US (United States) Code. Title 10. Subtitle A. Part IV. Chapter 145: Cataloging and standardization

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # Armed Forces

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-CITE-

10 USC CHAPTER 145 - CATALOGING AND STANDARDIZATION 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART IV - SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT

CHAPTER 145 - CATALOGING AND STANDARDIZATION

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 145 - CATALOGING AND STANDARDIZATION

-MISC1-

Sec.

2451. Defense supply management.

2452. Duties of Secretary of Defense.

2453. Supply catalog: distribution and use.

2454. Supply catalog: new or obsolete items.

(2455. Repealed.)

2456. Coordination with General Services Administration.

2457. Standardization of equipment with North Atlantic Treaty

Organization members.

2458. Inventory management policies.

AMENDMENTS

1990 - Pub. L. 101-510, div. A, title III, Sec. 323(a)(2), title

XIII, Sec. 1331(6), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1530, 1673, struck out

item 2455 ''Reports to Congress'' and added item 2458.

1982 - Pub. L. 97-295, Sec. 1(30)(B), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat.

1296, added item 2457.

-CITE-

10 USC Sec. 2451 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART IV - SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT

CHAPTER 145 - CATALOGING AND STANDARDIZATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2451. Defense supply management

-STATUTE-

(a) The Secretary of Defense shall develop a single catalog

system and related program of standardizing supplies for the

Department of Defense.

(b) In cataloging, the Secretary shall name, describe, classify,

and number each item recurrently used, bought, stocked, or

distributed by the Department of Defense, so that only one

distinctive combination of letters or numerals, or both, identifies

the same item throughout the Department of Defense. Only one

identification may be used for each item for all supply functions

from purchase to final disposal in the field or other area. The

catalog may consist of a number of volumes, sections, or

supplements. It shall include all items of supply and, for each

item, information needed for supply operations, such as descriptive

and performance data, size, weight, cubage, packaging and packing

data, a standard quantitative unit of measurement, and other

related data that the Secretary determines to be desirable.

(c) In standardizing supplies the Secretary shall, to the highest

degree practicable -

(1) standardize items used throughout the Department of Defense

by developing and using single specifications, eliminating

overlapping and duplicate specifications, and reducing the number

of sizes and kinds of items that are generally similar;

(2) standardize the methods of packing, packaging, and

preserving such items; and

(3) make efficient use of the services and facilities for

inspecting, testing, and accepting such items.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 138; Pub. L. 85-861, Sec.

33(a)(13), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1565.)

-MISC1-

Historical and Revision Notes

1956 Act

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Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at

Large)

---------------------------------------------------------------------

2451(a) 2451(b) 5:173. 5:173b(a). July 1, 1952, ch.

2451(c) 5:173b(b). 539, Sec. 2, 4, 66

Stat. 318, 319;

1953 Reorg. Plan

No. 6, Sec. 1(a)

(as applicable to

Defense Supply

Management Agency),

eff. June 30, 1953,

67 Stat. 638.

-------------------------------

In subsection (a), the words ''for the Department of Defense''

are inserted for clarity. 5:173 (1st sentence) is omitted as

impliedly repealed by section 2 of 1953 Reorganization Plan No. 6,

effective June 30, 1953, 67 Stat. 638.

In subsection (b), the words ''or any of the departments

thereof'', ''in such manner'', ''original'', and ''necessary or''

are omitted as surplusage. The words ''throughout the Department

of Defense'' are substituted for the words ''either within a bureau

or service, between bureaus or services, or between the

departments''. The word ''recurrently'' is substituted for the

word ''repetitively''. The words ''Only one identification may''

are substituted for the words ''The single item identification

shall''.

In subsection (c), the words ''the most'' are omitted as

surplusage. The words ''to the highest degree practicable'' are

substituted for the words ''achieve the highest practicable degree

possible'' and ''The greatest practicable degree of standardization

* * * shall be achieved''.

1958 ACT

The change makes clear that clauses (2) and (3) apply to all

items, whether or not standardized, used throughout the Department

of Defense.

AMENDMENTS

1958 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 85-861 substituted ''such'' for

''standardized'' in cl. (2), and ''such'' for ''those'' in cl. (3).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1958 AMENDMENT

Amendment of section by Pub. L. 85-861 effective Aug. 10, 1956,

see section 33(g) of Pub. L. 85-861, set out as a note under

section 101 of this title.

