Gramática inglesa

Conditional sentences. Verb brackets. Translations

  • Enviado por: Paulina
  • Idioma: castellano
  • País: España España
  • 11 páginas
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CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

1. Put the verb between brackets in the right tense

  • You get annoyed if I (not tell) ____________________ the truth

  • I won't give it back unless you (promise) ____________________ to behave yourself

  • If it weren't so crowded, Brighton (be)____________________ an interesting place.

  • We would never have asked you if we (not think) ___________________ you'd agree

  • Put the kettle on now if you (want) ___________________ some tea

  • If you follow my advice, you (manage) ___________________ all right

  • You were a fool if you (believe) ___________________ her

  • If I'd thought more about it, I(find) _________________________ the answer

  • People notice you if you (dress) _____________________ expensively

  • If you dressed expensively, people (notice) _________________

  • 2. Transform into a conditional sentence (1st or 2nd type)

  • I feel very tired, so I won't come out with you

  • If I didn't feel so tired, I would come out with you

  • He doesn't know he is here, so he won't tell him to go away

  • _________________________________________________________________

  • The weather is very cold, that's why I don't go to the beach

  • _________________________________________________________________

  • I can't stop working because I don't have a lot of money

  • __________________________________________________________________

  • I can't come out for a walk with you because I'm very tired

  • __________________________________________________________________

  • She doesn't love you, that's why she is so horrible to you

  • __________________________________________________________________

  • Pollution is increasing because there are many cars

  • ___________________________________________________________________

  • The climate is changing because there are few trees

  • ______________________________________________________________________

    3. Choose the right option

  • If John (were/would be) here, he (knew/would know) what to do

  • Do you think it (were/would be) a good idea if I (phoned/would phone) the police?

  • What (did/would) you do if you (won/would win) a million pound?

  • If I (had/would have) more time I (learnt/would learn) either karate or judo

  • If you (changed/would change) your job, what (did/would) you do?

  • Today (were/would be) Sunday I (were/would be) in bed

  • I (went/would go) and see Jake tomorrow if I (knew/would know) his address.

  • 4. Fill in the blanks with the suitable form of the verb in brackets

  • If he (run) ......................... he'll get there in time

  • If you (finish) ................................ dinner I'll ask the waiter for the bill

  • I (meet) ............................... you at the airport if knew you are coming

  • You can camp in my field provided you (leave) ............................... no mess

  • If the fog (get) ...................... thicker hte plane may be diverted

  • If someone tried to blackmail me I (tell) ................................ the police

  • If you (not have)............................. a permit you couldn't get a job

  • If you (look) .............................. for Peter you'll find him upstairs

  • We're going by air and I hate flying. If we (go) .................................... by boat I'd feel much happier.

  • I would be very grateful if you (make) ................................. the arrangements for me

  • 5. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets to make first or second conditional sentences

    Example: 1 If children watch violent television programmes, they will

    become violent

  • If children............................... (watch) violent television programmes, they will become violent

  • Young children would learn to speak better if they ................................. (watch) less television

  • If you don't get nervous before the exam, you ................................. (have) any problems

  • If you ............................ (be) rude to your sister, she won't help you

  • If Karen ............................ (give) up smoking, she'd feel better

  • If he is still ill tomorrow, he ............................ (not/play) in the match

  • 6. Complete the questions

    Example: 1 If it rains this weekend, what will you do?

  • If it ........................ (rain) this weekend, what will you do?

  • If it is hot tomorrow, what ............................ (you/do)?

  • If you ............................ (win) the lottery, what would you do?

  • If you could travel anywhere in the world, where ............................... (you/go)?

  • Now answer the questions. Write as many answers as you can

  • .......................................................................................................................

  • .......................................................................................................................

  • .......................................................................................................................

  • ......................................................................................................................

  • .......................................................................................................................

  • ........................................................................................................................

  • .......................................................................................................................

  • ........................................................................................................................

