Phrasal Verb

Vocabulario inglés # Break down. Bring back. Get away. Go off. Holp up. Look through. Make out. Take off

  • Enviado por: Hexe
  • Idioma: inglés
  • País: México México
  • 9 páginas
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PHRASAL VERBS

ACT UP (NO OBJECT): MISBEHAVE (FOR PEOPLE); NOT WORK PROPERLY (FOR MACHINES).

"THE BABYSITTER HAD A DIFFICULT TIME. THE CHILDREN ACTED UP ALL EVENING."

"I GUESS I'D BETTER TAKE MY CAR TO THE GARAGE. IT'S BEEN ACTING UP LATELY."

ACT LIKE (INSEPARABLE): BEHAVE IN A WAY THAT'S LIKE _____ .

"WHAT'S WRONG WITH BOB? HE'S ACTING LIKE AN IDIOT."

NOTE: THIS PHRASAL VERB IS VERY INFORMAL.

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BACK DOWN (NO OBJECT): NOT FOLLOW A THREAT.

"TOM WAS GOING TO CALL THE POLICE WHEN I TOLD HIM I'D WRECKED HIS CAR, BUT HE BACKED DOWN WHEN I SAID I'D PAY FOR THE DAMAGES."

BACK OFF (NO OBJECT): NOT FOLLOW A THREAT.

"TOM WAS READY TO CALL THE POLICE WHEN I TOLD HIM I'D WRECKED HIS CAR, BUT HE BACKED OFF WHEN I SAID I'D PAY FOR THE DAMAGES."

BACK UP (1. NO OBJECT): MOVE BACKWARD; MOVE IN REVERSE.

"YOU MISSED THE LINES IN THE PARKING SPACE. YOU'LL HAVE TO BACK UP AND TRY AGAIN."

"THE PEOPLE WAITING IN LINE ARE TOO CLOSE TO THE DOOR. WE WON'T BE ABLE TO OPEN IT UNLESS THEY BACK UP."

BACK UP (2. SEPARABLE): DRIVE A VEHICLE BACKWARDS (IN REVERSE).

"YOU'RE TOO CLOSE! BACK YOUR CAR UP SO I CAN OPEN THE GARAGE DOOR."

* * * * *

CALL OFF (SEPARABLE): CANCEL SOMETHING THAT HAS BEEN SCHEDULED.

"WE DON'T HAVE SCHOOL TODAY. THE MAYOR CALLED CLASSES OFF BECAUSE OF THE SNOW."

CALL ON (INSEPARABLE): ASK SOMEONE FOR AN ANSWER IN CLASS.

"I DON'T KNOW WHY THE TEACHER NEVER CALLS ON YOU. YOU ALWAYS KNOW THE ANSWER."

* * * * *

DO IN (1. SEPARABLE): CAUSE TO BECOME VERY TIRED.

"THOSE THREE GAMES OF TENNIS YESTERDAY AFTERNOON REALLY DID ME IN. I SLEPT FOR TEN HOURS AFTER I GOT HOME."

DO IN (2. SEPARABLE): TO KILL; TO MURDER.

"THE SAID THAT THE MURDERED MAN WAS DONE IN BETWEEN 10 AND 11 O'CLOCK LAST NIGHT."

* * * * *

END UP (1. NO OBJECT): FINALLY ARRIVE AT; ARRIVE AT AN UNEXPECTED PLACE.

"WE GOT LOST LAST NIGHT AND ENDED UP IN THE NEXT TOWN."

END UP (2. NO OBJECT): ARRIVE SOMEWHERE AS A RESULT OR CONSEQUENCE.

"YOU'RE WORKING TOO HARD. IF YOU DON'T TAKE IT EASY, YOU'LL END UP IN THE HOSPITAL!"

* * * * *

FALL THROUGH (NO OBJECT): NOT HAPPEN. (NOTE: DESCRIBES SOMETHING THAT WAS PLANNED BUT DIDN'T HAPPEN.)

"WE HAD ORIGINALLY INTENDED TO GO TO MEXICO FOR OUR VACATION, BUT OUR TRIP FELL THROUGH WHEN I GOT SICK."

