US (United States) Code. Title 10. Subtitle C. Part II. Chapter 533: Distribution in grade

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # Armed Forces

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-CITE-

10 USC CHAPTER 533 - DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle C - Navy and Marine Corps

PART II - PERSONNEL

CHAPTER 533 - DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 533 - DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE

-MISC1-

Sec.

5441. Prescribed number; vacancies.

(5442 to 5449. Repealed.)

5450. Regular Navy: retired flag officers on active duty.

5451. Suspension: preceding sections.

(5452 to 5458. Repealed.)

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-106, div. A, title XV, Sec. 1501(c)(20), Feb.

10, 1996, 110 Stat. 499, struck out item 5454 ''Computations: rule

when fraction occurs in final result''.

1994 - Pub. L. 103-337, div. A, title XVI, Sec. 1673(b)(1), Oct.

5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3016, struck out items 5456 ''Naval Reserve and

Marine Corps Reserve'', 5457 ''Naval Reserve: officers in an active

status in grades above chief warrant officer, W-5'', and 5458

''Marine Corps Reserve: officers in an active status in grades

above chief warrant officer, W-5''.

1991 - Pub. L. 102-190, div. A, title XI, Sec. 1131(8)(B), Dec.

5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1506, substituted ''W-5'' for ''W-4'' in items

5457 and 5458.

1990 - Pub. L. 101-510, div. A, title IV, Sec. 403(b)(2)(B),

Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1545, struck out items 5442 ''Navy: line

officers on active duty; rear admirals (lower half) and rear

admirals'', 5443 ''Marine Corps: officers on active duty; brigadier

generals and major generals'', 5444 ''Navy: staff corps officers on

active duty; rear admirals (lower half) and rear admirals'', and

5446 ''Application: sections 5442, 5443, 5444''.

1985 - Pub. L. 99-145, title V, Sec. 514(b)(6)(B), (7)(B), Nov.

8, 1985, 99 Stat. 629, substituted ''rear admirals (lower half)''

for ''commodores'' in items 5442 and 5444.

1981 - Pub. L. 97-86, title IV, Sec. 405(b)(6)(B), (7)(B), Dec.

1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1106, substituted ''commodores'' for ''commodore

admirals'' in items 5442 and 5444.

Pub. L. 97-22, Sec. 10(b)(6)(B), July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 137,

struck out item 5455 ''Computations and determinations: effect on

status of officers''.

1980 - Pub. L. 96-513, title V, Sec. 503(18), 513(9)(A), Dec. 12,

1980, 94 Stat. 2912, 2931, inserted ''; commodore admirals and rear

admirals'' in item 5442, inserted ''; brigadier generals and major

generals'' in item 5443, inserted ''; commodore admirals and rear

admirals'' in item 5444, struck out items 5445 ''Suspension:

sections 5442, 5443, 5444'', 5447 ''Navy: line officers on the

active list; permanent grade'', 5448 ''Marine Corps: officers on

the active list; permanent grade'', 5449 ''Navy: staff corps

officers on the active list; permanent grade'', and 5452 ''Navy:

women line officers on active duty; Marine Corps: women officers on

active duty'', and substituted ''in grades'' for ''in permanent

grades'' in items 5457 and 5458.

1967 - Pub. L. 90-130, Sec. 1(17)(F), (H), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat.

377, struck out item 5453 ''Marine Corps: women officers on the

active list; permanent grade'', and substituted: ''Navy: women line

officers on active duty; Marine Corps: women officers on active

duty'' for ''Navy: women line officers on the active list;

permanent grade'' in item 5452.

1958 - Pub. L. 85-861, Sec. 1(113)(B), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat.

1492, added items 5457 and 5458.

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10 USC Sec. 5441 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle C - Navy and Marine Corps

PART II - PERSONNEL

CHAPTER 533 - DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE

-HEAD-

Sec. 5441. Prescribed number; vacancies

-STATUTE-

In this chapter, the term ''prescribed number'' or ''number . . .

prescribed'' as applied to a grade, means the number of officers of

a described corps, designation, or other category that shall be

maintained in the grade concerned. Except as otherwise

specifically provided, the actual number of officers in a grade may

not exceed the prescribed number. Vacancies occur whenever, and to

the extent that, the actual number falls below the prescribed

number.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 299; Pub. L. 96-513, title III,

Sec. 313(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2889; Pub. L. 101-189, div.

