this title) may be cited as the

'Uniform Time Act of 1966'.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 266, 267 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 260a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER IX - STANDARD TIME

-HEAD-

Sec. 260a. Advancement of time or changeover dates

-STATUTE-

(a) Duration of period; State exemption

During the period commencing at 2 o'clock antemeridian on the

first Sunday of April of each year and ending at 2 o'clock

antemeridian on the last Sunday of October of each year, the

standard time of each zone established by sections 261 to 264 of

this title, as modified by section 265 of this title, shall be

advanced one hour and such time as so advanced shall for the

purposes of such sections 261 to 264, as so modified, be the

standard time of such zone during such period; however, (1) any

State that lies entirely within one time zone may by law exempt

itself from the provisions of this subsection providing for the

advancement of time, but only if that law provides that the entire

State (including all political subdivisions thereof) shall observe

the standard time otherwise applicable during that period, and (2)

any State with parts thereof in more than one time zone may by law

exempt either the entire State as provided in (1) or may exempt the

entire area of the State lying within any time zone.

(b) State laws superseded

It is hereby declared that it is the express intent of Congress

by this section to supersede any and all laws of the States or

political subdivisions thereof insofar as they may now or hereafter

provide for advances in time or changeover dates different from

those specified in this section.

(c) Violations; enforcement

For any violation of the provisions of this section the Secretary

of Transportation or his duly authorized agent may apply to the

district court of the United States for the district in which such

violation occurs for the enforcement of this section; and such

court shall have jurisdiction to enforce obedience thereto by writ

of injunction or by other process, mandatory or otherwise,

restraining against further violations of this section and

enjoining obedience thereto.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 89-387, Sec. 3, Apr. 13, 1966, 80 Stat. 107; Pub. L.

92-267, Mar. 30, 1972, 86 Stat. 116; Pub. L. 97-449, Sec. 2(c),

Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2439; Pub. L. 99-359, Sec. 2(b), July 8,

1986, 100 Stat. 764.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1986 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-359 substituted ''first Sunday of

April'' for ''last Sunday of April''.

1983 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97-449 substituted ''Secretary of

Transportation or his'' for ''Interstate Commerce Commission or

its''.

1972 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 92-267 authorized any State with

parts thereof lying in more than one time zone to exempt by law

that part of such State lying within any time zone from provisions

of this subsection providing for advancement of time.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1986 AMENDMENT

Section 2(e) of Pub. L. 99-359 provided that: ''This section

(amending this section and enacting provisions set out as notes

below) shall take effect 60 days after the date of enactment of

this Act (July 8, 1986), except that if such effective date occurs

in any calendar year after March 1, this section shall take effect

on the first day of the following calendar year.''

CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS; EXPANSION OF DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME

Section 2(a) of Pub. L. 99-359 provided that: ''The Congress

finds -

''(1) that various studies of governmental and nongovernmental

agencies indicate that daylight saving time over an expanded

period would produce a significant energy savings in electrical

power consumption;

''(2) that daylight saving time may yield energy savings in

other areas besides electrical power consumption;

''(3) that daylight saving time over an expanded period could

serve as an incentive for further energy conservation by

individuals, companies, and the various governmental entities at

all levels of government, and that such energy conservation

efforts could lead to greatly expanded energy savings; and

''(4) that the use of daylight saving time over an expanded

period could have other beneficial effects on the public

interest, including the reduction of crime, improved traffic

safety, more daylight outdoor playtime for the children and youth

of our Nation, greater utilization of parks and recreation areas,

expanded economic opportunity through extension of daylight hours

to peak shopping hours and through extension of domestic office

hours to periods of greater overlap with the European Economic

Community.''

EFFECTIVENESS OF STATE EXEMPTION IN EFFECT ON JULY 8, 1986

Section 2(c) of Pub. L. 99-359 provided that: ''Any law in effect

on the date of the enactment of this Act (July 8, 1986) -

''(1) adopted pursuant to section 3(a)(2) of the Uniform Time

Act of 1966 (15 U.S.C. 260a(a)(2)) by a State with parts thereof

in more than one time zone, or

''(2) adopted pursuant to section 3(a)(1) of such Act by a

State that lies entirely within one time zone,

shall be held and considered to remain in effect as the exercise by

that State of the exemption permitted by such Act (see 15 U.S.C.

