Examen Final Inglés 3º ESO
1. The present simple
We use it to:
Talk about habits
Affirmative We play tennis once a week
Questions Does he want to go there?
Negatives She doesn't like being alone
(Do I, you, we they) (Does she, he, it)
2. Past simple
There are two different kinds of verbs: Regular and irregular:
1. Regular verbs we add “-Ed” to the infinitive (wanted, called, played…)
2. They haven't got any rules (begin-began, catch-caught…)
Affirmatives She woke up early last Saturday
Negatives (Didn't + infinitive) I' didn't know! Or she didn't see you!
Questions (Did + infinitive) Where did you go yesterday?
3. Future: Going to and present continuous
We use them to talk about future plans.
- ¿Cuando usamos going to y cuando el presente continuo con valor de futuro?
1. Going to Planes o intenciones que no sabes bien cuando serán o cuando decimos algo que va a ocurrir porque tenemos grandes indicios de ellos (She's going to have a baby)
2. Present Continuous Planes específicos ya decididos (I'm having dinner with my boyfriend tonight) Va a ocurrir con toda seguridad.
Ejemplo. (GT) I'm going to study English (I'll like to some day) (PC) I'm studying English this summer all mornings at 7:30 (I have paid it and I'm really sure)
4. Will and Won't
Talk about the future, our predictions… (It will rain tomorrow)
To ask someone to do something (Will you open the window, please?)
To offer your help this bag is too heavy, I'll carry you! I will help you!
For spontaneous decisions (I'll phone them immediately)
5. Past continuous
Was-were + -ing (Describes activities in progress in the past)
When I was having a shower when the doorbell rang
While I was dancing while she was cooking
Questions Were you singing yesterday? Yes I was, no I wasn't
6. Have to/must/should
We have to go (tenemos que ir, tendríamos que ir)
We must go (Debemos ir, es obligatorio)
We should go (Deberíamos ir, es conveniente ir)
We don't have to go (No es necesario, no hace falta)
We mustn't go (Está prohibido ir, es obligatorio no ir)
We shouldn't go (No deberíamos ir, no es buena idea)
? Do we have to go (¿Tenemos que ir, es necesario ir?)
Must we go? (¿Es obligatorio ir? ¿Estamos obligados a ir?)
Should we go? (¿Deberiamos ir? ¿Es conveniente ir?
7. Comparatives and superlatives
1. Comparing two things (Comparatives)
- Short adjectives Marina is older than Pete; Pete isn't as old as Marina
- Long adjectives Football is as dangerous as tennis, football is less dangerous than climbing, Climbing is less dangerous than football.
- Short adjectives I'm the tallest girl in my class
- Long adjectives she's the most dangerous murderer/ Pim-pom is the less dangerous sport.
Good- better- best bad-worse- worst
Many/much- more- most Little-less-least
8. Present Perfect and Quantities (Much, Many, a lot of, lots of, not enough…)
We use the present perfect to talk about past experiences.
I have lived in another country
He has had many interesting experiences
Have you ever been in New Zealand?
Have you seen that famous mountain?
I haven't seen Patty for ages
I have never drank alcohol
A lot of/lots of
Many or how many?
Few (pocos) a few (unos pocos), very few (muy pocos)
A lot of/lots of
Much, How much?
9. The present perfect
We use it to talk about past actions without an especial date (She has eaten a sandwich) or to talk about something which began in the past and still going on now (I have lived here since 1998)
Since 1991/I was a child/I can remember
For three years/ two hours/five weeks…
10. The passive
We make it with the verb to be and the past participle of the verb.
Ex. Wine is drunk in Christmas
Spanish is spoken by Spanish people