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Vocabulario. Fases hechas. Sinónimos. Lenguaje informático # Antonyms

  • Enviado por: Javier Allende
  • Idioma: inglés
  • País: España España
  • 10 páginas
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VOCABULARY:

A

  • Accurate = Preciso

  • Antique dealer = anticuario

  • Applicant = candidato

  • Apprenctice = aprendiz

  • architect= arquitecto

  • to apply =

  • to advertise = anunciar

  • advertisment = anucio

  • assembly line = cadena de montaje

  • average =media

  • assess = evaluar

B

  • Busy = Ocupado

  • Broker = corredor de bolsa

  • Bookmaker = corredor de apuestas

  • Barrister = abogado

  • A (dog) breeder = criador de perros

  • Building contractor = contratista

  • To be about to do = Estar apto para hacer algo

  • To boot up = cargar

  • To be made up = Estar configurado

  • To broadcast = (Re)transmitir

  • To be able to carry out = Poder realizar

  • to be on the board = ser miembro del panel de direccion

  • to be on the dole = estar en el paro

  • to be on the leave = estar de baja

  • to be workaholic = trabajador obsesivo

  • to be promoted = ascender

  • to be demoted = descender

  • boom = auge

C

  • CPU = Central processing unit

  • Cash dispenser = Cajero automático

  • Current = Corriente eléctrica

  • Computer program = Sistema informatico

  • Chiropodist = Podólogo

  • Cursor = Cursor

  • cardinal =nº cardinales

  • Chiropractor = quiropractico

  • Cathode ray monitors = tubo de rayos catódicos

  • career = carrera

D

  • Data = Datos

  • dozen = dozen

  • Device = Dispositivo

  • Dentist = dentista

  • Driving instructor = profesor de autoescuela

  • To do calculations = Hacer cálculos

  • To display = Mostrar

  • To drag = Arrastrar

  • To delete = Borrar

  • to do overtime = hacer horas extras

  • digits = digitos

  • dock = puerto

  • due to = debido a

  • developìng countries = paises en vias de desarrollo

  • drastically = drasticamente

E

  • Expansion slots = tarjeta de expansión

  • Electrician = electricista

  • Estate agent = agente inmobiliario

  • employee =empleado

  • employer = jefe

  • even = pares

  • expand =desarrollarse

F

  • Fire brigade = brigada de bomberos

  • Functionality = Funcionalidad

  • Function = Funcion

  • Fringe = flequillo

  • Flyer = Panfleto

  • Flat screen monitors = Monitores de pantalla plana

  • To fed into = Introducir en

  • firm = empresa

  • to fill in = rellenar (form)