FALL THROUGH (NO OBJECT): NOT HAPPEN. (NOTE: DESCRIBES SOMETHING THAT WAS PLANNED BUT DIDN'T HAPPEN.)

"WE HAD ORIGINALLY INTENDED TO GO TO MEXICO FOR OUR VACATION, BUT OUR TRIP FELL THROUGH WHEN I GOT SICK."

* * * * *

GO OUT WITH (INSEPARABLE): HAVE A DATE WITH.

"YOU WENT OUT WITH SHARON LAST NIGHT, DIDN'T YOU?"

GO WITH (1. NO OBJECT): LOOK PLEASING TOGETHER. (NOTE: FOR CLOTHES, FURNITURE, ETC.)

"YOU SHOULD BUY THAT SHIRT. IT WILL GO WELL WITH YOUR DARK BROWN SUIT."

GO WITH (2. NO OBJECT): DATE REGULARLY AND STEADILY.

"IS GINA GOING WITH JIM? I SEE THEM TOGETHER ALL THE TIME."

* * * * *

 HAND IN (SEPARABLE): SUBMIT HOMEWORK, AN ASSIGNMENT, ETC.

"YOU'D BETTER GET STARTED ON YOUR REPORT. YOU KNOW THAT YOU HAVE TO HAND IT IN AT 8:30 TOMORROW MORNING!"

 HAND OUT (SEPARABLE): DISTRIBUTE.

"WHY DON'T YOU HAVE A COURSE DESCRIPTION AND LIST OF ASSIGNMENTS? THE TEACHER HANDED THEM OUT ON THE FIRST DAY OF CLASS."

* * * * *

IRON OUT (SEPARABLE): MUTUALLY REACH AN AGREEMENT; MUTUALLY RESOLVE DIFFICULTIES

"YES, I KNOW WE DISAGREE ON LOTS OF THINGS, SUSAN, BUT WE CAN IRON THEM OUT."

* * * * *

 JACK UP (1. SEPARABLE): RAISE / LIFE BY USING A JACK.

"WE'LL HAVE TO JACK THE BACK OF THE CAR UP BEFORE WE CAN CHANGE THE TIRE."

JACK UP (2. SEPARABLE): RAISE (USED FOR PRICES).

"THE CAR DEALER BOUGHT MY OLD FORD FOR $750 AND JACKED THE PRICE UP TO $1,500 WHEN THEY SOLD IT."

* * * * *

KEEP ON (1. INSEPARABLE--FOLLOWED BY AN -ING VERB): CONTINUE

"I'M NOT READY TO STOP YET. I THINK I'LL KEEP ON WORKING FOR A WHILE."

KEEP ON (SOMEONE) (2. INSEPARABLE): CONTINUE TO REMIND SOMEONE TO DO SOMETHING UNTIL HE/SHE DOES IT (EVEN IF THIS IRRITATES HER/HIM).

"BILL'S VERY FORGETFUL. YOU'LL HAVE TO KEEP ON HIM OR HE'LL NEVER DO ALL THE THINGS YOU WANT HIM TO DO."

* * * * *

LET DOWN (SEPARABLE): DISAPPOINT.

"I KNOW I LET YOU DOWN WHEN I DIDN'T DO WHAT I PROMISED. I'M REALLY SORRY."

LET UP (NO OBJECT): BECOME LESS INTENSE OR SLOWER.

"IT'S BEEN RAINING HARD FOR A LONG TIME. WILL IT EVER LET UP?"

* * * * *

MARK UP (SEPARABLE): INCREASE THE PRICE (FOR RESALE).

"MRS. WHITE'S IMPORT SHOP IS PROFITABLE BECAUSE SHE BUYS THINGS INEXPENSIVELY AND THEN MARKS THEM UP."

MARK DOWN (SEPARABLE): REDUCE THE PRICE (AS AN INCENTIVE TO BUY).

"THESE SHOES WERE REALLY A BARGAIN! THE STORE MARKED THEM DOWN BY 40%!"