260a(a)) unless that State, by law, provides that such exemption

shall not apply.''

ADJUSTMENT BY GENERAL RULES OR INTERIM ACTION WITH RESPECT TO HOURS

OF OPERATION OF DAYTIME STANDARD AMPLITUDE MODULATION BROADCAST

STATIONS

Section 2(d) of Pub. L. 99-359 provided that:

''(1) Notwithstanding any other law or any regulation issued

under any such law, the Federal Communications Commission shall,

consistent with any existing treaty or other agreement, make such

adjustment by general rules, or by interim action pending such

general rules, with respect to hours of operation of daytime

standard amplitude modulation broadcast stations, as may be

consistent with the public interest, including the public's

interest in receiving interference-free service.

''(2) Such general rules, or interim action, may include

variances with respect to operating power and other technical

operating characteristics.

''(3) Subsequent to the adoption of such general rules, they may

be varied with respect to particular stations and areas because of

the exigencies in each case.''

EMERGENCY DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME ENERGY CONSERVATION

Pub. L. 93-182, Dec. 15, 1973, 87 Stat. 707, as amended by Pub.

L. 93-434, Oct. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 1209, enacted the Emergency

Daylight Saving Time Energy Conservation Act of 1973, which

extended daylight saving time. The act was effective at 2 a.m. on

the fourth Sunday which occurred after Dec. 15, 1973 and terminated

at 2 a.m. on the last Sunday of April 1975.

-EXEC-

EX. ORD. NO. 11751. EXEMPTIONS FROM DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME AND

REALIGNMENTS OF TIME ZONE LIMITS

Ex. Ord. No. 11751, Dec. 15, 1973, 38 F.R. 34725, provided:

By virtue of the authority vested in me by section 3(b) of the

Emergency Daylight Savings Time Energy Conservation Act of 1973

(Public Law 93-182) (hereinafter ''the Act'') (formerly set out

above), section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code, and as

President of the United States, it is hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1. The Secretary of Transportation (hereinafter ''the

Secretary'') is hereby designated and empowered to exercise the

authority vested in me by section 3(b) of the Act (formerly set out

above) to grant an exemption from section 3(a) of the Act (which

establishes daylight saving time as standard time), or a

realignment of a time zone limit, pursuant to a proclamation of a

Governor of a State finding that the exemption or realignment is

necessary to avoid undue hardship or to conserve fuel in the State

or a part thereof.

Sec. 2. In deciding to grant or deny an exemption or realignment,

the Secretary shall consider, among other things, the policy of the

United States, as expressed in sections 2 and 4 of the Uniform Time

Act of 1966 (80 Stat. 107, 108; 15 U.S.C. 260, 261), to promote the

adoption and observance of uniform time within the standard time

zones of the United States and the convenience of commerce, as well

as possible energy savings, undue hardship to large segments of the

population, and the possible impact on the success of and

cooperation with the national energy conservation program.

Sec. 3. In carrying out his responsibilities under this order,

the Secretary shall, as he deems necessary, consult with the

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, the Federal Energy

Office (or any agency which hereafter may succeed to its

functions), and any other interested agency and he may call upon

those agencies for information and advice. Each interested

department or agency shall assist the Secretary, as necessary, to

carry out the provisions of this order. Richard Nixon.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 261 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 261 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER IX - STANDARD TIME

-HEAD-

Sec. 261. Zones for standard time; interstate or foreign commerce

-STATUTE-

For the purpose of establishing the standard time of the United

States, the territory of the United States shall be divided into

nine zones in the manner provided in this section. Except as

provided in section 260a(a) of this title, the standard time of the

first zone shall be based on the mean solar time of the sixtieth

degree of longitude west from Greenwich; that of the second zone on

the seventy-fifth degree; that of the third zone on the ninetieth

degree; that of the fourth zone on the one hundred and fifth

degree; that of the fifth zone on the one hundred and twentieth

degree; that of the sixth zone on the one hundred and thirty-fifth

degree; that of the seventh zone on the one hundred and fiftieth

degree; that of the eighth zone on the one hundred and sixty-fifth

degree; and that of the ninth zone on the one hundred and fiftieth

meridian of longitude east from Greenwich.. (FOOTNOTE 1) The limits

of each zone shall be defined by an order of the Secretary of

Transportation, having regard for the convenience of commerce and

the existing junction points and division points of common carriers

engaged in interstate or foreign commerce, and any such order may

be modified from time to time. As used in sections 261 to 264 of

this title, the term ''interstate or foreign commerce'' means

commerce between a State, the District of Columbia, the

Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any possession of the United States

and any place outside thereof.