  • figure = cifra

G

  • Glazier = cristalero

  • Grand piano =

  • To give out results = Dar resultados

  • To grab = Agarrar

  • gross = grueso

  • growth = crecimiento

H

  • Hairdresser = peluquero

  • Hand-held scanners = Scaners de mano

  • To handle = Organizar

  • hostages = rehenes

  • hat-trick = triple

I

  • Input = Datos de entrada

  • Interior decorator = decorador de interiores

  • Investment = inversión

  • improve = mejorar

J

K

L

  • Live = Activo

  • Lead = Cable de corriente

  • liquidation = liquidación

M

  • Monitor = Monitor

  • Masseur = masajista

  • Maintenance engineer = tecnico

  • Memo = Memorandum

  • Mechanic = mecanico

  • To make up = Componer

  • To muck up = Arruinar, echar a perder

  • managing director = director ejecutivo

N

O

  • On line = En linea

  • Osteopath = osteopata

  • Optician = oculista

  • Output = Datos de salida

  • overtime = horas extras

  • ordinal = nº ordinal

  • odd =impares

P

  • Process = Proceso

  • Physiotherapist = fisioterapeuta

  • Piano tuner = afinador de pianos

  • Power surge protection = Filtro de protección

  • Power point = Enchufe

  • Power surge = Subida de tensión

  • Pointer = Puntero

  • Pulses = Pulsos

  • Plumber = fontanero

  • Phychiatrist = psiquiatra

  • To place a bet = hacer una apuesta

  • To purchase = Adquirir

  • Putting off = Postponer

  • To plug = Enchufar

  • To perform = Realizar, funcionar

  • profession = profesion

  • profit = beneficio

Q

  • qualification = estudios

  • quotation = cotización

R

  • Range = Cantidad

  • Removal firm = empresa de mudanzas

  • Running = En ejecución

  • To run on = Funcionar con

  • To record test = Tener notas de

  • referees = referencias

  • To remove = Borrar

  • to resign = dimitir

  • round =redondeo

  • raise = aumentar

S

  • Solid part = Parte fisica

  • Scrap metal dealer = chatarrero

  • Slam = Jerga

  • Source = Fuente

  • Spillage = Vertido

  • Solicitor = procurador

  • Social worker = asistente social

  • Series = Serie

  • Slide scanners = Scaners de sobremesa

  • Spreadsheet = Hoja de cálculo

  • Switch on and working = Encendido y funcionando

  • Surgeon = cirujano

  • To surge = Incrementar = To increase

  • To strech = Alargar,estirar

  • To start up = Poner en marcha

  • staff = plantilla

  • scholarship = beca

  • salary =salario mensual

  • shop steward = sindicalista

  • shareholder = accionista

  • share = acciones

  • scores = veintena

  • slump = recesion

  • steady = regular / estable

  • slighttly = ligeramente

T

  • Thunderstorm = Tormenta

  • Tasks = Tareas

  • Travel agent = agente de viajes

  • To tell = Indicar

  • To take in = Recibir

  • training = entrenamiento

  • Trade Union = 'UGT'

  • to take somebody on = contratar

  • to take on a responsability = asumir resoponsabilidades

  • to take on a job = tener nuevo trabajo

  • trrend = tendencia

U

  • Up = Operativo

  • User = Usuario

  • Undertaker = empresario de pompas funebres

  • User-friendly = Utilización sencilla

  • User-unfriendly = Utilizacion complicada

  • Unemployee =desempleado

  • unemployment benefit = subsidio de desempleo

V

  • Verge = Límite

  • Vicar = cura ,vicario

W

  • Wire = Cable

  • To wipe out = borrar

  • Wide = ancho, grande

  • wage = salario semanal

  • wholesaler= mayorista

  • white colour works = profesiones liberales

  • to work flexitime = trabajar cuando te apetece

  • to work shifts = trabajar por tiempos

X

Y

Z

I.- Idioms = frases hechas.

  • At the eleventh hour = En el último momento

  • To play second fiddle = Tener una posición más o menos importante que alguien

  • To talk nineteen to the dozen = Hablar muy rápido

  • To be in two minds = Indeciso

  • On second thought = Pensandolo bien

  • To have fourty winks = Dormir un rato

  • To become second nature = Formar parte de la vida (hacer muchas veces)

  • Nappies = Pañales

  • 99 times out of a hundred = 99 veces de cada cien

  • At first sight = A primera vista

  • To came off second best = Llevarse la peor parte

  • To not know the first thing = Saber nada

  • To be one up on somebody = Tener ventaja sobre alguien

II.- Synonyms:

  • At your disposal = To be available

  • A store of data = database

  • Affordable = Low

  • A short official note = Memo

  • Back = Rear

  • Detailed records of money = Accounts

  • Dental surgeon = Dentist

  • Extra = Bonus

  • Easy-to-use = User-friendly

  • Fire brigade = Firemen

  • Funeral director = Undertaker

  • Hair dresser = Hair stylist

  • Input peripheral device = Keyboard

  • In advancte = beforehand

  • Leaflet = flyer

  • Linked up to = Attached to = Connected to

  • Lead = Power cable = Electrical conducting wire

  • Mixed = Combined

  • On = activated

  • Places where sth starts = Source

  • Power supply = Electrical circuit that provides certain direct current voltage for