    7. Transform as in the example

    Example: He doesn't ask me, so I don't help him

    If he asked me, I would help him

  • I don't have a lot of money, so I don' travel round the world

  • ____________________________________________________________________

  • George lives in London, so he doesn't see the Eiffel Tower

  • ____________________________________________________________________

  • They are very hungry because they don't eat nothing

  • ____________________________________________________________________

  • I'm late. I can't find my seat

  • ____________________________________________________________________

  • It is raining. So I can't go out tonight

  • ____________________________________________________________________

  • I can't understand. Please explain how the machine works

  • ____________________________________________________________________

  • It is very cold, so we can't wear a swimsuit

  • ___________________________________________________________________

  • John has two brothers, so he hasn't any brother-in-law

  • ___________________________________________________________________

  • He hasn't got a car because he can't drive

  • ___________________________________________________________________

  • I haven't a boyfriend. So I can't get married

  • ___________________________________________________________________

    8. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets

  • I would buy (buy) this computer if it weren't so expensive

  • If you .............................. (go) to England, you'd improve your accent

  • You can stay here longer if you ............................... (want)

  • We won't come along to the party if we .............................. (not/invited)

  • If I ..................... (be) you, I'd apologise to them immediately

  • If I had five million euros, I ............................... (not/know) what to do wih the money

  • We .............................. (not/catch) the train if we don't hurry

  • If Paco ........................... (have) a temperature, he won't be able to come along to the beach

  • .................................. (you/babysit) for us if we asked you to?

  • Don't eat hat fruit if it..................................... (not/be) ripe

  • 9.Finish the sentences taking care to use the correct tense (first and second type)

  • We'll send for the doctor if.................................................................................

  • The grass would look better if...........................................................................

  • If there isn't enough wine in that bottle...........................................................

  • If you ate less.......................................................................................................

  • Try on the blue one if..........................................................................................

  • If she practised more..........................................................................................

  • If we leave before breakfast.............................................................................

  • If you tried to climb it without a guide.............................................................

  • If the river rises any higher.................................................................................

  • If the volcano starts erupting............................................................................

  • If you had any sense..........................................................................................

  • If you didn't shake your camera so much, your photographs ................... .................................................

  • 10. Put the verb in the correct form

  • I (give) ____________________ you a cigarette if I had one, but I'm afraid I haven't

  • This soup would taste better if it (have) __________________ more salt in it.

  • If you (not go) _________________ to bed so late every night, you wouldn't be so tired all the time

  • I wouldn't mind living in England if the weather (be) __________________ better

  • I'd help you if I (can) __________________ but I'm afraid I can't

  • If I were you, I (not marry) ___________________ him

  • We would happily buy that house if it (not be) ________________ so small.

  • 11. Put the verb in brackets in the correct form

  • If you (find) ______________ a skeleton in the cellar don't mention it to anyone

  • If you pass your examination we (have) __________________ a celebration

  • What (happen) __________________ if I press this button?

  • I should have voted for him if I (have) _________________ a vote then

  • If you go to Paris where you ______________ (stay)?

  • If someone offered to buy you one of those rings, which you (choose) _______________?

  • The flight may be cancelled if the fog (get)_____________ thick

  • If the milkman (come) ________________ tell him to leave two pints

  • Someone (sit) _________________ on your glasses if you leave them there

  • You would play better bridge if you (not talk) _______________ so much

  • What I (do) ______________ if I hear the burglar alarm?

  • If you (read) ______________ the instruction carefully you wouldn't have answered the wrong question.

  • 12. Complete

  • If you don't eat, you'll get thin

  • If you......................................................................................., you'll get tired

  • If you ....................................................................................., you'll get thirsty

  • If you........................................................................................., you'll get wet

  • If I ..............................................................................................., I'll be happy

  • If......................................................................................, I'll be very unhappy

  • If ............................................................................, it will be very bad for the country

  • If.........................................................., it will be very good for the country

  • 13. Pon el verbo entre paréntesis en la forma verbal adecuada

  • You (see) ......................... better if you (light)............................ the lamp

  • If they (listen)........................... to such a loud music, they (get) .................... deaf

  • Peter (drive) ........................ a car if he (be) ......................... 18 years old

  • They (play) ....................... football If they (have).......................... some time

  • If she (sing) ......................... marvellously, she (go)....................... to Eurovision

  • They (come)................... here if they (can) ........................

  • I (not ask) .............................. someone to do it for me if I (know) ...................... how to do that

  • If the children (like) ......................... playing basketball, they (be) ..................... playing the whole day

  • If you (travel) ........................ to Greece, you (see) ......................... beautiful buildings

  • If you (smoke) ................... so much, they (get) ............................ very ill

  • Would you (buy) ........................ that car if you (can) ......................?

