US (United States) Code. Title 10. Subtitle A: General Military Law. Chapter 111: Support of Science, Mathematics

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Armed Forces. Training and education. Engineering

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-CITE-

10 USC CHAPTER 111 - SUPPORT OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND

ENGINEERING EDUCATION 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART III - TRAINING AND EDUCATION

CHAPTER 111 - SUPPORT OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING

EDUCATION

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 111 - SUPPORT OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING

EDUCATION

-MISC1-

Sec.

2191. Graduate fellowships.

2192. Improvement of education in technical fields: general

authority regarding education in science, mathematics, and

engineering.

2193. Improvement of education in technical fields: grants for

higher education in science and mathematics.

2193a. Improvement of education in technical fields: general

authority for support of elementary and secondary education in

science and mathematics.

2193b. Improvement of education in technical fields: program for

support of elementary and secondary education in science,

mathematics, and technology.

2194. Education partnerships.

2195. Department of Defense cooperative education programs.

2196. Manufacturing engineering education: grant program.

2197. Manufacturing experts in the classroom.

2198. Management training program in Japanese language and culture.

2199. Definitions.

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Pub. L. 106-65, div. A, title V, Sec. 580(d)(3), Oct. 5,

1999, 113 Stat. 633, added items 2192, 2193, 2193a, and 2193b and

struck out former items 2192 ''Science, mathematics, and

engineering education'' and 2193 ''Science and mathematics

education improvement program''.

1992 - Pub. L. 102-484, div. D, title XLII, Sec. 4238(b)(2),

Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2694, substituted ''experts'' for

''managers'' in item 2197.

1991 - Pub. L. 102-190, div. A, title VIII, Sec. 825(a)(2),

828(b), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1442, 1444, struck out item 2196

''Definition'' and added items 2196 to 2199.

1990 - Pub. L. 101-510, div. A, title II, Sec. 247(a)(2)(A),

(C), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1523, substituted ''SUPPORT OF

SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING EDUCATION'' for ''NATIONAL

DEFENSE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING GRADUATE FELLOWSHIPS'' in chapter

heading and added items 2192 to 2196.

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10 USC Sec. 2191 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART III - TRAINING AND EDUCATION

CHAPTER 111 - SUPPORT OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING

EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2191. Graduate fellowships

-STATUTE-

(a) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations

providing for the award of fellowships to citizens and nationals of

the United States who agree to pursue graduate degrees in science,

engineering, or other fields of study designated by the Secretary

to be of priority interest to the Department of Defense.

(b) A fellowship awarded pursuant to regulations prescribed under

subsection (a) shall be known as a ''National Defense Science and

Engineering Graduate Fellowship''.

(c) National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowships

shall be awarded solely on the basis of academic ability. The

Secretary shall take all appropriate actions to encourage

applications for such fellowships of persons who are members of

groups (including minority groups, women, and disabled persons)

which historically have been underrepresented in science and

technology fields. Recipients shall be selected on the basis of a

nationwide competition. The award of a fellowship under this

section may not be predicated on the geographic region in which the

recipient lives or the geographic region in which the recipient

will pursue an advanced degree.

(d) The regulations prescribed under this section shall include -

(1) the criteria for award of fellowships;

(2) the procedures for selecting recipients;

(3) the basis for determining the amount of a fellowship; and

(4) the maximum amount that may be awarded to an individual

during an academic year.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 101-189, div. A, title VIII, Sec. 843(d)(1), Nov.

29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1516.)

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10 USC Sec. 2192 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART III - TRAINING AND EDUCATION

CHAPTER 111 - SUPPORT OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING

EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2192. Improvement of education in technical fields: general

authority regarding education in science, mathematics, and

engineering

-STATUTE-

(a) The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary

of Education, shall, on a continuing basis -

(1) identify actions which the Department of Defense may take

to improve education in the scientific, mathematics, and

engineering skills necessary to meet the long-term national

defense needs of the United States for personnel proficient in

such skills; and

(2) establish and conduct programs to carry out such actions.