A, title XVI, Sec. 1622(e)(8), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1605.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

This section is derived from the distribution-in-grade provisions

of the Officers Personnel Act of 1947. It is inserted here to show

clearly what is meant by the ''authorized number'' of officers in a

grade as used in the distribution-in-grade sections of the Officer

Personnel Act. ''Prescribed number'' is substituted for

''authorized number'' because the latter, as used in other

provisions of law, means simply the maximum number of persons

authorized to be in a designated category. As used in the

distribution-in-grade provisions of the Officer Personnel Act the

term means not only the maximum number of officers that may be in a

particular grade, but also the number of officers that should be

maintained in that grade. It places not only a ceiling but a floor

on the number of officers for the grade concerned. This is

accomplished by establishing vacancies when the actual number of

officers in the grade concerned falls below the ''authorized'' or,

as used here, the ''prescribed'' number. Where there is a

prescribed number for a grade, an officer should, in the absence of

other controlling provisions of law, be promoted to that grade to

fill an existing vacancy, as of the date on which the vacancy

occurred. In this manner, at least constructively, the prescribed

number is maintained.

There is no source for the section because the Officer Personnel

Act did not attempt specifically to define ''authorized number'' in

this context. The meaning of the term is derived only from

understanding the effect given it throughout the Officer Personnel

Act and from the imperative requirements of sections 103, 203, and

303 of the act.

AMENDMENTS

1989 - Pub. L. 101-189 inserted '', the term'' after ''In this

chapter''.

1980 - Pub. L. 96-513 struck out ''or combination of grades''

after ''to a grade'', after ''in the grade'', and after ''in a

grade''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1980 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 96-513 effective Sept. 15, 1981, but the

authority to prescribe regulations under the amendment by Pub. L.

96-513 effective on Dec. 12, 1980, see section 701 of Pub. L.

96-513, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.

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10 USC Sec. 5442 to 5444 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle C - Navy and Marine Corps

PART II - PERSONNEL

CHAPTER 533 - DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE

-HEAD-

(Sec. 5442 to 5444. Repealed. Pub. L. 101-510, div. A, title IV,

Sec. 403(b)(2)(A), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1545)

-MISC1-

Section 5442, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 300; Pub.

L. 90-386, Sec. 1(4), July 5, 1968, 82 Stat. 293; Dec. 12, 1980,

Pub. L. 96-513, title III, Sec. 313(b), 94 Stat. 2889; Dec. 1,

1981, Pub. L. 97-86, title IV, Sec. 405(b)(1), (3), (6)(A), 95

Stat. 1105, 1106; Nov. 8, 1985, Pub. L. 99-145, title V, Sec.

514(b)(1), (3), (6)(A), 99 Stat. 628; Nov. 14, 1986, Pub. L.

99-661, div. A, title XIII, Sec. 1343(a)(24), 100 Stat. 3994, set

forth number of officers serving on active duty in Navy who may

serve in grades of rear admiral (lower half) and rear admiral.

Section 5443, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 302; Aug.

3, 1961, Pub. L. 87-123, Sec. 5(6), 75 Stat. 265; Nov. 2, 1966,

Pub. L. 89-731, Sec. 1, 80 Stat. 1160; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L.

96-513, title III, Sec. 313(c), 94 Stat. 2891, related to number of

officers in Marine Corps on active duty who may serve in grades of

brigadier general and major general.

Section 5444, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 304; Aug.

21, 1957, Pub. L. 85-155, title II, Sec. 201(1)-(3), 71 Stat. 381;

Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90-130, Sec. 1(17)(A), (B), 81 Stat. 376;

Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96-513, title III, Sec. 302, title V, Sec.

503(19), 94 Stat. 2888, 2912; July 10, 1981, Pub. L. 97-22, Sec.

