Inglés

Gramática. Verbos. Conjugación. Preposiciones. Adjetivos

  • Enviado por: Mari Carmen
  • Idioma: castellano
  • País: España España
  • 5 páginas
publicidad

TO BE

I am I am not Am I?

YOU are You aren´t Are you?

HE/ SHE/ IT is He/she/it isn´t Is he/she/it?

WE are We aren´t Are we?

YOU are You aren´t Are you?

THEY are They aren´t Are they?

PRESENTE SIMPLE

Se forma dejando el verbo igual, y a la 3ª persona del singular se le añade s.

I play

You play

He/she/it plays

We play

You play

They play

I don´t play

You don´t play

He/she/it doesn´t play

We don´t play

You don´t play

They don´t play

Do I play?

Do you play?

Does he/she/it play?

Do we play?

Do you play?

Do they play?

Se usa el presente simple cuando aparece en la frase las siguientes palabras:

  • always

  • usually, generally

  • often

  • sometimes

  • rarely

  • never

THERE IS/ THERE ARE/ A /AN/ SOME/ ANY/MUCH/MANY

THERE IS: se utiliza para los sustantivos en singular. En negativa there isn´t.

THERE ARE: se utiliza para los sustantivos en plural. En negativa there aren´t.

A: un/una.

AN: un/una. Se pone cuando la palabra empieza por vocal.

SOME: unos/as, algunos/as. Se usa en frases afirmativas.

ANY: ningún/a, nada de. Se usa en frases negativas e interrogativas.

MUCH: mucho/a. se usa en frases negativas e interrogativas.

MANY: muchos/as.

HAVE GOT

Se forma con el have para todas las personas menos para la 3ª persona del singular que se utiliza has.

I have got

You have got

He/she/it has got

We have got

You have got

They have got

I haven´t got

You haven't got

He/she/it hasn´t got

We haven't got

You haven't got

They haven't got

Have I got?

Have you got?

Has you got?

Have we got?

Have you got?

Have they got?

PLURALES IRREGULARES

Sheep- sheep

Tooth- teeth

Man- men

Child- children

Foot- feet

Woman- women

Mouse- mice

Person- people

PRESENTE CONTINUO

Se forma con el verbo TO BE y el verbo acabado en - ing.

I am playing

You are playing

He/she/it is playing

We are playing

You are playing

They are playing

I am not playing

You aren't playing

He/she/it isn't playing

We aren't playing

You aren't playing

They aren't playing

Am I playing?

Are you playing?

Is he/she/it playing?

Are we playing?

Are you playing?

Are they playing?

Se utiliza el presente continuo cuando aparece en la frase las siguientes palabras:

  • right now

  • now

  • at the moment

  • today

  • this week

  • these days

CONTRASTE ENTRE PRESENTE SIMPLE Y PRESENTE CONTINUO

El presente simple se usa para hablar de hechos rutinarios y habituales.

El presente continuo dice lo que está sucediendo en el momento presente.

HOW MUCH/ HOW MANY

HOW MUCH: cuánto/a. se usa con nombres no constables.

HOW MANY: cuántos/as. Se usa con nombres constables en plural.

ADJETIVOS COMPARATIVOS Y SUPERLATIVOS

ADJETIVO COMPARATIVO: se utiliza para comparar 2 cosas. Si tiene 1 sílaba y acaba en y, se le añade er. Si se trata de 1 palabra larga se pone more y than delante del adjetivo. Ej: bigger / chinesse is more difficult than english.

ADJETIVO SUPERLATIVO: si la palabra es corta se le añade est y si es larga se le pone delante the most. Ej: biggest/ he is the most intelligent of all my friendo.

* CASOS ESPECIALES:

adjetivo

comparativo

superlativo

Good (bueno/a)

Bad (malo/a)

Little (poco/a)

Better

Worse

less

The best

The worst

The least

MODALS

  • no cambian en la 3ª persona del singular.

  • Siempre van seguidos de otro verbo (sin cambiar de forma y sin to).

  • No necesitan de auxiliar do para la negativa ni interrogativa.

I must use

You must use

He/she/it must use

We must use

You must use

They must use

I mustn´t use

You mustn´t use

He/she/it mustn't use

We mustn't use

You mustn't use

They mustn't use

Must I use?

Must you use?

Must he/she/it use?

Must we use?

Must you use?

Must they use?