(b) The Secretary shall designate an individual within the Office

of the Secretary of Defense to advise and assist the Secretary

regarding matters relating to science, mathematics, and engineering

education and training.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 101-510, div. A, title II, Sec. 247(a)(1), Nov. 5,

1990, 104 Stat. 1521; amended Pub. L. 106-65, div. A, title V,

Sec. 580(d)(1), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 633.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Pub. L. 106-65 amended section catchline generally. Prior

to amendment, catchline read as follows: ''Science, mathematics,

and engineering education''.

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SUPPORT FOR SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND

ENGINEERING EDUCATION

Pub. L. 102-190, div. A, title VIII, Sec. 829, Dec. 5, 1991, 105

Stat. 1444, directed Secretary of Defense to develop and submit to

Congress a master plan for activities by Department of Defense

during each of fiscal years 1993 through 1997 to support education

in science, mathematics, and engineering at all levels of education

in the United States, with each such plan to be developed in

consultation with Secretary of Education, prior to repeal by Pub.

L. 104-106, div. A, title X, Sec. 1063(c), Feb. 10, 1996, 110

Stat. 444.

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10 USC Sec. 2193 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART III - TRAINING AND EDUCATION

CHAPTER 111 - SUPPORT OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING

EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2193. Improvement of education in technical fields: grants for

higher education in science and mathematics

-STATUTE-

(a)(1) The Secretary of Defense may, in accordance with the

provisions of this subsection, carry out a program for awarding

grants to students who have been accepted for enrollment in, or who

are enrolled in, an institution of higher education as

undergraduate or graduate students in scientific and engineering

disciplines critical to the national security functions of the

Department of Defense.

(2) Grant proceeds shall be disbursed on behalf of students

awarded grants under this subsection to the institutions of higher

education at which the students are enrolled. No grant proceeds

shall be disbursed on behalf of a student until the student is

enrolled at an institution of higher education.

(3) The amount of a grant awarded a student under this subsection

may not exceed the student's cost of attendance.

(4) The amount of a grant awarded a student under this subsection

shall not be reduced on the basis of the student's receipt of other

forms of Federal student financial assistance, but shall be taken

into account in determining the eligibility of the student for

those other forms of Federal student financial assistance.

(5) The Secretary shall give priority to awarding grants under

this subsection in a manner likely to stimulate the interest of

women and members of minority groups in pursuing scientific and

engineering careers. The Secretary may consider the financial need

of applicants in making awards in accordance with such priority.

(b) In this section:

(1) The term ''institution of higher education'' has the

meaning given such term in section 101 of the Higher Education

Act of 1965.

(2) The term ''cost of attendance'' has the meaning given such

term in section 472 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20

U.S.C. 1087ll).

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 101-510, div. A, title II, Sec. 247(a)(1), Nov. 5,

1990, 104 Stat. 1521; amended Pub. L. 105-244, title I, Sec.

102(a)(2)(A), Oct. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1617; Pub. L. 106-65, div.

A, title V, Sec. 580(c)(2), (3), (d)(2), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat.

633.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965, referred to in

subsec. (b)(1), is classified to section 1001 of Title 20,

Education.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 580(d)(2), amended section catchline

generally. Prior to amendment, catchline read as follows:

''Science and mathematics education improvement program''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 580(c)(3), redesignated subsec.

(c) as (b).

Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 580(c)(2), redesignated subsec. (b) as

section 2193a of this title.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 580(c)(3), redesignated subsec.

(c) as (b).

1998 - Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 105-244 substituted ''section 101

of the Higher Education Act of 1965'' for ''section 1201(a) of the

Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1141(a))''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-244 effective Oct. 1, 1998, except as

otherwise provided in Pub. L. 105-244, see section 3 of Pub. L.

105-244, set out as a note under section 1001 of Title 20,

Education.