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 19, 1918, ch. 24, Sec. 1, 40 Stat. 450; Pub. L. 89-387, Sec.

4(a), Apr. 13, 1966, 80 Stat. 108; Pub. L. 97-449, Sec. 2(c), Jan.

12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2439; Pub. L. 106-564, Sec. 1(a), Dec. 23, 2000,

114 Stat. 2811.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2000 - Pub. L. 106-564, in first sentence, substituted ''nine

zones'' for ''eight zones'' and, in second sentence, substituted

''; that of the eighth'' for ''; and that of the eighth'' and

inserted before period at end ''; and that of the ninth zone on the

one hundred and fiftieth meridian of longitude east from

Greenwich.''

1983 - Pub. L. 97-449 substituted ''Secretary of Transportation''

for ''Interstate Commerce Commission''.

1966 - Pub. L. 89-387 increased the number of time zones from

five for the territory of continental United States to eight for

the territory of the United States, inserted the ''exception

phrase'', substituted ''solar'' for ''astronomical'' time,

established the first zone on basis of the 60th degree of longitude

west from Greenwich, redesignated as the second through the fifth

zones based on the 75th, 90th, 105th, and 120th degrees former

zones one through four based on such degrees, established the sixth

zone based on the 135th degree, redesignated as the seventh zone

based on the 150th degree former fifth zone based on such degree,

and established the eighth zone based on the 165th degree,

substituted ''interstate or foreign commerce'' for ''commerce

between the several States and and with foreign nations'' and

defined ''interstate or foreign commerce''.

SHORT TITLE

Act Mar. 19, 1918, ch. 24, 40 Stat. 450, as amended, which is

classified to sections 261 to 264 of this title, is popularly known

as the ''Calder Act''.

REPEALS

Section 5 of act Mar. 19, 1918, repealed all conflicting acts and

parts of acts.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Act Mar. 31, 1949, ch. 43, 63 Stat. 29, authorized the Board of

Commissioners (now the Council of the District of Columbia) to

establish daylight-saving time in the District of Columbia.

RETURN TO STANDARD TIME

Act Sept. 25, 1945, ch. 388, 59 Stat. 537, provided, that,

notwithstanding the provisions of act Jan. 20, 1942, ch. 7, 56

Stat. 9, which provided for war time, the standard time for each

zone as provided for in sections 261 to 264 of this title should

again become effective as of Sept. 30, 1945, at 2:00 A.M.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 260, 260a, 262, 266, 267

of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 262 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER IX - STANDARD TIME

-HEAD-

Sec. 262. Duty to observe standard time of zones

-STATUTE-

Within the respective zones created under the authority of

sections 261 to 264 of this title the standard time of the zone

shall insofar as practicable (as determined by the Secretary of

Transportation) govern the movement of all common carriers engaged

in interstate or foreign commerce. In all statutes, orders, rules,

and regulations relating to the time of performance of any act by

any officer or department of the United States, whether in the

legislative, executive, or judicial branches of the Government, or

relating to the time within which any rights shall accrue or

determine, or within which any act shall or shall not be performed

by any person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, it

shall be understood and intended that the time shall insofar as

practicable (as determined by the Secretary of Transportation) be

the United States standard time of the zone within which the act is

to be performed.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 19, 1918, ch. 24, Sec. 2, 40 Stat. 451; Pub. L. 89-387, Sec.

4(b), Apr. 13, 1966, 80 Stat. 108; Pub. L. 97-449, Sec. 2(c), Jan.

12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2439.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1983 - Pub. L. 97-449 substituted ''Secretary of Transportation''

for ''Interstate Commerce Commission''.

