Gramática inglesa

Lengua inglesa. Gramática. Conjugación de verbos. Expresiones

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  • Idioma: inglés
  • País: España España
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Examen Final Inglés 3º ESO

1. The present simple

We use it to:

  • Talk about habits

  • In stories

  • Affirmative We play tennis once a week

    Questions Does he want to go there?

    Negatives She doesn't like being alone

    (Do I, you, we they) (Does she, he, it)

    2. Past simple

    There are two different kinds of verbs: Regular and irregular:

    1. Regular verbs we add “-Ed” to the infinitive (wanted, called, played…)

    2. They haven't got any rules (begin-began, catch-caught…)

    Affirmatives She woke up early last Saturday

    Negatives (Didn't + infinitive) I' didn't know! Or she didn't see you!

    Questions (Did + infinitive) Where did you go yesterday?

    3. Future: Going to and present continuous

    We use them to talk about future plans.

    - ¿Cuando usamos going to y cuando el presente continuo con valor de futuro?

    1. Going to Planes o intenciones que no sabes bien cuando serán o cuando decimos algo que va a ocurrir porque tenemos grandes indicios de ellos (She's going to have a baby)

    2. Present Continuous Planes específicos ya decididos (I'm having dinner with my boyfriend tonight) Va a ocurrir con toda seguridad.

    Ejemplo. (GT) I'm going to study English (I'll like to some day) (PC) I'm studying English this summer all mornings at 7:30 (I have paid it and I'm really sure)

    4. Will and Won't

  • Talk about the future, our predictions… (It will rain tomorrow)

  • To ask someone to do something (Will you open the window, please?)

  • To offer your help this bag is too heavy, I'll carry you! I will help you!

  • For spontaneous decisions (I'll phone them immediately)

  • 5. Past continuous

    Was-were + -ing (Describes activities in progress in the past)

    When I was having a shower when the doorbell rang

    While I was dancing while she was cooking

    Questions Were you singing yesterday? Yes I was, no I wasn't

    6. Have to/must/should

    We have to go (tenemos que ir, tendríamos que ir)

    We must go (Debemos ir, es obligatorio)

    We should go (Deberíamos ir, es conveniente ir)

    We don't have to go (No es necesario, no hace falta)

    We mustn't go (Está prohibido ir, es obligatorio no ir)

    We shouldn't go (No deberíamos ir, no es buena idea)

    ? Do we have to go (¿Tenemos que ir, es necesario ir?)

    Must we go? (¿Es obligatorio ir? ¿Estamos obligados a ir?)

    Should we go? (¿Deberiamos ir? ¿Es conveniente ir?

    7. Comparatives and superlatives

    1. Comparing two things (Comparatives)

    - Short adjectives Marina is older than Pete; Pete isn't as old as Marina

    - Long adjectives Football is as dangerous as tennis, football is less dangerous than climbing, Climbing is less dangerous than football.

    2. Superlatives

    - Short adjectives I'm the tallest girl in my class

    - Long adjectives she's the most dangerous murderer/ Pim-pom is the less dangerous sport.

    Irregular adjectives

    Good- better- best bad-worse- worst

    Many/much- more- most Little-less-least

    8. Present Perfect and Quantities (Much, Many, a lot of, lots of, not enough…)

    We use the present perfect to talk about past experiences.

    Affirmatives

    • I have lived in another country

    • He has had many interesting experiences

    Questions

    • Have you ever been in New Zealand?

    • Have you seen that famous mountain?

    Negatives

    • I haven't seen Patty for ages

    • I have never drank alcohol

    Quantities

    Countable

    A lot of/lots of

    Many or how many?

    Few (pocos) a few (unos pocos), very few (muy pocos)

    No/none/any

    Uncountable

    A lot of/lots of

    Much, How much?

    Some, much

    Little

    No/none/any

    9. The present perfect

    We use it to talk about past actions without an especial date (She has eaten a sandwich) or to talk about something which began in the past and still going on now (I have lived here since 1998)

    Since 1991/I was a child/I can remember

    For three years/ two hours/five weeks…

    10. The passive

    We make it with the verb to be and the past participle of the verb.

    Ex. Wine is drunk in Christmas

    Spanish is spoken by Spanish people