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10 USC Sec. 2193a 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART III - TRAINING AND EDUCATION

CHAPTER 111 - SUPPORT OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING

EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2193a. Improvement of education in technical fields: general

authority for support of elementary and secondary education in

science and mathematics

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of

Education, may establish programs for the purpose of improving the

mathematics and scientific knowledge and skills of elementary and

secondary school students and faculty members.

-SOURCE-

(Added and amended Pub. L. 106-65, div. A, title V, Sec.

580(c)(1), (2), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 632, 633.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

The text of section 2193(b) of this title, which was transferred

to, and redesignated as text of, this section, was based on Pub. L.

101-510, div. A, title II, Sec. 247(a)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat.

1521.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 580(c)(2), renumbered section 2193(b)

of this title as text of this section. See Codification note

above.

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10 USC Sec. 2193b 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART III - TRAINING AND EDUCATION

CHAPTER 111 - SUPPORT OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING

EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2193b. Improvement of education in technical fields: program

for support of elementary and secondary education in science,

mathematics, and technology

-STATUTE-

(a) Authority for Program. - The Secretary of Defense may conduct

a science, mathematics, and technology education improvement

program known as the ''Department of Defense STARBASE Program''.

The Secretary shall carry out the program in coordination with the

Secretaries of the military departments.

(b) Purpose. - The purpose of the program is to improve knowledge

and skills of students in kindergarten through twelfth grade in

mathematics, science, and technology.

(c) STARBASE Academies. - (1) The Secretary shall provide for the

establishment of at least 25 academies under the program.

(2) The Secretary of Defense shall establish guidelines,

criteria, and a process for the establishment of STARBASE programs

in addition to those in operation on the date of the enactment of

this section.

(3) The Secretary may support the establishment and operation of

any academy in excess of two academies in a State only if the

Secretary has first authorized in writing the establishment of the

academy and the costs of the establishment and operation of the

academy are paid out of funds provided by sources other than the

Department of Defense. Any such costs that are paid out of

appropriated funds shall be considered as paid out of funds

provided by such other sources if such sources fully reimburse the

United States for the costs.

(d) Persons Eligible To Participate in Program. - The Secretary

shall prescribe standards and procedures for selection of persons

for participation in the program.

(e) Regulations. - The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe

regulations governing the conduct of the program.

(f) Authority to Accept Financial and Other Support. - (1) The

Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of the military

departments may accept financial and other support for the program

from other departments and agencies of the Federal Government,

State governments, local governments, and not-for-profit and other

organizations in the private sector.

(2) The Secretary of Defense shall remain the executive agent to

carry out the program regardless of the source of funds for the

program or any transfer of jurisdiction over the program within the

executive branch.

(g) Annual Report. - Not later than 90 days after the end of each

fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a

report on the program under this section. The report shall contain

a discussion of the design and conduct of the program and an

evaluation of the effectiveness of the program.

(h) State Defined. - In this section, the term ''State'' includes

the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the

Virgin Islands, and Guam.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 106-65, div. A, title V, Sec. 580(a), Oct. 5, 1999,

113 Stat. 631; amended Pub. L. 107-107, div. A, title V, Sec.

596(b), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1127.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The date of the enactment of this section, referred to in subsec.

(c)(2), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 106-65, which was

approved Oct. 5, 1999.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2001 - Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 107-107 designated existing

provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).

EXISTING STARBASE ACADEMIES

Pub. L. 106-65, div. A, title V, Sec. 580(b), Oct. 5, 1999, 113

Stat. 632, provided that: ''While continuing in operation, the

academies existing on the date of the enactment of this Act (Oct.

5, 1999) under the Department of Defense STARBASE Program, as such

program is in effect on such date, shall be counted for the purpose

of meeting the requirement under section 2193b(c)(1) of title 10,

United States Code (as added by subsection (a)), relating to the

minimum number of STARBASE academies.''