1966 - Pub. L. 89-387 inserted ''insofar as practicable (as

determined by the Interstate Commerce Commission)'' in two places

and substituted ''engaged in interstate or foreign commerce'' for

''engaged in commerce between the several States or between a State

and any one of the Territories of the United States, or between a

State or the Territory of Alaska and any one of the insular

possessions of the United States or any foreign country''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 260, 260a, 261, 266, 267

of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 263 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER IX - STANDARD TIME

-HEAD-

Sec. 263. Designation of zone standard times

-STATUTE-

The standard time of the first zone shall be known and designated

as Atlantic standard time; that of the second zone shall be known

and designated as eastern standard time; that of the third zone

shall be known and designated as central standard time; that of the

fourth zone shall be known and designated as mountain standard

time; that of the fifth zone shall be known and designated as

Pacific standard time; that of the sixth zone shall be known and

designated as Alaska standard time; that of the seventh zone shall

be known and designated as Hawaii-Aleutian standard time; that of

the eighth zone shall be known and designated as Samoa standard

time; and that of the ninth zone shall be known as Chamorro

standard time.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 19, 1918, ch. 24, Sec. 4, 40 Stat. 451; Pub. L. 89-387, Sec.

4(c), Apr. 13, 1966, 80 Stat. 108; Pub. L. 98-181, title II, Sec.

2003(a), Nov. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 1297; Pub. L. 106-564, Sec. 1(b),

Dec. 23, 2000, 114 Stat. 2811.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2000 - Pub. L. 106-564 struck out ''and'' before ''that of the

eighth'' and inserted before period at end ''; and that of the

ninth zone shall be known as Chamorro standard time''.

1983 - Pub. L. 98-181 substituted ''Alaska'' for ''Yukon'',

''Hawaii-Aleutian'' for ''Alaska-Hawaii'', and ''Samoa'' for

''Bering''.

1966 - Pub. L. 89-387 added Atlantic standard time as first zone

designation; redesignated as eastern standard time, central

standard time, mountain standard time and Pacific standard time for

second through fifth zones former designation of United States

standard eastern time, United States standard central time, United

States standard mountain time and United States standard Pacific

time for former zones one through four; added Yukon standard time

as sixth zone designation; redesignated as Alaska-Hawaii standard

time for seventh zone former designation of United States standard

Alaska time for fifth zone; and added Bering standard time as

eighth zone designation.

CONFORMING CHANGES IN TIME ZONE DESIGNATIONS

Section 2003(b) of Pub. L. 98-181 provided that:

''(1) Any reference to Yukon standard time in any law,

regulation, map, document, record, or other paper of the United

States shall be held and considered to be a reference to Alaska

standard time.

''(2) Any reference to Alaska-Hawaii standard time in any law,

regulation, map, document, record, or other paper of the United

States shall be held and considered to be a reference to

Hawaii-Aleutian standard time.

''(3) Any reference to Bering standard time in any law,

regulation, map, document, record, or other paper of the United

States shall be held and considered to be a reference to Samoa

standard time.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 260, 260a, 261, 262, 266,

267 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 264 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER IX - STANDARD TIME

-HEAD-

Sec. 264. Part of Idaho in third zone

-STATUTE-

In the division of territory, and in the definition of the limits

of each zone, as provided in sections 261 to 264 of this title, so

much of the State of Idaho as lies south of the Salmon River,

traversing the State from east to west near forty-five degree

thirty minutes latitude, shall be embraced in the third zone:

Provided, That common carriers within such portion of the State of

Idaho may conduct their operations on Pacific time.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 19, 1918, ch. 24, Sec. 3, as added Mar. 3, 1923, ch. 216, 42

Stat. 1434; amended June 24, 1948, ch. 631, Sec. 1, 62 Stat. 646.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

The original section 3 of act Mar. 19, 1918, providing for

daylight-savings, was repealed by act Aug. 20, 1919, ch. 51, 41

Stat. 280.

AMENDMENTS

1948 - Act June 24, 1948, inserted proviso relating to common

carriers.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1948 AMENDMENT

Section 2 of act June 24, 1948, provided that: ''This Act

(amending this section) shall take effect at 2 o'clock antemeridian

of the second Monday following the date of its enactment.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 260, 260a, 261, 262, 266

of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 265 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER IX - STANDARD TIME

-HEAD-

Sec. 265. Transfer of certain territory to standard central-time

zone

-STATUTE-

The Panhandle and Plains sections of Texas and Oklahoma are

transferred to and placed within the United States standard

central-time zone.

