Inglés

Filología inglesa. Gramática. Tiempos verbales # Present Simple. Present Continuos. Present Perfect Simple. Past Simple. Past Continuos. Past Perfect Simple. Used to. Will. Going to. Future Continuos. Future Perfect Simple

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  • Idioma: inglés
  • País: España España
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ANGLES GRAMATICA

PRESENT SIMPLE:

Rutinas,costumbres,hechos científicos

Aux:do,des

*Adverbios de frecuencia: always,often,usually,sometimes,rarely,never,on+day of the week finished with (Tuesdays), every day,week,month,year

Ejemlos:

-You eat meat every day / She always eats meat

-They don't like cheese / She doesn't like cheese

-Do you have a new car? / Does she have a new car

PRESENT COTINUOS:

Presente imediato,planes futuro(con horario)

To be +ing

*Now,at the moment,right now,today,these days,this month

Ejemplos:

-You are eating meat today.

-She isn't coming this week

-Are you leaving tomorrow morning?

States verbs: want, have, understand, mean, know, think, belong, belive,love,

hate, forget, realize, remember,own, like, see, hear, smell, taste, need, prefer.

Have: possesio(state verb),auxiliary (ing)

See:vorer(state verb),quedar amb algu(ing)

Think:pensar(ing),creure,(state verb)

Present perfect simple:

Acciones que comenzaron en el pasado y que infuyen en el presente, acciones del pasado inacabadas en el presente

Have/has+ participio pasado(3ªcolumna)

*Everhave/has+sub+ever+p.p?

Neversubj+have/has+never+p.p?

Alreadysubj+have/has+already+pp?

Justsubj+have/has+just+pp?

Yet subj+have/has+pp+……+yet?

Since(desde,desde que):introduce un momento concreto

For(desde hace,durante):introduce un periodo de tiempo

Ejemplos:

-she has decided to move somewhere new

-I haven't slept wellfor months

-have you ever had the feeling that you're not alone?

PAST SIMPLE:

Hechos que ocurren en un momento del pasado que ya ha acabado,(accion corta)

Aux: did

*(suddenly, when,adverbios de frecuencia,status verbs)+ pasat simple

*yesterday,last night ,month,week etc….,at+1hour(at 7:30),on+1day(on Monday),in+a year(in 2001),ago(two days ago)

Ejemplos:

-He played basketball at school

-Ididn't run this morning

-Did you see the football match yesterday?

PAST CONTINUOS:

Acciones que se extienden en el presente , a veces simultaneous

To be past(was,were)+ ing

*(as,while,hora)+past continuos

Ejemplos:

-She was having lunch at 2:00 p.m yesterday

-They weren't watching T.V at 10:00

-He was starting at the screen when he has an idea

-My mum called me while we were playing tennis.

Past perfect simple:

Had+past participle(3ªcolumna)

Hadn't + past participle(3ªcolumna)

(quest world): had+subject+verb past participle……?

Uses: to talk about actions that have happened before the past

Ejemplos:

-I have been to three parties since I arrived.

-They haven't finished their homework yet

-Sam and ben haven't arrived yet. Who hasn't arrived yet?

USED TO:

Acciones habituales que se repetian en el pasado, también podemos utilizar:

would+base form.(would sólo en afirmativa)

Ejemplo: when we where children,my father used to/would tell us ghost stories.

Estados o situaciones del pasado que no se dan en el presente

Ejemplo: I used my to have a bicycle,but i sold it.

Habitos o costumbres que se tenían en el pasado

Ejemplo: I used to smoke, but now i don't smoke at all

Negativa/interrogative

subject + didn't use to + base form.

Did +subject + use to +base form?

past simple: para acciones únicas en el pasado

Be used to +(ing/noun):acostumbrarse a…

En todos los tiempos verbaes pero más en presente continuos o presente perfect

(used to quan posem did o didn't es l qeda:”use to”)

WILL:

Predicciones para el futuro basadas en mi opinion, desiciones inmediatas,espontaneas.

Wiil+inf

*tomorrow,next year, later,this time next year, in two year's time, in the future, in 2090, one day

*I think , I hope, I expect, I'm sure, I promise

Ejemplos:

-We will have intelligent homes in the year 2020

-What will YOU DO NEXT YEAR?

-She won't cme now.

GOING TO:

Uses:

-planes en el futuro

-prediccion de futuro basadas en pruevas

- intencion de futuro

(voy a)

-on +1 day, soon, later, tonight,tomorrowm, next week

Ejemplos:

I'm going to work in a new office

-Shes's not going to go to university

-What are you going to do next month?

FUTURE CONTINUOS:

Will + be + verb-ing

1Future actions that will last for a period of time(acciones el futuro que ocurren en un periodo de tiempo)

Ejemplo:

-I can't go to the cinema tomorrow

-I'll be working all day

2Future actions that have been planed beforehand( acciones del futuro ke han sido planeadas de natemano)

Ejemplo: On Thursday, we'll be going to parts

FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE:

Will+be+verbo-ing

Expresa una acción que habrà terminado en un momento concreto del futuro.suele ir acompañada de expresiones temporales como by time,in 2015,etc

Ejemplo:

-by the time next year,I will have finished school.

-You'll have learnt to write compositions by the end of the school year