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10 USC Sec. 2194 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART III - TRAINING AND EDUCATION

CHAPTER 111 - SUPPORT OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING

EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2194. Education partnerships

-STATUTE-

(a) The Secretary of Defense shall authorize the director of each

defense laboratory to enter into one or more education partnership

agreements with educational institutions in the United States for

the purpose of encouraging and enhancing study in scientific

disciplines at all levels of education. The educational

institutions referred to in the preceding sentence are local

educational agency, colleges, universities, and any other nonprofit

institutions that are dedicated to improving science, mathematics,

and engineering education.

(b) Under a partnership agreement entered into with an

educational institution under this section, the director of a

defense laboratory may provide, and is encouraged to provide,

assistance to the educational institution by -

(1) loaning defense laboratory equipment to the institution for

any purpose and duration in support of such agreement that the

director considers appropriate;

(2) notwithstanding the provisions of the Federal Property and

Administrative Services Act of 1949 (FOOTNOTE 1) (40 U.S.C. 471

et seq.) or any provision of law or regulation relating to

transfers of surplus property, transferring to the institution

any computer equipment, or other scientific equipment, that is -

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

(A) commonly used by educational institutions;

(B) surplus to the needs of the defense laboratory; and

(C) determined by the director to be appropriate for support

of such agreement;

(3) making laboratory personnel available to teach science

courses or to assist in the development of science courses and

materials for the institution;

(4) involving faculty and students of the institution in

defense laboratory research projects;

(5) cooperating with the institution in developing a program

under which students may be given academic credit for work on

defense laboratory research projects; and

(6) providing academic and career advice and assistance to

students of the institution.

(c) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the director of

each defense laboratory shall give a priority under this section to

entering into an education partnership agreement with one or more

historically Black colleges and universities and other minority

institutions referred to in paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) of section

312(b) (FOOTNOTE 1) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C.

1058(b)).

(d) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that, in entering into

education partnership agreements under this section, the director

of a defense laboratory gives a priority to providing assistance to

educational institutions serving women, members of minority groups,

and other groups of individuals who traditionally are involved in

the engineering and science professions in disproportionately low

numbers.

(e) In this section:

(1) The term ''defense laboratory'' means any laboratory,

product center, test center, depot, training and educational

organization, or operational command under the jurisdiction of

the Department of Defense.

(2) The term ''local educational agency'' has the meaning given

such term in section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary

Education Act of 1965.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 101-510, div. A, title II, Sec. 247(a)(1), Nov. 5,

1990, 104 Stat. 1522; amended Pub. L. 103-382, title III, Sec.

391(b)(4), Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 4021; Pub. L. 104-106, div. A,

title XV, Sec. 1503(a)(19), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 512; Pub. L.

106-398, Sec. 1 ((div. A), title II, Sec. 253), Oct. 30, 2000, 114

Stat. 1654, 1654A-49; Pub. L. 107-110, title X, Sec. 1076(e), Jan.

8, 2002, 115 Stat. 2091.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949,

referred to in subsec. (b)(2), is act June 30, 1949, ch. 288, 63

Stat. 377, as amended. Except for title III of the Act, which is

classified generally to subchapter IV (Sec. 251 et seq.) of chapter

4 of Title 41, Public Contracts, the Act was repealed and reenacted

by Pub. L. 107-217, Sec. 1, 6(b), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1062,

1304, as chapters 1 to 11 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property,

and Works.

Paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) of section 312(b) of the Higher

Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1058(b)), referred to in subsec.

(c), were repealed by Pub. L. 102-325, title III, Sec. 302(a)(3),

July 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 472.

Section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of

1965, referred to in subsec. (e)(2), is classified to section 7801

of Title 20, Education.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 107-110 substituted ''section 9101

of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965'' for

''section 14101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of

1965 (20 U.S.C. 8801)''.

2000 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106-398, Sec. 1 ((div. A), title II,

Sec. 253(a)(1)), inserted '', and is encouraged to provide,'' after

''may provide'' in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 106-398, Sec. 1 ((div. A), title II, Sec.