The Secretary of Transportation is authorized and directed to

issue an order placing the western boundary line of the United

States standard central-time zone insofar as the same affect Texas

and Oklahoma as follows:

Beginning at a point where such western boundary time zone line

crosses the State boundary line between Kansas and Oklahoma; thence

westerly along said State boundary line to the northwest corner of

the State of Oklahoma; thence in a southerly direction along the

west State boundary line of Oklahoma and the west State boundary

line of Texas to the southeastern corner of the State of New

Mexico; thence in a westerly direction along the State boundary

line between the States of Texas and New Mexico to the Rio Grande

River; thence down the Rio Grande River as the boundary line

between the United States and Mexico: Provided, That the Chicago,

Rock Island and Gulf Railway Company and the Chicago, Rock Island

and Pacific Railway Company may use Tucumcari, New Mexico, as the

point at which they change from central to mountain time and vice

versa; the Colorado Southern and Fort Worth and Denver City Railway

Companies may use Sixela, New Mexico, as such changing point; the

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company and other branches of

the Santa Fe system may use Clovis, New Mexico, as such changing

point, and those railways running into or through El Paso may use

El Paso as such point: Provided further, That this section shall

not, except as herein provided, interfere with the adjustment of

time zones as established by the Secretary of Transportation.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 4, 1921, ch. 173, Sec. 1, 41 Stat. 1446; Pub. L. 97-449, Sec.

2(c), Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2439.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1983 - Pub. L. 97-449 substituted ''Secretary of Transportation''

for ''Interstate Commerce Commission''.

REPEALS

Section 2 of act Mar. 4, 1921, repealed all conflicting laws and

parts of laws.

TRANSFER OF EL PASO AND HUDSPETH COUNTIES, TEXAS, TO MOUNTAIN

STANDARD TIME ZONE

Pub. L. 91-228, Apr. 10, 1970, 84 Stat. 119, provided: ''That,

notwithstanding the first section of the Act of March 4, 1921 (15

U.S.C. 265), the Secretary of Transportation may, upon the written

request of the County Commissioners Court of El Paso County, Texas,

change the boundary line between the central standard time zone and

the mountain standard time zone, so as to place El Paso County in

the mountain standard time zone, in the manner prescribed in

section 1 of the Act of March 19, 1918, as amended (15 U.S.C. 261),

and section 5 of the Act of April 13, 1966 (15 U.S.C. 266). In the

same manner, the Secretary of Transportation may also place

Hudspeth County, Texas, in the mountain standard time zone, if the

Hudspeth County Commissioners Court so requests in writing and if

El Paso County is to be placed in that time zone.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 260, 260a, 266 of this

title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 266 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER IX - STANDARD TIME

-HEAD-

Sec. 266. Applicability of administrative procedure provisions

-STATUTE-

Subchapter II of chapter 5, and chapter 7, of title 5 shall apply

to all proceedings under this Act, sections 261 to 264 of this

title, and section 265 of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 89-387, Sec. 5, Apr. 13, 1966, 80 Stat. 108.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This Act, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 89-387, Apr. 13, 1966,

80 Stat. 107, as amended, known as the ''Uniform Time Act of

1966''. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see

Short Title note set out under section 260 of this title and

Tables.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

''Subchapter II of chapter 5, and chapter 7, of title 5''

substituted in text for ''The Administrative Procedure Act (5

U.S.C. 1001-1011)'' on authority of Pub. L. 89-554, Sec. 7(b),

Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 631, the first section of which enacted

Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 267 of this title.

-CITE-

15 USC Sec. 267 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

CHAPTER 6 - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES AND STANDARD TIME

SUBCHAPTER IX - STANDARD TIME

-HEAD-

Sec. 267. ''State'' defined

-STATUTE-

As used in this Act, the term ''State'' includes the District of

Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Commonwealth

of the Northern Mariana Islands, or any possession of the United

States.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 89-387, Sec. 7, Apr. 13, 1966, 80 Stat. 109; Pub. L.

106-564, Sec. 1(c), Dec. 23, 2000, 114 Stat. 2811.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This Act, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 89-387, Apr. 13, 1966,

80 Stat. 107, known as the ''Uniform Time Act of 1966''. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title

note set out under section 260 of this title and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2000 - Pub. L. 106-564 inserted ''Guam, the Commonwealth of the

Northern Mariana Islands,'' after ''Puerto Rico,''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 266 of this title.

-CITE-