6(b), 10(a)(3), 95 Stat. 130, 136; Dec. 1, 1981, Pub. L. 97-86,

title IV, Sec. 405(b)(1)-(3), (7)(A), 95 Stat. 1105, 1106; Nov. 8,

1985, Pub. L. 99-145, title V, Sec. 514(b)(1)-(3), (7)(A), 99 Stat.

628, 629, related to total number of officers who may serve on

active duty in Navy in grades of rear admiral (lower half) and rear

admiral in staff corps.

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10 USC Sec. 5445 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle C - Navy and Marine Corps

PART II - PERSONNEL

CHAPTER 533 - DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE

-HEAD-

(Sec. 5445. Repealed. Pub. L. 96-513, title III, Sec. 313(d)(1),

Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2892)

-MISC1-

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 306, related to

suspension of sections 5442, 5443, and 5444 of this title. See

section 526 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Sept. 15, 1981, see section 701 of Pub. L.

96-513, set out as an Effective Date of 1980 Amendment note under

section 101 of this title.

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10 USC Sec. 5446 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle C - Navy and Marine Corps

PART II - PERSONNEL

CHAPTER 533 - DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE

-HEAD-

(Sec. 5446. Repealed. Pub. L. 101-510, div. A, title IV, Sec.

403(b)(2)(A), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1545)

-MISC1-

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 306; Dec. 12,

1980, Pub. L. 96-513, title III, Sec. 373(a), title V, Sec.

503(20), 94 Stat. 2903, 2912, related to applicability of sections

5442, 5443, and 5444 of this title.

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10 USC Sec. 5447 to 5449 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle C - Navy and Marine Corps

PART II - PERSONNEL

CHAPTER 533 - DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE

-HEAD-

(Sec. 5447 to 5449. Repealed. Pub. L. 96-513, title III, Sec.

313(d)(2)-(4), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2892)

-MISC1-

Section 5447, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 307; July

5, 1968, Pub. L. 90-386, Sec. 1(4), 82 Stat. 293, related to

permanent grade distribution of Navy line officers on active list.

See section 521 et seq. of this title.

Section 5448, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 309; Aug.

3, 1961, Pub. L. 87-123, Sec. 5(7), 75 Stat. 265, related to

permanent grade distribution of Marine Corps officers on active

list. See section 521 et seq. of this title.

Section 5449, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 311; Aug.

21, 1957, Pub. L. 85-155, title II, Sec. 201(4), 71 Stat. 381; Nov.

8, 1967, Pub. L. 90-130, Sec. 1(17)(C), (D), 81 Stat. 376, related

to number of Navy staff corps officers on active list in permanent

grade of rear admiral. See section 525 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Sept. 15, 1981, see section 701 of Pub. L.

96-513, set out as an Effective Date of 1980 Amendment note under

section 101 of this title.

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10 USC Sec. 5450 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle C - Navy and Marine Corps

PART II - PERSONNEL

CHAPTER 533 - DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE

-HEAD-

Sec. 5450. Regular Navy: retired flag officers on active duty

-STATUTE-

Except in time of war or national emergency, not more than ten

retired flag officers of the Regular Navy may be on active duty.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 312; Pub. L. 96-513, title V,

Sec. 503(21), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2912.)

-MISC1-

Historical and Revision Notes

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at

Large)

---------------------------------------------------------------------

5450 34 U.S.C. 211e. Aug. 7, 1947, ch.

512, Sec. 430, 61

Stat. 881; Sept. 3,

1954, ch. 1257,

Sec. 702(a), 68

Stat. 1188.

-------------------------------

In subsection (a) the words ''In addition * * * to the number of

rear admirals and above authorized by titles I, II, and III and by

section 413 of this Act, a total of'' are omitted as surplusage.

Titles I, II, and III, and section 413 of the Officer Personnel Act

of 1947 prescribe the number of officers on the lineal list who may

have the grade of rear admiral. Retired officers are excluded from

the lineal lists and are not counted for any purpose in the

computations under the cited titles and section. The source text

does not affect the authorized numbers so computed; it sets up an

authorized number for a category of officers not previously

covered.