253(a)(2)), inserted before semicolon ''for any purpose and

duration in support of such agreement that the director considers

appropriate''.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 106-398, Sec. 1 ((div. A), title II, Sec.

253(a)(3)), added par. (2) and struck out former par. (2) which

read as follows: ''transferring to the institution defense

laboratory equipment determined by the director to be surplus;''.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 106-398, Sec. 1 ((div. A), title II, Sec.

253(b)), amended subsec. (e) generally. Prior to amendment,

subsec. (e) read as follows: ''In this section, the term 'local

educational agency' has the meaning given such term in section

14101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20

U.S.C. 8801).''

1996 - Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104-106 substituted ''(20 U.S.C.

8801)'' for ''(20 U.S.C. 2891(12))''.

1994 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103-382, Sec. 391(b)(4)(A),

substituted ''educational agency'' for ''education agencies''.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 103-382, Sec. 394(b)(4)(B)(iii), which

directed amendment of subsec. (e) by striking out ''(20 U.S.C.

1058(b)'' could not be executed because ''(20 U.S.C. 1058(b)'' does

not appear in subsec. (e).

Pub. L. 103-382, Sec. 391(b)(4)(B)(i), (ii), substituted

''educational agency'' for ''education agency'' and ''section

14101'' for ''section 1471(12)''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2002 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 107-110 effective Jan. 8, 2002, except with

respect to certain noncompetitive programs and competitive

programs, see section 5 of Pub. L. 107-110, set out as an Effective

Date note under section 6301 of Title 20, Education.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 15 section 3715.

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10 USC Sec. 2195 01/06/03

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TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART III - TRAINING AND EDUCATION

CHAPTER 111 - SUPPORT OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING

EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2195. Department of Defense cooperative education programs

-STATUTE-

(a) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the director of

each defense laboratory establishes, in association with one or

more public or private colleges or universities in the United

States or one or more consortia of colleges or universities in the

United States, cooperative work-education programs for

undergraduate and graduate students.

(b) Under a cooperative work-education program established under

subsection (a), a director referred to in that subsection may,

without regard to any applicable non-statutory limitation on the

number of authorized personnel or on the aggregate amount of any

personnel cost -

(1) make an offer for participation in the cooperative

work-education program directly to a student and appoint such

student to an entry-level position of employment in the

laboratory of such director;

(2) pay such person a rate of basic pay, not to exceed the

maximum rate of pay provided for grade GS-9 under the General

Schedule under section 5332 of title 5, that is competitive with

compensation levels provided for entry-level positions in similar

industry-sponsored cooperative work-education programs;

(3) pay all travel expenses between the college or university

in which the student is enrolled and the laboratory concerned for

not more than six round trips per year; and

(4) pay all or part of such fees, charges, and costs related to

the participation of such student in the cooperative

work-education program as tuition, matriculation fees, charges

for library and laboratory services, materials, and supplies, and

the purchase or rental price of books.

(c) A director of a defense laboratory may -

(1) require a student, as a condition for receiving payments

referred to in subsection (b)(4), to enter into a written

agreement to continue employment in such defense laboratory for a

period of service specified in the agreement; or

(2) make such payments without requiring such an agreement.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 101-510, div. A, title II, Sec. 247(a)(1), Nov. 5,

1990, 104 Stat. 1522.)

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10 USC Sec. 2196 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART III - TRAINING AND EDUCATION

CHAPTER 111 - SUPPORT OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING

EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2196. Manufacturing engineering education: grant program

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment of Grant Program. - (1) The Secretary of

Defense shall establish a program under which the Secretary makes

grants to support -

(A) the enhancement of existing programs in manufacturing

engineering education; or

(B) the establishment of new programs in manufacturing

engineering education that meet such requirements.

(2) Grants under this section may be made to institutions of

higher education or to consortia of such institutions.