DEFENSE-WIDE ELECTRONIC MALL SYSTEM FOR SUPPLY PURCHASES

Pub. L. 105-261, div. A, title III, Sec. 332, Oct. 17, 1998, 112

Stat. 1968, provided that:

''(a) Electronic Mall System Defined. - In this section, the term

'electronic mall system' means an electronic system for displaying,

ordering, and purchasing supplies and materiel available from

sources within the Department of Defense and from the private

sector.

''(b) Development and Management. - (1) Using systems and

technology available in the Department of Defense as of the date of

the enactment of this Act (Oct. 17, 1998), the Joint Electronic

Commerce Program Office of the Department of Defense shall develop

a single, defense-wide electronic mall system, which shall provide

a single, defense-wide electronic point of entry and a single view,

access, and ordering capability for all Department of Defense

electronic catalogs. The Secretary of each military department and

the head of each Defense Agency shall provide to the Joint

Electronic Commerce Program Office the necessary and requested data

to ensure compliance with this paragraph.

''(2) The Defense Logistics Agency, under the direction of the

Joint Electronic Commerce Program Office, shall be responsible for

maintaining the defense-wide electronic mall system developed under

paragraph (1).

''(c) Role of Chief Information Officer. - The Chief Information

Officer of the Department of Defense shall be responsible for -

''(1) overseeing the elimination of duplication and overlap

among Department of Defense electronic catalogs; and

''(2) ensuring that such catalogs utilize technologies and

formats compliant with the requirements of subsection (b).

''(d) Implementation. - Within 180 days after the date of the

enactment of this Act, the Chief Information Officer shall develop

and provide to the congressional defense committees (Committees on

Armed Services and Appropriations of Senate and House of

Representatives) -

''(1) an inventory of all existing and planned electronic mall

systems in the Department of Defense; and

''(2) a schedule for ensuring that each such system is

compliant with the requirements of subsection (b).''

STANDARDIZATION AND INTEROPERABILITY OF NATO WEAPONS

Pub. L. 94-361, title VIII, Sec. 803, July 14, 1976, 90 Stat.

930, which expressed the sense of Congress that the weapons systems

of the NATO Allies be standardized and interoperable, that this

goal would be facilitated by inter-allied procurement of arms and

closer intra-European collaboration in arms procurement, and

directed the Secretary of Defense to negotiate with the Allies

toward these ends and to report to Congress on actions and programs

undertaken to achieve them, was repealed and restated in section

2457 of this title by Pub. L. 97-295, Sec. 1(30)(A), 6(b), Oct. 12,

1982, 96 Stat. 1294, 1314.

Pub. L. 94-106, title VIII, Sec. 814(a), (b), Oct. 7, 1975, 89

Stat. 540, as amended by Pub. L. 94-361, title VIII, Sec. 802, July

14, 1976, 90 Stat. 930, which had provided that it was the policy

of the United States that the equipment of our armed forces in

Europe be standardized or at least interoperable with that of our

NATO Allies, directed the Secretary of Defense to carry out

procurement policies toward this end and to report to Congress on

any agreements with the Allies involving exchange of equipment

manufactured in the United States for equipment manufactured

outside it, authorized the Secretary to find such agreements

contrary to the public interest and required him to report on the

procurement of any major weapons system not in accord with these

policies, was repealed and restated in section 2457 of this title

by Pub. L. 97-295, Sec. 1(30)(A), 6(b), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat.

1294, 1314.

Pub. L. 93-365, title III, Sec. 302(c), Aug. 5, 1974, 88 Stat.

402, as amended by Pub. L. 94-106, title VIII, Sec. 814(c), Oct. 7,

1975, 89 Stat. 540; Pub. L. 97-252, title XI, Sec. 1121, Sept. 8,

1982, 96 Stat. 754, which had directed the Secretary of Defense to

assess the costs and possible loss of effectiveness from the

failure of the NATO Allies to standardize equipment, to suggest

standardization actions, and to report these matters to the Allies

and Congress and to Congress annually on them and results obtained

with the Allies, was repealed and restated in section 2457 of this

title by Pub. L. 97-295, Sec. 1(30)(A), 6(b), Oct. 12, 1982, 96

Stat. 1294, 1314.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2452, 2453, 2454 of this

title.