  • use in other electrical circuit

  • Question = Query

  • Reasonable = Afforable

  • Recent into = Insert into = Feed into

  • Range = variety = group = set

  • Surprising = Amazing = Stunning

  • System of sygns = Electronic codes

  • Selections = Choices

  • Screen = Monitor = Visual display unit Sick = Tired

  • Switched on = Run

  • Sudden increase in electrical power in a system due to a failure = Power surge

  • Tasks = pieces of works

  • Things that have fallen = Spillage

  • Tool = Instrument = Device

  • Under = Beneath

  • Wonder = Ask yourself

  • Wire = Tail

  • Works = Operates

  • To allow = To enable

  • To be on the verge of doing sth = to be about to do sth

  • To be executed = to be running

  • To be second to none = Excellent

  • To boot up = To load

  • To be out = to extract

  • To create = To generate

  • To change into = To cover into

  • To copy apperance of sth = To mimic

  • To carry out = To perform

  • To dail with = to treat

  • To do sth using a computer network = To work on-line

  • To do = To perform = To execute = To carry out

  • To issue = to send = To give

  • To jump = To leap

  • To keep = To store

  • To let go of sth = To release

  • To move smoothly along an even surface = To slide

  • To muck up = to spoil = To ruin

  • To need = to require

  • To prom = To call for

  • To place = To grab

  • To purchase = to buy

  • To rely = To trust

  • To save = To keep = To store

  • To take sth away = To remove

  • To tap = To press

  • to dismiss= to fire = to get the sack

  • To consider = to count

  • To be likely to = to bound to = to be sure

  • to walk from place to another with no purpose = To wander

  • to bite sth several time = to chew

  • examples = samples

  • appropiate = suitable

  • expertise = skill

  • to go with = to be will

  • cheeky = cocky

  • scores of = a large number of

  • chasing = applying for

  • count yourself = feel proud that you are

  • jitters = nervousness

  • sidetrack = distracts

  • issue = purpose

  • note down = write down = jot down

  • to get caugt out = tobe found to be lying

  • giggling = laughing in a silly way

  • cocky = over-confident

  • to go over = to check

  • to come up = to think of sth and suggest it

  • to fall trough = to fail

  • to fill in = to complet

  • to get on with = to be friends with

  • to turn down = to reject

  • to face up = to cope with

  • to draw up = to prepare a document

  • to take over = to get control of company

  • To call off = to cancel

  • demanding = challanging

  • IV.- Mixed

    MACHINE THAT STORES AND PROCESSES DATA…………………………………...COMPUTER

    TO COPY…………………………………………………………………………………….REPLICATE

    SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION……………………………………………………………RESEARCH

    TO KEEP WITHIN A LIMIT……………………………………………………………….RESTRICT

    FALL, REDUCTION………………………………………………………………………..DECREASE

    TO COPY……………………………………………………………………………………SIMULATE

    ALWAYS IN THE SYSTEM………………………………………………………………RESIDENT

    TO KEEP IN GOOD WORKING ORDER……………………………………………...…MAINTAIN

    UNEXPLAINED FAULT IN A SYSTEM………………………………………………....GREMLIN

    SYMBOL OF MULTIPLICATION………………………………………………………..ASTERISK

    USED TO ENTER INFORMATION INTO A COMPUTER……………………………..KEYBOARD

    MEASURE OF THE STRENGHT OF A SIGNAL………………………………………..INTENSITY

    SECTOR ON A HARD DISK USED TO STORE A FILE ON PART OF A FILE………CLUSTER

    LOSS OR DISTORTION OF A SIGNAL…………………………………………………BREAK UP

    TO COPY…………………………………………………………………………………..

    III.- Antonyms:

  • Automated <> Manual

  • Backward <> Forward

  • Column <> Row

  • Character basic <> Graphical

  • Contiguos <> Fragmented

  • Flexible <> Rigid

  • Hardware <> Software

  • Infinite <> Finite/Closed

  • Landscape <> Portrait

  • Monospaced <> Proportional

  • Multiply <> Divide (by)

  • Parallel <> Serial

  • Physical <> Virtual

  • Problem <> Solution

  • Simplex <> Duplex

  • Simple <> Difficult / Complicated

  • Single <> Multiple

  • To add <> To subtract

  • To authorize <> To cancel / To forbid

  • To boot up <> To shut down

  • To confirm <> To cancel

  • To continue <> To interrupt

  • To delete <> To restore

  • To open <> To close

  • To transmit <> To receive

  • wholesaler <> minorist

  • to clock in <> to clock out