(3) The Secretary shall establish the program in consultation

with the Secretary of Education, the Director of the National

Science Foundation, and the Director of the Office of Science and

Technology Policy.

(b) New Programs in Manufacturing Engineering Education. - A

program in manufacturing engineering education to be established at

an institution of higher education may be considered to be a new

program for the purpose of subsection (a)(1)(B) regardless of

whether the program is to be conducted -

(1) within an existing department in a school of engineering of

the institution;

(2) within a manufacturing engineering department to be

established separately from the existing departments within such

school of engineering; or

(3) within a manufacturing engineering school or center to be

established separately from an existing school of engineering of

such institution.

(c) Minimum Number of Grants for New Programs. - Of the total

number of grants awarded pursuant to this section, at least

one-third shall be awarded for the purpose stated in subsection

(a)(1)(B).

(d) Geographical Distribution of Grants. - In awarding grants

under this subsection, the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent

practicable, avoid geographical concentration of grant awards.

(e) Coordination of Grant Program With the National Science

Foundation. - The Secretary of Defense and the Director of the

National Science Foundation shall enter into an agreement for

carrying out the grant program established pursuant to this

section. The agreement shall include procedures to ensure that the

grant program is fully coordinated with similar existing programs

of the National Science Foundation.

(f) Covered Programs. - (1) A program of engineering education

supported with a grant awarded pursuant to this section shall meet

the requirements of this section.

(2) Such a grant may be made for a program of education to be

conducted at the undergraduate level, at the graduate level, or at

both the undergraduate and graduate levels.

(g) Components of Program. - The program of education for which

such a grant is made shall be a consolidated and integrated

multidisciplinary program of education having each of the following

components:

(1) Multidisciplinary instruction that encompasses the total

manufacturing engineering enterprise and that may include -

(A) manufacturing engineering education and training through

classroom activities, laboratory activities, thesis projects,

individual or team projects, and visits to industrial

facilities, consortia, or centers of excellence in the United

States and foreign countries;

(B) faculty development programs;

(C) recruitment of educators highly qualified in

manufacturing engineering;

(D) presentation of seminars, workshops, and training for the

development of specific research or education skills; and

(E) activities involving interaction between the institution

of higher education conducting the program and industry,

including programs for visiting scholars or industry

executives.

(2) Opportunities for students to obtain work experience in

manufacturing through such activities as internships, summer job

placements, or cooperative work-study programs.

(3) Faculty and student research that is directly related to,

and supportive of, the education of undergraduate or graduate

students in advanced manufacturing science and technology because

of -

(A) the increased understanding of advanced manufacturing

science and technology that is derived from such research; and

(B) the enhanced quality and effectiveness of the instruction

that result from that increased understanding.

(h) Grant Proposals. - The Secretary of Defense, in coordination

with the Director of the National Science Foundation, shall solicit

from institutions of higher education in the United States (and

from consortia of such institutions) proposals for grants to be

made pursuant to this section for the support of programs of

manufacturing engineering education that are consistent with the

purposes of this section.

(i) Merit Competition. - Applications for grants shall be

evaluated on the basis of merit pursuant to competitive procedures

prescribed by the Secretary in consultation with the Director of

the National Science Foundation.

(j) Selection Criteria. - The Secretary may select a proposal for

the award of a grant pursuant to this section if the proposal, at a

minimum, does each of the following:

(1) Contains innovative approaches for improving engineering

education in manufacturing technology.

(2) Demonstrates a strong commitment by the proponents to apply

the resources necessary to achieve the objectives for which the

grant is to be made.

(3) Provides for the conduct of research that supports the

instruction to be provided in the proposed program and is likely

to improve manufacturing engineering and technology.

(4) Demonstrates a significant level of involvement of United

States industry in the proposed instructional and research

activities.

(5) Is likely to attract superior students.

(6) Proposes to involve fully qualified faculty personnel who

are experienced in research and education in areas associated

with manufacturing engineering and technology.