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10 USC Sec. 2452 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART IV - SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT

CHAPTER 145 - CATALOGING AND STANDARDIZATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2452. Duties of Secretary of Defense

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Defense shall -

(1) develop and maintain the supply catalog, and the

standardization program, described in section 2451 of this title;

(2) direct and coordinate progressive use of the supply catalog

in all supply functions within the Department of Defense from the

determination of requirements through final disposal;

(3) direct, review, and approve -

(A) the naming, description, and pattern of description of

all items;

(B) the screening, consolidation, classification, and

numbering of descriptions of all items; and

(C) the publication and distribution of the supply catalog;

(4) maintain liaison with industry advisory groups to

coordinate the development of the supply catalog and the

standardization program with the best practices of industry and

to obtain the fullest practicable cooperation and participation

of industry in developing the supply catalog and the

standardization program;

(5) establish, publish, review, and revise, within the

Department of Defense, military specifications, standards, and

lists of qualified products, and resolve differences between the

military departments, bureaus, and services with respect to them;

(6) assign responsibility for parts of the cataloging and the

standardization programs to the military departments, bureaus,

and services within the Department of Defense, when practical and

consistent with their capacity and interest in those supplies;

(7) establish time schedules for assignments made under clause

(6); and

(8) make final decisions in all matters concerned with the

cataloging and standardization programs.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 139.)

-MISC1-

Historical and Revision Notes

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Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at

Large)

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2452 5:173c. July 1, 1952, ch.

539, Sec. 5, 66

Stat. 319; 1953

Reorg. Plan No. 6,

Sec. 1(a) (as

applicable to

Defense Supply

Management Agency),

eff. June 30, 1953,

67 Stat. 638.

-------------------------------

In clause (1), the word ''establish'' is omitted as surplusage.

In clause (2), the words ''provided for herein'' and ''its

departments, bureaus, and services'' are omitted as surplusage.

In clauses (2) and (3), the words ''provide for'' are omitted as

surplusage.

In clause (4), the words ''establish and'' and ''established by

sections 173-173i of this title'' are omitted as surplusage.

In clause (5), the words ''amend'' and ''promulgate'' are omitted

as surplusage.

In clause (6), the words ''established by sections 173-173i of

this title'' are omitted as surplusage.

Clause (7) is substituted for 5:173c(f) (last 11 words).

In clause (8), the word ''programs'' is substituted for the words

''authority established in sections 173-173i of this title''. The

words ''subject to review and modification by the Secretary of

Defense'' are omitted as surplusage.

REGULATIONS RELATING TO INCREASES IN PRICES FOR SPARE PARTS AND

REPLACEMENT EQUIPMENT

Pub. L. 98-94, title XII, Sec. 1215, Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat.

688, as amended by Pub. L. 98-525, title XII, Sec. 1244, Oct. 19,

1984, 98 Stat. 2609; Pub. L. 103-35, title II, Sec. 204(b), May 31,

1993, 107 Stat. 102, provided that:

''(a) Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of

this Act (Sept. 24, 1983), the Secretary of Defense shall issue

regulations which -

''(1) except as provided in clause (2), prohibit the purchase

of any spare part or replacement equipment when the price of such

part or equipment, since a time in the past specified by the

Secretary (in terms of days or months) or since the most recent

purchase of such part or equipment by the Department of Defense,

has increased in price by a percentage in excess of a percentage

threshold specified by the Secretary in such regulations, and

''(2) permit the purchase of such spare part or equipment

(notwithstanding the prohibition contained in clause (1)) if the

contracting officer for such part or equipment certifies in

writing to the head of the procuring activity before the purchase

is made that -

''(A) such officer has evaluated the price of such part or

equipment and concluded that the increase in the price of such

part or equipment is fair and reasonable, or

''(B) the national security interests of the United States

require that such part or equipment be purchased despite the

increase in price of such part or equipment.

''(b)(1) The Secretary shall publish the regulations issued under

this section in the Federal Register.

''(2) The Secretary may provide in such regulations for the

waiver of the prohibition in subsection (a)(1) and compliance with

the requirements of subsection (a)(2) in the case of a purchase of

any spare part or replacement equipment made or to be made through

competitive procedures.

''(c) Not less than 30 days before the Secretary publishes such

regulations in accordance with subsection (b), the Secretary shall

submit the text of the proposed regulations to the Committees on

Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives.''

REPORT ON MANAGEMENT OF ACQUISITION OF SPARE PARTS

Pub. L. 98-94, title XII, Sec. 1216, Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat.