* * * * *

NOD OFF (NO OBJECT): FALL SLEEP (USUALLY UNINTENTIONALLY).

"THE SPEECH WAS SO BORING THAT SEVERAL PEOPLE IN THE AUDIENCE NODDED OFF BEFORE IT WAS FINISHED."

* * * * *

PASS AWAY (NO OBJECT): DIE.

"I WAS VERY SORRY TO HEAR THAT YOUR GRANDFATHER PASSED AWAY."

PASS OUT (1. NO OBJECT): FAINT; LOSE CONSCIOUSNESS.

"WHEN ELLA HEARD THAT SHE'D WON A MILLION DOLLARS, SHE WAS SO SHOCKED THAT SHE PASSED OUT."

PASS OUT (2. SEPARABLE): DISTRIBUTE.

"EVERYONE IN THE ROOM NEEDS ONE OF THESE INFORMATION SHEETS. WHO WILL HELP ME PASS THEM OUT?"

* * * * *

RUN INTO (INSEPARABLE): MEET BY CHANCE.

"YESTERDAY AT THE SUPERMARKET, JAN RAN INTO HER FORMER ROOMMATE. BEFORE YESTERDAY, THEY HADN'T SEEN EACH OTHER FOR NEARLY FIVE YEARS."

RUN OUT OF (INSEPARABLE): USE THE LAST OF.

"ON THE WAY HOME FROM WORK, ART RAN OUT OF GAS."

* * * * *

SHOW UP (1. NO OBJECT): ARRIVE; APPEAR.

"THE BOSS WAS VERY UPSET WHEN YOU DIDN'T SHOW UP FOR THE MEETING. WHAT HAPPENED?"

SHOW UP (2. SEPARABLE): DO A NOTICEABLY BETTER JOB (OFTEN UNEXPECTEDLY) THAN SOMEONE ELSE.

"EVERYONE THOUGHT MARSHA WOULD WIN, BUT JEAN DID. ACTUALLY, JEAN REALLY SHOWED MARSHA UP."

* * * * *

TRY ON (SEPARABLE): WEAR SOMETHING BRIEFLY TO CHECK ITS FIT, HOW IT LOOKS, ETC.

"I'M NOT SURE THAT JACKET IS LARGE ENOUGH. MAY I TRY IT ON?"

TRY OUT (SEPARABLE): USE A MACHINE BRIEFLY TO DETERMINE HOW WELL IT WORKS.

"I REALLY LIKE THE WAY THIS CAR LOOKS. MAY I TRY IT OUT?"

TRY OUT (FOR) (INSEPARABLE): TRY TO WIN A PLACE ON A TEAM OR OTHER ORGANIZATION.

"I KNOW YOU WANT TO BE ON THE FOOTBALL TEAM. ARE YOU GOING TO TRY OUT?"

"IF YOU LIKE TO SING, YOU SHOULD TRY OUT FOR THE CHOIR.

* * * * *

WAIT ON (1. INSEPARABLE): SERVE (USUALLY CUSTOMERS IN A RESTAURANT, SHOP, ETC.)

"I WANT TO MAKE A COMPLAINT. THE PERSON WHO JUST WAITED ON ME WAS VERY IMPOLITE."

WAIT FOR (INSEPARABLE): WAIT UNTIL SOMEONE / SOMETHING ARRIVES OR IS FINISHED WITH SOMETHING ELSE.

"WHEN WILL KENNY BE FINISHED WITH WORK? I'VE BEEN WAITING FOR HIM FOR ALMOST AN HOUR!"

"I'M TIRED OF WAITING FOR THE BUS. I GUESS I'LL TAKE A TAXI INSTEAD."

* * * * *

ZONK OUT (NO OBJECT): FALL ASLEEP QUICKLY BECAUSE OF EXHAUSTION.

"I INTENDED TO GO SHOPPING AFTER WORK, BUT I WAS SO TIRED THAT I ZONKED OUT AS SOON AS I GOT HOME."

COLEGIO DE BACHILLERES

PLANTEL COZUMEL

MATERIA: INGLES II

II - A