(7) Proposes a program that, within three years after the grant

is made, is likely to attract from sources other than the Federal

Government the financial and other support necessary to sustain

such program.

(8) Proposes to achieve a significant level of participation by

women, members of minority groups, and individuals with

disabilities through active recruitment of students from among

such persons.

(k) Federal Support. - The amount of financial assistance

furnished to an institution under this section may not exceed 50

percent of the estimated cost of carrying out the activities

proposed to be supported in part with such financial assistance for

the period for which the assistance is to be provided.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 102-190, div. A, title VIII, Sec. 825(a)(1), Dec.

5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1438.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 2196, added Pub. L. 101-510, div. A, title II,

Sec. 247(a)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1523; amended Pub. L.

102-25, title VII, Sec. 701(i)(2), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 116,

defined ''defense laboratory'', prior to repeal by Pub. L. 102-190,

Sec. 825(a)(1). See section 2199 of this title.

IMPLEMENTATION OF GRANT PROGRAM; PRIORITY IN FUNDING

Section 825(b) of Pub. L. 102-190 provided that: ''Within one

year after the date of the enactment of this Act (Dec. 5, 1991),

the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Director of the

National Science Foundation, shall award grants under section 2196

of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)), to

institutions of higher education throughout the United States.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2197 of this title.

-CITE-

10 USC Sec. 2197 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART III - TRAINING AND EDUCATION

CHAPTER 111 - SUPPORT OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING

EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2197. Manufacturing experts in the classroom

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment of Program. - The Secretary of Defense, in

consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Secretary of

Commerce, shall conduct a program to support the following

activities of one or more manufacturing experts at institutions of

higher education:

(1) Identifying the education and training requirements of

United States manufacturing firms located in the same geographic

region as an institution participating in the program.

(2) Assisting in the development of teaching curricula for

classroom and in-factory education and training classes at such

an institution.

(3) Teaching such classes and overseeing the teaching of such

classes by others.

(4) Improving the knowledge and expertise of permanent faculty

and staff of such an institution.

(5) Marketing the programs and facilities of such an

institution to firms referred to in paragraph (1).

(6) Coordinating the activities described in the other

provisions of this subsection with other programs conducted by

the Federal Government, any State, any local government, or any

private, nonprofit organization to modernize United States

manufacturing firms, especially the regional centers for the

transfer of manufacturing technology and programs receiving

financial assistance under section 2196 of this title.

(b) Merit Competition. - Applications for assistance under this

section shall be evaluated on the basis of merit pursuant to

competitive procedures prescribed by the Secretary.

(c) Selection Criteria. - The Secretary shall select institutions

for the award of financial assistance under this section from among

institutions submitting applications for such assistance that -

(1) demonstrate that the proposed activities are of an

appropriate scale and a sufficient quality to ensure long term

improvement in the applicant's capability to serve the education

and training needs of United States manufacturing firms in the

same region as the applicant;

(2) demonstrate a significant level of industry involvement and

support;

(3) demonstrate attention to the needs of any United States

industries that supply manufactured products to the Department of

Defense or to a contractor of the Department of Defense; and

(4) meet such other criteria as the Secretary may prescribe.

(d) Federal Support. - The amount of financial assistance

furnished to an institution under this section may not exceed 50

percent of the estimated cost of carrying out the activities

proposed to be supported in part with such financial assistance for

the period for which the assistance is to be provided. In no event

may the amount of the financial assistance provided to an

institution exceed $250,000 per year. The period for which

financial assistance is provided an institution under this section

shall be at least two years unless such assistance is earlier

terminated for cause determined by the Secretary.

(e) Manufacturing Expert Defined. - In this section, the term

''manufacturing expert'' means manufacturing managers and workers

having experience in the organization of production and education

and training needs and other experts in manufacturing.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 102-190, div. A, title VIII, Sec. 825(a)(1), Dec.