  • I (write) ..................... a novel if I (be) ........................ good at writing

  • She (like) ..................... living in Cuba, if she (be) ................... rich

  • 14. Termina las frases

  • If I were rich..........................................................................................................

  • If I were the Prime Minister .................................................................................

  • If I study at university ...........................................................................................

  • If I found a dog....................................................................................................

  • If I were 21 years old ...........................................................................................

  • If I had a job.........................................................................................................

  • 15. Traduce

  • ¿Te importa si uso tu teléfono?

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si vas a Egipto, tráeme un recuerdo

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • No compraré nada si no me das dinero

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Esta tarde iremos de compras si no llueve

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si quieres, puedes venirte conmigo

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si pudiera trabajar en otra cosa, sería taxista

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • No quiero irme a casa de Juan si tú no vienes

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si sacas buenas notas podrás estudiar en la universidad

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si yo fuera tú, me iría a Londres

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si haces los deberes te doy un caramelo

  • ______________________________________________________________________

    14. Traduce

  • Si no te llevas paraguas, te mojarás

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Compraríamos un coche nuevo si tuviéramos dinero

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si tuviera 6.000.000 viajaría por el mundo

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Yo en tu lugar, no le mentiria

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si alguien le molesta, se enfada

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si vas a Madrid, tuerce a la izquierda

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si hablaras despacio, todo el mundo te entendería

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si no trabajara me iría de vacaciones

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si no deja de llover, nos ahogaremos

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Visita el Museo Británico si vas a Londres

  • ______________________________________________________________________

    15. Traduce

  • Si supiera chino viajaría a Pekín

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si fuera más alto, jugaría al baloncesto

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si no te vas a la cama temprano, mañana tendrás mucho sueño

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si bebes, no conduzcas

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si te encuentras con Tom, avísame

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si no pudiera jugar al fútbol, jugaría al tenis

  • ______________________________________________________________________

    16. Traduce

  • Si te hubieras levantado temprano, habrías llegado a tiempo

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si nos hubiéramos conocido antes lo habríamos pasado bien

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si hubiera sabido que tú no venías, no te habría esperado

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si no hubieras vivido en Canadá durante un año, no podrías hablar francés

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • Si te hubieras casado con Margaret, habrías sido muy feliz

  • ______________________________________________________________________

    VERB TO BE: PAST (WAS/WERE)

    1. Complete with was / were

  • At 7'00 I ___________ at the cinema. At 8'00 I _________ in the park with my friends

  • Where _________ you at 4'00 in the afternoon? I ___________ at home

  • Yesterday she __________ very ill. So, she couldn't come to my party

  • The children ____________ at school at 12'00

  • When we ___________ 10 years old, we ____________ very poor

  • There _______ a book on the table. Now it is not there.

  • The boy in red ____________ with my sister at classroom

  • It __________ very cold last night

  • Mary ________ afraid of dogs when she _________ a very little girl

  • There __________ many people at the park yesterday

  • 2. Finish the sentences with your own words

  • They were....

  • I was...

  • The cat was...

  • My parents were...

  • You were...

  • Philip was...

  • That man was...

  • We were...

  • Kate was...

  • Sharon and you were...

  • 3. Translate

  • Yo estaba en la cocina ayer a las 9'00 h.

  • ..............................................................................................................................

  • ¿Dónde estabas? Estaba en el comedor

  • ..............................................................................................................................

  • Yo era muy feliz

  • .............................................................................................................................

  • Nosotros éramos muy jóvenes hace 10 años

  • .............................................................................................................................

  • Hacía mucho frío la pasada noche

  • ............................................................................................................................

  • Yo era rico cuando tenía 15 años

  • ............................................................................................................................

  • ¿Eras tú un maestro?

  • ...........................................................................................................................

  • Francis fue actor

  • ............................................................................................................................

  • Estaba lluvioso ayer

  • ...............................................................................................................................

  • Yo tenía prisa

  • ...............................................................................................................................

  • Nosotros estábamos en Madrid el mes pasado

  • ..............................................................................................................................

  • Tú no estabas en el parque hace una hora

  • .............................................................................................................................

    4. Transform into past the following sentences in present tense

  • Children are asleep

  • George is very interested in football

  • Are you cold?

  • Sorry, I'm late

  • Where is my sweater?

  • They are not hungry, they are thirsty

  • I'm in a hurry

  • You are afraid of spiders

  • We are 20 years old

  • She is very pretty