ESQUEMA MUSICA- EXAMEN DE EVALUACIÓN
-Bowed- violin, viola, cello, bass
- Plucked- harp, guitar
---Woodwind: flute, oboe, clarinet, bassson, saxophone
---Brass: trumpet, French horn, trombone, tuba
-Wood: claves, castanets, wood blocks
-Metal: triangle, cymbals, gong
-Membrane: snare drum, tambourine, bass drum
PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS – PAGE 15
-A percussion instrument is anyobjet which produces a soundby being hit.
-Percussion instruments are sometimes classified as being pitchedor unpitchedif the make a definite pitch or indefinite pitch.
-Music for pitched percussion instruments can be notated on a stavewith the same trable and bass clefs used in many non-percussive intruments.
-Music for percussion instruments without a definite pitch can be notated with a specialpercussion clef.
PITCHED PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS – PAGE 16
- The xylophone consists of woodenbars of various lengths that are struck by plastic, wooden or rubbermallets. Each bar is tuned to a specific pitchof the musical scale.
-The vibraphone is an instrument similar to the xylophonethat produces soundby means of vibratingmetal bars.
-The kettledrum is a type of drum, it consists of a skin over a large bowl commonly made of copper. They are played by striking the head with a specialized drum stick. Unlike most drums, they produce a definite pitch when struck, and can be tuned, often with the use of a pedal.
UNPITCHED PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS PAGE 17
-Claves are a pair of short thick dowels, When struck they produce a bright clicking noise.
-Castanets are pairs of shell- shaped clappers that are hinged together with string.
-One of the triangle’s angle’s is left open. It usually struck with a metal beater, giving a high-pithed ringing tone.
-A matched pair of cymbals that are held by leather straps and hit together to make a loud, metallic crashing sound.
-The tambourine is a musical instrument consisting of a frame, often of wood or plastic, with pairs of small metal.
-The snare drum is a drum is a drum with strands of snares made of curled metal. The drum can be sounded by hitting it with a drum –stick or any other form of beater, including brushes and rutes.
-A bass drum is a large drum that produces a note of indefinite pitch. It is played with one or sometimes two large, padded mallets. Usually the right hand plays the drum and the left hand muffles it.