The limitation on reserve flag officers on active duty contained

in section 430 of the Officer Personnel Act of 1947 was repealed by

section 702(a) of the Reserve Officer Personnel Act of 1954.

AMENDMENTS

1980 - Pub. L. 96-513 struck out designation ''(a)'' before

''Except in time of war or national emergency'', substituted ''flag

officers of the Regular Navy'' for ''officers of the Regular Navy

in the grade of rear admiral and above'', and struck out subsec.

(b) which provided that this section did not apply to fleet

admirals or to retired officers ordered to temporary duty to serve

on boards convened under chapter 543 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1980 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 96-513 effective Sept. 15, 1981, see section

701 of Pub. L. 96-513, set out as a note under section 101 of this

title.

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10 USC Sec. 5451 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle C - Navy and Marine Corps

PART II - PERSONNEL

CHAPTER 533 - DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE

-HEAD-

Sec. 5451. Suspension: preceding sections

-STATUTE-

The President, during a war or national emergency, may suspend

any provision of the preceding sections of this chapter. Such a

suspension may not continue beyond September 30 of the fiscal year

following that in which the war or national emergency ends.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 312; Pub. L. 94-273, Sec. 2(3),

Apr. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 375; Pub. L. 96-513, title V, Sec. 503(22),

Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2913; Pub. L. 102-190, div. A, title X,

Sec. 1061(a)(21), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1473.)

-MISC1-

Historical and Revision Notes

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at

Large)

---------------------------------------------------------------------

5451(a) 34 U.S.C. 3e. Aug. 7, 1947, ch.

512, Sec. 426(c);

added June 30,

1951, ch. 196, Sec.

1(h), 65 Stat. 109.

5451(b) 34 U.S.C. 5a-1. May 5, 1954, ch.

180, Sec. 403 68

Stat. 70.

-------------------------------

AMENDMENTS

1991 - Pub. L. 102-190 substituted ''The President'' for ''(a)

Except as provided in subsection (b), the President'' and struck

out subsec. (b) which authorized President to suspend provisions of

sections 5442, 5443, and 5444 of this title only during war or

national emergency declared by Congress or President after May 5,

1954.

1980 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96-513 struck out ''relating to

officers serving in grades above lieutenant in the Navy or captain

in the Marine Corps'' after ''and 5444 of this title''.

1976 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94-273 substituted ''September'' for

''June''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1980 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 96-513 effective Sept. 15, 1981, see section

701 of Pub. L. 96-513, set out as a note under section 101 of this

title.

-CITE-

10 USC Sec. 5452 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle C - Navy and Marine Corps

PART II - PERSONNEL

CHAPTER 533 - DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE

-HEAD-

(Sec. 5452. Repealed. Pub. L. 96-513, title III, Sec. 373(b), Dec.

12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2903)

-MISC1-

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 312; Sept. 2,

1958, Pub. L. 85-861, Sec. 1(111), 72 Stat. 1491; Nov. 8, 1967,

Pub. L. 90-130, Sec. 1(17)(E), 81 Stat. 376, authorized Secretary

of the Navy to prescribe number of women officers in line of Navy

eligible to hold appointments in each grade above lieutenant

(junior grade) and a similar number in Marine Corps eligible to

hold appointments in each grade above first lieutenant.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Sept. 15, 1981, see section 701 of Pub. L.

96-513, set out as an Effective Date of 1980 Amendment note under

section 101 of this title.

-CITE-

10 USC Sec. 5453 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle C - Navy and Marine Corps

PART II - PERSONNEL

CHAPTER 533 - DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE

-HEAD-

(Sec. 5453. Repealed. Pub. L. 90-130, Sec. 1(17)(F), Nov. 8, 1967,

81 Stat. 377)

-MISC1-

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 313; Sept. 2,

1958, Pub. L. 85-861, Sec. 1(112), 72 Stat. 1491, placed upper

limits on number of women officers on active list of Marine Corps

holding permanent appointments in grades of lieutenant colonel and

major and required the Secretary to make computations at least once

annually of numbers of women officers authorized under this section

to hold permanent appointments in such grades, with authority to

make prescribed temporary increases. See section 5452 of this

title.