688, directed Secretary of Defense to submit to Congress, by June

1, 1984, a comprehensive report on management by Department of

Defense of acquisition of initial and replenishment spare parts and

on status of efforts within Department (including particularly the

Defense Logistics Agency and the military departments) to correct

problems associated with increased costs of such parts, directed

Secretary, not later than Dec. 1, 1983, to submit to Congress an

interim report stating briefly the actions being taken by the

Department to improve acquisition and management of spare parts,

and directed Secretary to put into effect at the earliest

practicable date policies and procedures to achieve a long-term

solution to problems relating to excessive costs of, and long lead

times in the acquisition of, initial and replenishment spare parts.

-CITE-

10 USC Sec. 2453 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART IV - SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT

CHAPTER 145 - CATALOGING AND STANDARDIZATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2453. Supply catalog: distribution and use

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Defense shall distribute the parts of the supply

catalog described in section 2451 of this title as they are

completed. Existing catalogs shall be replaced according to

schedules established by the Secretary. After replacement no other

supply catalog may be used within the Department of Defense with

respect to the kinds of items covered by that part. All property

reports and records shall use the nomenclature, item numbers, and

descriptive data of the supply catalog.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 139.)

-MISC1-

Historical and Revision Notes

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Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at

Large)

---------------------------------------------------------------------

2453 5:173d. July 1, 1952, ch.

539, Sec. 6, 66

Stat. 320; 1953

Reorg. Plan No. 6,

Sec. 1(a) (as

applicable to

Defense Supply

Management Agency),

eff. June 30, 1953,

67 Stat. 638.

-------------------------------

The words ''and ready for use'' and ''all departments, bureaus,

and services'' are omitted as surplusage. The words ''After

replacement'' are substituted for the word ''Thereafter''. The

words ''with respect to the kinds of items covered by that part''

are inserted for clarity.

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10 USC Sec. 2454 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART IV - SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT

CHAPTER 145 - CATALOGING AND STANDARDIZATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2454. Supply catalog: new or obsolete items

-STATUTE-

(a) After any part of the supply catalog described in section

2451 of this title is distributed, and with respect to the kinds of

items covered by that part, only the items listed in it may be

procured for recurrent use in the Department of Defense. However, a

military department may acquire any new item that is necessary to

carry out its mission. As soon as such an item is acquired, it

shall be submitted to the Secretary for inclusion in the catalog

and the standardization program.

(b) Obsolete items may be deleted from the catalog at any time.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 140.)

-MISC1-

Historical and Revision Notes

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Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at

Large)

---------------------------------------------------------------------

2454(a) 2454(b) 5:173e (less last 5 July 1, 1952, ch.

words of 1st 539, Sec. 7, 66

proviso). 5:173e Stat. 320; 1953

(last 5 words of Reorg. Plan No. 6,

1st proviso). Sec. 1(a) (as

applicable to

Defense Supply

Management Agency),

eff. June 30, 1953,

67 Stat. 638.

-------------------------------

In subsection (a), the words ''After any part * * * is

distributed'' are substituted for the words ''Following the

publication and promulgation * * * or portions thereof''. The

words ''and with respect to the kinds of items covered by that

part'' are inserted for clarity. The word ''recurrent'' is

substituted for the word ''repetitive''. The words ''the

departments, bureaus, and services of'' are omitted as surplusage.

The second sentence of the revised subsection is substituted for

5:173e (1st proviso, less last 5 words; and 2d proviso).

In subsection (b), the words ''at any time'' are inserted for

clarity.

-CITE-

10 USC Sec. 2455 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART IV - SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT

CHAPTER 145 - CATALOGING AND STANDARDIZATION

-HEAD-

(Sec. 2455. Repealed. Pub. L. 101-510, div. A, title XIII, Sec.

1322(a)(9), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1671)

-MISC1-

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 140; Jan. 2,

1975, Pub. L. 93-608, Sec. 2(2), 88 Stat. 1971; Dec. 21, 1982, Pub.

L. 97-375, title II, Sec. 203(c), 96 Stat. 1823, related to reports

on cataloging supplies for Department of Defense.