CAN/CAN´T (PODER / SABER)

I can play

You can play

He/she/it can play

We can play

You can play

They can play

I cannot play

You cannot play

He/she/it cannot play

We cannot play

You cannot play

They cannot play

Can I play?

Can you play?

Can he/she/it play?

Can we play?

Can you play?

Can they play?

SHOULD/ SHOULDN´T (DEBERÍAS)

I should study

You should study

He/she/it should study

We should study

You should study

They should study

I shouldn´t study

You shouldn´t study

He/she/it shouldn´t study

We shouldn´t study

You shouldn´t study

They shouldn´t study

Should I study?

Should you study?

Should he/she/it study?

Should we study?

Should you study?

Should they study?

IMPERATIVO

Solo se usa en afirmativa e interrogative. No lleva sujeto ni tiene forma interrogativa. Indica 1 orden.

Ej: Open your book (abre tu libro)

Close the window (cierra la ventana)

TO BE EN PASADO (era, estaba)

I was

You were

He/she/it was

We were

You were

They were

I wasn't

You weren't

He/she/it wasn't

We weren't

You weren't

They weren't

Was I?

Were you?

Was he/she/it?

Were we?

Were you?

Were they?

THERE WAS/ THERE WERE

There was: para 3ª y 1ªpersona del singular .

There were: para las demás personas.

There wasn´t.

There weren´t.

Was there…?

Were there…?

PASADO SIMPLE

Se forma añadiendo al verbo en afirmativa ed.

Para negativa didn´t para todas las personas y didn´t para 3ª persona del singular.

Para interrogativa did para todas las personas.

I talked

You talked

He/she/it talked

We talked

You talked

They talked

I didn't talk

You didn't talk

He/she/it didn't talked

We didn't talked

You didn't talked

They didn't talked

Did I talk?

Did you talk?

Did he/she/it talk?

Did we talk?

Did you talk?

Did they talk?

Se utiliza cuando aparece en la frase las siguientes palabras:

  • yesterday.

  • Last night.

  • Last week.

  • Last year.

  • At +hora.

  • On+ día de la semana.

  • Ago (hace).

PASADO CONTINUO

Se forma con el pasado del verbo to be y añadiendo al verbo -ing.

I was working

You were working

He/she/it was working

We were working

You were working

They were working

I wasn´t working

You weren´t working

He/she/it wasn't working

We weren't working

You weren't working

They weren't working

Was I working?

Were you working?

Was he/she/it working?

Were we working?

Were you working?

Were they working?

Se utiliza cuando aparece en la frase las siguientes palabras:

  • while

  • this morning

  • last night

  • last month

  • yesterday

CONTRASTE ENTRE PASADO SIMPLE Y PASADO CONTINUO

Cuando aparece en la frase when se pone el pasado simple.

Cuando aparece en la frase while se pone el pasado continuo.

Ej: ken was watching TV when the phone rang.

There weren´t wearing shirts while they were swimming.

PARTÍCULAS INTERROGATIVAS

WHEN- cuándo?

WHAT- qué?

WHO- quién?

WHERE- dónde?

HOW- cómo?

PREPOSICIONES DE LUGAR

IN: en, dentro de.

ON: en, sobre.

NEXT TO: al lado de, junto a.

OPPOSITE: enfrente de.

BEHIND: detrás de.

BETWEEN: entre 2.

IN FRONT OF: delante de.

ON THE CORNER: en la esquina.

ON THE RIGHT: a la derecha.

ON THE LEFT: a la izquierda.

FUTURO CON BE GOING TO

I am going to swim

You are going to swim

He/she/it is going to swim

We are going to swim

You are going to swim

They are going to swim

I am not going to swim

You aren´t going to swim

He/she/it isn't going to swim

We aren't going to swim

You aren't going to swim

They aren't going to swim

Am I going to swim?

Are you going to swim?

Is he/she/it going to swim?

Are we going to swim?

Are you going to swim?

Are they going to swim?

Se utiliza cuando aparece en la frase:

  • on+ 1 día de la semana.

  • Soon (pronto).

  • Later (+ tarde).

  • Tomorrow (mañana).

  • Next year (próximo año).

WILL

I will save

You will save

He/she/it will save

We will save

You will save

They will save

I won´t save

You won´t save

He/she/it won´t save

We won´t save

You won´t save

They won´t save

Will I save?

Will you save?

Will he/she/it save?

Will we save?

Will you save?

Will they save?

Se utiliza cuando aparece en la frase:

  • in the future.

  • In 2007.

  • One day.