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10 USC Sec. 5454 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle C - Navy and Marine Corps

PART II - PERSONNEL

CHAPTER 533 - DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE

-HEAD-

(Sec. 5454. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-337, div. A, title XVI, Sec.

1662(a)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988)

-MISC1-

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 313, related to

rule for computations under this chapter when fraction occurs in

final result. See section 12010 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Dec. 1, 1994, except as otherwise provided, see

section 1691 of Pub. L. 103-337, set out as an Effective Date note

under section 10001 of this title.

-CITE-

10 USC Sec. 5455 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle C - Navy and Marine Corps

PART II - PERSONNEL

CHAPTER 533 - DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE

-HEAD-

(Sec. 5455. Repealed. Pub. L. 97-22, Sec. 10(b)(6)(A), July 10,

1981, 95 Stat. 137)

-MISC1-

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 313; Nov. 8,

1967, Pub. L. 90-130, Sec. 1(17)(G), 81 Stat. 377; Dec. 12, 1980,

Pub. L. 96-513, title V, Sec. 503(23), (24), 94 Stat. 2913 as

amended July 10, 1981, Pub. L. 97-22, Sec. 10(a)(3), 95 Stat. 136,

provided that no computation or determination under section 5447,

5448, 5449, or 5452 of this title could reduce the grade or pay of

any officer or remove any officer from the active list.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Section 10(b) of Pub. L. 97-22 provided that the repeal is

effective Sept. 15, 1981.

-CITE-

10 USC Sec. 5456 to 5458 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle C - Navy and Marine Corps

PART II - PERSONNEL

CHAPTER 533 - DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE

-HEAD-

(Sec. 5456 to 5458. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-337, div. A, title XVI,

Sec. 1662(a)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988)

-MISC1-

Section 5456, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 313, related

to authorized strengths of Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve.

See section 12001(b) of this title.

Section 5457, added Pub. L. 85-861, Sec. 1(113)(A), Sept. 2,

1958, 72 Stat. 1491; amended Pub. L. 86-559, Sec. 1(35), (36), June

30, 1960, 74 Stat. 273; Pub. L. 92-559, Oct. 25, 1972, 86 Stat.

1173; Pub. L. 96-107, title III, Sec. 302(b), Nov. 9, 1979, 93

Stat. 806; Pub. L. 96-513, title III, Sec. 313(e), title V, Sec.

513(9)(B), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2892, 2931; Pub. L. 97-86, title

IV, Sec. 405(b)(1), Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1105; Pub. L. 99-145,

title V, Sec. 514(b)(1), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 628; Pub. L.

101-189, div. A, title VII, Sec. 712, Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat.

1477; Pub. L. 102-190, div. A, title X, Sec. 1061(a)(22)(B), title

XI, Sec. 1131(8)(A), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1473, 1506, related to

authorized strength of Naval Reserve in officers in active status

in grades above chief warrant officer, W-5. See sections 12004(a),

(c), and (e)(2) and 12005(b) and (d)(2) of this title.

Section 5458, added Pub. L. 85-861, Sec. 1(113)(A), Sept. 2,

1958, 72 Stat. 1492; amended Pub. L. 86-559, Sec. 1(37)-(39), June

30, 1960, 74 Stat. 273; Pub. L. 96-107, title III, Sec. 302(c),

Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 806; Pub. L. 96-513, title V, Sec.

513(9)(C), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2931; Pub. L. 102-190, div. A,

title X, Sec. 1061(a)(22)(C), title XI, Sec. 1131(8)(A), Dec. 5,

1991, 105 Stat. 1473, 1506, related to authorized strength of

Marine Corps Reserve in officers in active status in grades above

chief warrant officer, W-5. See sections 12004(a), (d), (e)(2) and

12005(c), (d)(2) of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Dec. 1, 1994, except as otherwise provided, see

section 1691 of Pub. L. 103-337, set out as an Effective Date note

under section 10001 of this title.

-CITE-