-CITE-

10 USC Sec. 2456 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART IV - SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT

CHAPTER 145 - CATALOGING AND STANDARDIZATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2456. Coordination with General Services Administration

-STATUTE-

To avoid unnecessary duplication, the Administrator of General

Services and the Secretary of Defense shall coordinate the

cataloging and standardization activities of the General Services

Administration and the Department of Defense.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 140.)

-MISC1-

Historical and Revision Notes

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Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at

Large)

---------------------------------------------------------------------

2456 5:173i. July 1, 1952, ch.

539, Sec. 11, 66

Stat. 320.

-------------------------------

-CITE-

10 USC Sec. 2457 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART IV - SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT

CHAPTER 145 - CATALOGING AND STANDARDIZATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2457. Standardization of equipment with North Atlantic Treaty

Organization members

-STATUTE-

(a) It is the policy of the United States to standardize

equipment, including weapons systems, ammunition, and fuel,

procured for the use of the armed forces of the United States

stationed in Europe under the North Atlantic Treaty or at least to

make that equipment interoperable with equipment of other members

of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. To carry out this

policy, the Secretary of Defense shall -

(1) assess the costs and possible loss of nonnuclear combat

effectiveness of the military forces of the members of the

Organization caused by the failure of the members to standardize

equipment;

(2) maintain a list of actions to be taken, including an

evaluation of the priority and effect of the action, to

standardize equipment that may improve the overall nonnuclear

defense capability of the Organization or save resources for the

Organization; and

(3) initiate and carry out, to the maximum extent feasible,

procurement procedures to acquire standardized or interoperable

equipment, considering the cost, function, quality, and

availability of the equipment.

(b) Progress in realizing the objectives of standardization and

interoperability would be enhanced by expanded inter-Allied

procurement of arms and equipment within the North Atlantic Treaty

Organization. Expanded inter-Allied procurement would be made

easier by greater reliance on licensing and coproduction

cooperative agreements among the signatories of the North Atlantic

Treaty. If constructed to preserve the efficiencies associated with

economies of scale, the agreements could minimize potential

economic hardship to parties to the agreements and increase the

survivability, in time of war, of the North Atlantic Alliance's

armaments production base by dispersing manufacturing facilities.

In conjunction with other members of the Organization and to the

maximum extent feasible, the Secretary shall -

(1) identify areas in which those cooperative agreements may be

made with members of the Alliance; and

(2) negotiate those agreements.

(c)(1) It is the sense of Congress that weapons systems being

developed wholly or primarily for employment in the North Atlantic

Treaty Organization theater should conform to a common Organization

requirement in order to proceed toward joint doctrine and planning

and to facilitate maximum feasible standardization and

interoperability of equipment, and that a common Organization

requirement should be understood to include a common definition of

the military threat to the members of the Organization.

(2) It is further the sense of Congress that standardization of

weapons and equipment within the Organization on the basis of a

''two-way street'' concept of cooperation in defense procurement

between Europe and North America can only work in a realistic sense

if the European nations operate on a united and collective basis.

Therefore, the governments of Europe are encouraged to accelerate

their present efforts to achieve European armaments collaboration

among all European members of the Organization.

(d) Before February 1, 1989, and biennially thereafter, the

Secretary shall submit a report to Congress that includes -

(1) each specific assessment and evaluation made and the

results of each assessment and evaluation, and the results

achieved with the members of the North Atlantic Treaty

Organization, under subsections (a)(1) and (2) and (b);

(2) procurement action initiated on each new major system not

complying with the policy of subsection (a);

(3) procurement action initiated on each new major system that

is not standardized or interoperable with equipment of other

members of the Organization, including a description of the

system chosen and the reason for choosing that system;

(4) the identity of -

(A) each program of research and development for the armed

forces of the United States stationed in Europe that supports,

conforms, or both, to common Organization requirements of

developing weapon systems for use by the Organization,

including a common definition of the military threat to the

Organization; and

(B) the common requirements of the Organization to which

those programs conform or which they support;

(5) action of the Alliance toward common Organization

requirements if none exist;

(6) efforts to establish a regular procedure and mechanism in

the Organization to determine common military requirements;

(7) a description of each existing and planned program of the

Department of Defense that supports the development or

procurement of a weapon system or other military equipment

originally developed or procured by members of the Organization

other than the United States and for which funds have been

authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year in which the

report is submitted, including a summary listing of the amount of

funds -

(A) appropriated for those programs for the fiscal year in

which the report is submitted; and

(B) requested, or proposed to be requested, for those

programs for each of the 2 fiscal years following the fiscal

year for which the report is submitted; and

(8) a description of each weapon system or other military

equipment originally developed or procured in the United States

and that is being developed or procured by members of the

Organization other than the United States during the fiscal year

for which the report is submitted.