5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1440; amended Pub. L. 102-484, div. D, title

XLII, Sec. 4238(a), (b)(1), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2694.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1992 - Pub. L. 102-484, Sec. 4238(b)(1), substituted ''experts''

for ''managers'' in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102-484, Sec. 4238(a)(1), struck out

''managers and'' after ''manufacturing'' in introductory

provisions.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 102-484, Sec. 4238(a)(2), added subsec. (e).

-CITE-

10 USC Sec. 2198 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART III - TRAINING AND EDUCATION

CHAPTER 111 - SUPPORT OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING

EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2198. Management training program in Japanese language and

culture

-STATUTE-

(a) The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the National

Science Foundation, shall establish a program for the making of

grants on a competitive basis to United States institutions of

higher education and other United States not-for-profit

organizations for the conduct of programs for scientists,

engineers, and managers to learn Japanese language and culture.

(b) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe in regulations the

criteria for awarding a grant under the program for activities of

an institution or organization referred to in subsection (a),

including the following:

(1) Whether scientists, engineers, and managers of defense

laboratories and Department of Energy laboratories are permitted

a level of participation in such activities that is beneficial to

the development and application of defense critical technologies

by such laboratories.

(2) Whether such activities include the placement of United

States scientists, engineers, and managers in Japanese government

and industry laboratories -

(A) to improve the knowledge of such scientists, engineers,

and managers in (i) Japanese language and culture, and (ii) the

research and development and management practices of such

laboratories; and

(B) to provide opportunities for the encouragement of

technology transfer from Japan to the United States.

(3) Whether an appropriate share of the costs of such

activities will be paid out of funds derived from non-Federal

Government sources.

(c) In this section, the term ''defense critical technology''

means a technology that is identified under section 2505 of this

title as critical for attaining the national security objectives

set forth in section 2501(a) of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 102-190, div. A, title VIII, Sec. 828(a), Dec. 5,

1991, 105 Stat. 1444; amended Pub. L. 103-35, title II, Sec.

201(c)(3), May 31, 1993, 107 Stat. 98; Pub. L. 105-85, div. A,

title X, Sec. 1073(a)(39), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1902.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1997 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105-85 substituted ''that is

identified under section 2505 of this title as critical for

attaining the national security objectives set forth in section

2501(a) of this title.'' for ''identified in a defense critical

technologies plan submitted to the Congress under section 2506 of

this title.''

1993 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103-35 substituted ''a defense'' for

''an annual defense'' and ''section 2506'' for ''section 2522''.

-CITE-

10 USC Sec. 2199 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 10 - ARMED FORCES

Subtitle A - General Military Law

PART III - TRAINING AND EDUCATION

CHAPTER 111 - SUPPORT OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING

EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 2199. Definitions

-STATUTE-

In this chapter:

(1) The term ''defense laboratory'' means a laboratory operated

by the Department of Defense or owned by the Department of

Defense and operated by a contractor or a facility of a Defense

Agency at which research and development activities are

conducted.

(2) The term ''institution of higher education'' has the

meaning given such term in section 101 of the Higher Education

Act of 1965.

(3) The term ''regional center for the transfer of

manufacturing technology'' means a regional center for the

transfer of manufacturing technology referred to in section 25(a)

of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15

U.S.C. 278k).

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 102-190, div. A, title VIII, Sec. 825(a)(1), Dec.

5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1441; amended Pub. L. 105-244, title I, Sec.

102(a)(2)(B), Oct. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1617.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965, referred to in

par. (2), is classified to section 1001 of Title 20, Education.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Par. (2). Pub. L. 105-244 substituted ''section 101 of the

Higher Education Act of 1965'' for ''section 1201(a) of the Higher

Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1141(a))''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-244 effective Oct. 1, 1998, except as

otherwise provided in Pub. L. 105-244, see section 3 of Pub. L.

105-244, set out as a note under section 1001 of Title 20,

Education.

-CITE-