(e) If the Secretary decides that procurement of equipment

manufactured outside the United States is necessary to carry out

the policy of subsection (a), the Secretary may determine under

section 2 of the Buy American Act (41 U.S.C. 10a) that acquiring

that equipment manufactured in the United States is inconsistent

with the public interest.

(f) The Secretary shall submit the results of each assessment and

evaluation made under subsection (a)(1) and (2) to the appropriate

North Atlantic Treaty Organization body to become an integral part

of the overall Organization review of force goals and development

of force plans.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 97-295, Sec. 1(30)(A), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1294;

amended Pub. L. 101-510, div. A, title XIII, Sec. 1311(5), Nov. 5,

1990, 104 Stat. 1670; Pub. L. 104-106, div. A, title XV, Sec.

1503(a)(24), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 512.)

-MISC1-

Historical and Revision Notes

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Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at

Large)

---------------------------------------------------------------------

2457(a) 10:2451 (note). Aug. 5, 1974, Pub.

L. 93-365, Sec.

302(c) (1st-3d

sentences), 88

Stat. 402.

Oct. 7, 1975, Pub.

L. 94-106, Sec.

814(a)(1), 89 Stat.

540; restated July

14, 1976, Pub. L.

94-361, Sec. 802,

90 Stat. 930.

2457(b) 10:2451 (note). July 14, 1976, Pub.

L. 94-361, Sec.

803(b) (1st-4th

sentences), 90

Stat. 931.

2457(c) 10:2451 (note). July 14, 1976, Pub.

L. 94-361, Sec.

803(a) (1st, 2d

sentences), (c), 90

Stat. 930, 931.

2457(d) (words 10:2451 (note). Aug. 5, 1974, Pub.

before (1)), (1) L. 93-365, Sec.

(related to (a)(1) 302(c) (5th

and (2)) sentence), 88 Stat.

402; Oct. 7, 1975,

Pub. L. 94-106,

Sec. 814(c), 89

Stat. 540.

2457(d)(1) (related 10:2451 (note). July 14, 1976, Pub.

to (a)(3)) L. 94-361, Sec.

803(b) (last

sentence), 90 Stat.

931.

2457(d)(2) 10:2451 (note). Oct. 7, 1975, Pub.

L. 94-106, Sec.

814(b), 89 Stat.

540.

2457(d)(3) 10:2451 (note). Oct. 7, 1975, Pub.

L. 94-106, Sec.

814(a)(3), 89 Stat.

540; restated July

14, 1976, Pub. L.

94-361, Sec. 802,

90 Stat. 930.

2457(d) (4)-(6) 10:2451 (note). July 14, 1976, Pub.

L. 94-361, Sec.

803(a) (3d-last

sentences), 90

Stat. 930.

2457(d)(7), (8) 10:2451 (note). Aug. 5, 1974, Pub.

L. 93-365, 88 Stat.

399, Sec. 302(c)

(6th, last

sentences); added

Sept. 8, 1982, Pub.

L. 97-252, Sec.

1121, 96 Stat. 754.

2457(e) 10:2451 (note). Oct. 7, 1975, Pub.

L. 94-106, Sec.

814(a)(2), 89 Stat.

540; restated July

14, 1976, Pub. L.

94-361, Sec. 802,

90 Stat. 930.

2457(f) 10:2451 (note). Aug. 5, 1974, Pub.

L. 93-365, Sec.

302(c) (4th

sentence), 88 Stat.

402.

-------------------------------

In the introductory matter of subsection (a), before clause (1),

the word ''equipment'' is substituted for ''impedimenta'' in

section 302(c) of the Department of Defense Appropriation

Authorization Act, 1975 (Pub. L. 93-365, Aug. 5, 1974, 88 Stat.

402), for clarity and for consistency with section 814(a)(1) of the

Department of Defense Appropriation Authorization Act, 1976 (Pub.

L. 94-106, Oct. 7, 1975, 89 Stat. 540), which is restated as part

of this subsection.

In subsection (a)(1), the word ''undertake'' is omitted as

surplus. The word ''members'' is substituted for ''countries'' for

consistency. The wo